Epidemiological Approach to Overweight in the Town of Ain Fakroun in 2012 (East Of Algeria)
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 1, Issue 5, October 2013, Pages: 232-237
Received: Oct. 31, 2013; Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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Authors
Karouche Saida, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, University 1 of Constantine Algeria
Rouabah Abdelkader, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, University 1 of Constantine Algeria
Rouabah Leila, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, University 1 of Constantine Algeria
Necib Youcef, Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Life, University 1 of Constantine Algeria
Lemdaoui Mohamed Chrif, Department Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital Benbadis, Faculty of Medicine, University 3 of Constantine, Algeria
Boussouf Nadir, Department Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital Benbadis, Faculty of Medicine, University 3 of Constantine, Algeria
Zoughailech Djamel, Department Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University Hospital Benbadis, Faculty of Medicine, University 3 of Constantine, Algeria
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Abstract
Objective: The ultimate objective of this study is to help discern the epidemiological and clinical profile and factors associated with the risk of overweight and obesity, through a representative sample of a population, overweight, from a urban agglomeration located in east of Algeria. Methods: The present descriptive epidemiological study, realized on a representative sample of the adult population, of both sexes, aged 18 to 75 years, the city of Ain Fakroun, Thus, of the 64 districts of the municipality of Ain Fakroun, 12 urban districts are drawn. In each household 1-4 between 18 and 75 people were randomly. In total 273 households corresponding to a set of 1091 people surveyed. For recruiting, the anthropometric measurements are made, arterial pressions, blood samples are taken, anticoagulants in heparinized tubes, on fasting subjects, intended for a lipid profile and blood glucose. In addition, data collections were carried out through an interview. Results: The data results are shown that; more than 1/3 of the population is excess weight (BMI > 25 kg/m²). The prevalence increased significantly (p = 0.0014) among young adults and then gradually decreases with age and fall markedly among seniors over 60 years. The frequency of overweight patients is 36.41%; it is relatively identical in both sexes. However, the proportion of obese is predominant (60.98%) with obesity class I predominant in both sexes while severe obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²) is more common in women. The result on the association between BMI and vascular risk factors reinforce conventional notions. Conclusion: The descriptive point of view at men as well at women, the overweight seems due to social, biological and environmental factors.
Keywords
Epidemiology, Nutrition, Adults
To cite this article
Karouche Saida, Rouabah Abdelkader, Rouabah Leila, Necib Youcef, Lemdaoui Mohamed Chrif, Boussouf Nadir, Zoughailech Djamel, Epidemiological Approach to Overweight in the Town of Ain Fakroun in 2012 (East Of Algeria), American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 1, No. 5, 2013, pp. 232-237. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20130105.15
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