Effect of Natural and Artificial Ascorbic Acid Supplementation on the Growth Performance and Packed Cell Volume of Broiler Chicks
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 158-161
Received: Mar. 24, 2015;
Accepted: May 4, 2015;
Published: May 12, 2015
Views 3924 Downloads 109
Ufele Angela Nwogor, Zoology Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Okoye Chidiebere Bridget, Zoology Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Ebenebe Cordelia Ifeyinwa, Zoology Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
This research studied the effect of natural and artificial ascorbic acid supplementation on the growth performance and packed cell volume of broiler chicks. The experimental animals used were sixty (60) broiler chicks of three weeks old. Five broiler chicks were randomly assigned to each cage and there were four cages representing four different treatments. Cage A served as control where only water was given to the broiler chicks as treatment 1. Cage B contained chicks given 300mg natural ascorbic acid per liter of water as treatment 2. Cage C contained chicks given a mixture of 150mg natural and 150mg artificial ascorbic acid per liter of water as treatment 3 while cage D contained chicks given 300mg artificial ascorbic acid per liter of water. The birds were given the respective treatments for five weeks and the experiment was replicated three times. At the end of the experiment it was observed that broilers fed with natural ascorbic acid had the highest weight gain (1.22kg), followed by birds fed with natural and artificial ascorbic acid (1.09kg). Broilers fed with artificial ascorbic acid recorded a weight gain of (0.89kg) while the control group has the least weight gain of (0.79kg). Again broilers fed with natural and artificial ascorbic acid recorded the highest PCV gain (21.23%), followed by broilers fed with artificial ascorbic acid (18.1%). Broilers on the control diet recorded a PCV gain of (12.84%) while broilers fed with natural ascorbic acid recorded the least PCV gain of (9.93%). From the result of the experiment, it was observed that natural ascorbic acid enhanced growth of the broiler chicks while combination of both natural and artificial ascorbic acid boost the PCV of the broiler chicks.
Ufele Angela Nwogor,
Okoye Chidiebere Bridget,
Ebenebe Cordelia Ifeyinwa,
Effect of Natural and Artificial Ascorbic Acid Supplementation on the Growth Performance and Packed Cell Volume of Broiler Chicks, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 158-161.
Adejoro, S. N. (2000). Handbook for Poultry Practioner and Consultants. Ben Press, Ibadan. Sovet Nig Ltd pp-33.
Aletor, V. A. and Osungwu, C. I. (1992): The Effect of Soybeans on the Serum Constituent and Bone of mineralization of chicken. B. Sc Thesis. Department of Animal Production and Health School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Apata, D. F. and Ojo, V. (2000). Efficiency of the Trichordema Viride Enzyme complex in Broiler Starter Fed Cowpea Tester Based Diets. Book of Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of Nigerian of Society of Animal Production, pp132-133.
Brooks, M. C. (2001). Effect of Protein on Human Growth and Development. International Journal of Nutrition, (25) 46-35.
Bull B.S., D’Onofrio G, Fujimoto K,(2001). Recommendation for reference method for the packed cell volume (ICSH Standard 2001). Laboratory Hematology, 7:148-170.
Douglas, L. (2003). Innovative Development in the Production and Delivery of Alternative Protein Source. International Journal of Animal Science, 25: 104-150.
Douglas, R. M., Hemila, H., Chalker, E., Treacy, B. (2007). Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. Cochrane Database System Review; (3):CD000980.
Ene, L. S. O (1987). “ Welcoming Address” In: Jerry, E. R., Akoroda, M. O. and Arene, O. B (ed). Tropical Root Crops: Root Crops and the African Food Crisis Proceedings of the Third Triennial Symposium of the International Society for Tropical Root Crops, p.4.
Escott-Stump, S., (2008). Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th edition. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Gillespie, J. R., Flanders, F. B. (2010). Modern Livestock and Poultry Production. Cengage Learning. p693.
Gross, W.B., P.B. Siegel and R.T. Dubose, (1980). Some effects of feeding corticosterone to chickens. Poultry Science, 59: 516-522.
Ibiyo, L. M. O., Madu, C. T., and Eze, S. S. (2006). Effects of Vitamin C Supplementation on the Growth of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings. Animal Nutrition Journal, 60 (4): 325-332.
Kurl, S., Tuomainen, T. P., Laukkanen, J. A. (2002). Plasma vitamin C modifies the association between hypertension and risk of stroke; American Heart Association Journal, 33(6):1568-73.
Li, Y. and Schellhorn, H. E. (2007). New developments and novel therapeutic perspectives for vitamin C. Journal of Nutrition, 137:2171-84.
Pardue, S.L., Thaxton, J.B. and Brake, (1985). Influence of supplemental ascorbic acid on broiler performance following exposure to high environmental temperature. Poultry Science, 64: 1334-1338.
Quarles, C.L. and Adrian, W.J. (1989). Evaluation of ascorbic acid for increasing carcass yield in broiler chickens. The role of vitamin C for poultry stress management. F. Hoffmann. Laroche and Co.AG., Switzerland.
Schemling, S.K. and Nockles, C.F. (1978). Effect of age, sex and ascorbic acid ingestion on chicken plasma corticosterone levels. Poultry Science, 57:527-533.
William, A.C., and George, W.S. (2008). Statistical Methods, 6th Ed., The Iowa State University Press. Ames, Iowa, USA. Pp. 167-263.