An Assessment of the Electrical Energy Needs of Beauty Saloon Industry in Ghana
American Journal of Management Science and Engineering
Volume 1, Issue 2, November 2016, Pages: 44-53
Received: Aug. 28, 2016;
Accepted: Sep. 23, 2016;
Published: Oct. 27, 2016
Views 3868 Downloads 78
Mamudu Hamidu, Electrical, Electronic Engineering Department, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana
Alfred Sarbah, Department of Management Studies, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana
Follow on us
Insufficient and irregular power supply in Ghana has been a matter of concern to all. This situation runs through all industrial, commercial and domestic sectors of the Ghanaian economy, posing much challenge to the economic growth. This study considers the Beauty Salon industry which is one important but neglected industry which depends mostly on power for all its activities, and also consumes a lot of energy. In the beauty salon industry, about 73% of the work force is women which falls under the hairdressing with the remaining being barbers. The research shows that, about 96% of their business operations depend on the National Electric grid. Finding an alternative means to provide electrical power source is of much significance. Notwithstanding this, the total average income of GH₵8,443, expenditure of GH₵3,488 and GH₵1,951 being the expenditure of light provision in the absence of national grid. Aside this, the cost of electricity bills keeps raising making the industry being under critical condition to stay in business. Therefore the study identifies various tools and equipment used in the industry and their power ratings to propose a possible design of photovoltaic (PV) system for the industry. This study proposes a 2.8KW Stand-alone Photovoltaic System to help solve the problem of entrepreneurs in the Beauty Salon industry. In view of this study, it can be recommended that, this PV can be implemented to promote it use in the Beauty Salon industry by the Ghana government and other donor agencies to sustain the burden on the industry. Also the study identifies the need for education of power management as most entrepreneurs in the Beauty industry have little knowledge on it.
Assessment, Electrical, Energy, Power, Salon, Solar
To cite this article
An Assessment of the Electrical Energy Needs of Beauty Saloon Industry in Ghana, American Journal of Management Science and Engineering.
Vol. 1, No. 2,
2016, pp. 44-53.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Association of Ghana Solar Industries (AGSI). 2011. Information memorandum to parliament on promoting solar energy application as a viable alternative power in Ghana. Available at: http://ghanasolarindustries.com/PDFarticles/AGSI_Background_Research_Report_2011.pdf. Accessed 10 August, 2015.
Energy Commission of Ghana. 2015. National Energy Statistics. Available at: http://energycom.gov.gh/files/Energy%20Statistics_2015Final_1.pdf. Accessed 11 August, 2015.
Erin, B., Meredith, F., Derek L., and Stanley, R. S. 2013. The Economics of Solar Electricity. Available at: http://ei.haas.berkeley.edu. Accessed 11 August, 2015.
Information memorandum to parliament on promoting solar energy application as a viable alternative power in Ghana November 2011
International Energy Agency, 2003. Case Studies on the Deployment of Photovoltaic Technologies in Developing Countries. Photovoltaic System Programme. 117 p.
Ren. S. 2014. Osmosis Investment Management. Available at: http://www.osmosisim.com/sun-shines-solar-2013/ accessed 14April, 2015.
Solarbuzz, Market Buzz 2005, p. 14.
Sunshine & Daylight Hours in Kumasi, Ghana. Available at: http://www.kumasi.climatemps.com/sunlight.php. Accessed 19 January, 2015.
Thang, D., 1and Fongnzossie, E. Using small-scale solar power plant to supply rural homes with electricity in the Ngan-ha locality (Cameroon). Available at: http://www.iaia.org/conferences/iaia12/uploadpapers/Final%20papers%20review%20process/Thang,%20Dieudonn%C3%A9.%20%20Using%20small-scale%20solar%20power%20plant%20to%20supply%20rural%20homes%20with%20electricity.pdf. Accessed 25 December, 2014.
Travis, B. 2006. Solar Revolution The Economic Transformation of the Global Industry. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
World Watch Institute. 2015. Average Global Growth Rates by Energy Source (2005-2010)”. Available at:.. Accessed 12 February, 2015.