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Home / Books / Published Books / Laboratory Hand Book on Basic Ecology (Soil, Water, Plankton and Feeding Ecology with Special Mention to Periphyton)
Laboratory Hand Book on Basic Ecology (Soil, Water, Plankton and Feeding Ecology with Special Mention to Periphyton)
Published Date:
May, 2014
Science Publishing Group
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Table of Contents
The Whole Book
Since May 20, 2015
Front Matter
Since September 25, 2014
Section I Water Analysis
Chapter 1 Chemical Analysis of Water
Since September 25, 2014
1.1 pH
1.2 Electrical Conductivity
1.3 Total Alkalinity
1.4 Total Hardness
1.5 Calcium Hardness
1.6 Magnesium Hardness
1.7 Free Carbon Dioxide (Titrimetric Method with Na2CO3)
1.8 Dissloved Oxygen (Winkler’s Method)
1.9 Dissolved Phosphorus (Soluble Orthophosphate)
1.10 Total Phosphate
1.11 Dissolved Nitrate (Brucine Sulphonic Acid Method)
1.12 Sulphate Estimation
Chapter 2 Physical Analysis of Water
Since September 25, 2014
2.1 Potability of Water
2.2 Turbidity
2.3 Temperature
2.4 Dissolved Solids
Section II Soil Analysis
Chapter 3 Chemical Analysis of Soil
Since September 25, 2014
3.1 Available Nitrogen (Alkali KMnO4 Method)
3.2 Organic Carbon and Organic Matter (Walky and Black, 1934)
3.2.1 Titrimetric Method
3.2.2 Colorimetric Method
3.3 Available Phosphorous (Olsens et al., 1954)
3.4 Available Potassium
3.5 Soil pH
3.6 Electrical Conductivity of Soil
Chapter 4 Physical Analysis of Soil
Since September 25, 2014
4.1 Collection and Preservation of Soil
4.2 Moisture Content of Soil (Gravimetric Method)
4.3 Bulk density of Soil (Core Tube Method)
4.4 Particle or Real Density of Soil
4.5 Pore Space or Porosity of Soil
Section III Plankton and Periphyton Studies
Chapter 5 Collection, Preservation and Quantification (Plankton)
Since September 25, 2014
5.1 What are Plankton
5.2 Foreworks of Plankton Sampling
5.3 Preservation of Plankton
5.4 Plankton Sampling
5.4.1 Plankton Samplers
5.4.2 Plankton Sampling Methods from Surface Water
5.5 Quantitative Analysis of Plankton
5.5.1 The Sedgwick Rafter (S-R) Cell Counting
5.5.2 Lacky’s Drop Count Method
Chapter 6 Collection, Preservation and Quantification (Periphyton)
Since September 25, 2014
6.1 What is Periphyton
6.2 Periphyton Collection and Quantification
6.2.1 Periphyton Collection from Natural Substrate
6.2.2 Periphyton Collection from Artificial Substrate
6.3 Quantitative Analysis of Periphyton
Chapter 7 Plankton and Periphyton Productivity
Since September 25, 2014
7.1 What is Productivity
7.2 Measurement of Productivity
7.2.1 Dark and Light Bottle Method
7.2.2 Cholorophyll – a
7.2.3 Biomass (Dry Weight and Ash Free Dry Weight)
Section IV Diversity and Feeding Ecological Studies
Chapter 8 Diversity Studies
Since September 25, 2014
8.1 What is Diversity
8.2 Indices for Diversity Measures
8.2.1 Species Richness (s)
8.2.2 Relative Comparison Index (Saikia and Das 2012)
8.2.4 Simpson’s Diversity Index (D) (1964)
8.2.5 Margalef’s Diversity Index, 1968
8.2.6 McIntosh Diversity Index
8.3 Indices for Evenness Studies
8.3.1 Shannon-Weaver Evenness Measure (J) (Pielou, 1966)
8.3.2 Simpsons’ Evenness Measure (E)
8.4 Dominance Index
8.4.1 Concentration of Dominance (C)
8.4.2 Berger-Perker Index (d) (1970)
8.5 Variety Index (V)
8.6 Similarity and Dissimilarity Indices
8.6.1 Similarity Index
8.6.2 Index of Dissimilarity (DI)
Chapter 9 Feeding Ecological Studies
Since September 25, 2014
9.1 What is Feeding Ecology
9.2 Simple Indices for Gut Analysis
9.2.1 Fullness and Fullness of Gut
9.2.3 Stomach Index
9.2.4 Percent Composition of Food Items in the Gut
9.3 Dietary Breadth
9.3.1 Levin’s Diet Breadth
9.3.2 Hulbert’s Diet Breadth
9.3.3 Smith’s Diet Breadth
9.3.4 Saikia’s Diet Breadth or DB (χ2) (Saikia, 2012)
9.3.5 Czekanowski’s Proportion of Similarity Index
9.4 Dietary Overlap
9.4.1 Schoener’s (α) Index
9.4.2 Clumping of Gut and Possible Diet Overlap
9.5 Feeding Strategy Study
Back Matter
Since September 25, 2014
DR. SURJYA KUMAR SAIKIA, Department of Zoology, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan, West Bengal, India.
DR. DEBANGSHU NARAYAN DAS, Department of Zoology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, India.
The present book is a synthesis of work to cover most of the methodologies required for ecological studies in laboratory. The book is divided into four sections - Section I, II, III and IV. Section I deals with water analysis methods. This section is further divided into two chapters, viz. Chapter 1.1 for chemical and Chapter 1.2 for physical analysis of water. Section II deals in Soil analysis methods. This section is also divided into two chapters as Chapter 2.1 and Chapter 2.2 for Chemical and physical analysis of soil respectively. The part chemical analysis of water and soil include all principles and chemical reaction related to experiments concerned. This will help to understand the actual mechanisms of the experiment rather blindly following them. The Section III is specially designed for planktonic studies. The Chapter 3.1 includes definition and classification of plankton and periphyton with their sampling, preserving and counting techniques. Chapter 3.2 describes methodologies for productivity studies of plankton and periphyton. The book has mathematical details for plankton and periphyton studies (Section IV). The Section IV has been a special feature to this book where most popular diversity indices and feeding ecology measures are discussed. The Section has two Chapters viz. Chapter 4.1 for Diversity studies and Chapter 4.2 for Feeding ecology studies. The part feeding ecology denotes a unique feature to the book. All these indices are explained with examples and appropriate figures. Few most recent indices have also been included so far.

The experiments mentioned in this book are simple and fit for undergraduate and post graduate classes. In addition, it has been designed to help researchers working in aquatic ecological laboratories. As an alternative to voluminous methodological books which are hardly ‘all in one’ in the laboratory, the proposed book would be handy, simple, explanatory and informative for beginners in all fields of ecological research.
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