Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis C Virus in Healthcare Workers - AIMS, B G Nagara
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages: 145-149
Received: Jun. 11, 2013; Published: Jul. 10, 2013
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Authors
Vijaya Doddaiah, Department of Microbiology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagara 571448, Karnataka, India
Katta Janakiram, Department of Microbiology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagara 571448, Karnataka, India
Sathish Javagal, Department of Microbiology, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, B.G.Nagara 571448, Karnataka, India
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Abstract
Healthcare workers have an elevated risk of acquiring and transmitting parental infections. The purpose of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HBV and HCV among the health care workers. One hundred and sixty eight HCWs (doctors-6, nurses-38, technicians-10, ward attenders-91, nursing students-23) were screened for HBsAg. These HCWs were not vaccinated against hepatitis B virus infection. Among them, two (1.19%) were positive for HBsAg. The positive persons were ward attenders (1 male, 1 female) who handle hospital waste. Four hundred and five HCWs (doctors-88, nurses-155, technicians-30, ward attenders-107, nursing student-25) were screened for HCV antibodies. None of the HCWs were positive for HCV antibodies. Health education, prophylaxis by vaccination, universal precautions and proper hospital waste management play a major role in the prevention of HBV and HCV infection. This is the first study undertaken from this hospital on the prevalence of HBV and HCV infection among HCWs after of 27 years establishment of the hospital.
Keywords
HBV, HCV, Health Care Workers
To cite this article
Vijaya Doddaiah, Katta Janakiram, Sathish Javagal, Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis C Virus in Healthcare Workers - AIMS, B G Nagara, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2013, pp. 145-149. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20130104.11
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