Nutritional Analysis of Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Perspective of Bangladesh
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 274-278
Received: Jun. 13, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 19, 2015; Published: Jul. 3, 2015
Views 4504      Downloads 154
Authors
Sultana Parvin, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Dilruba Easmin, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Afzal Sheikh, Department of Molecular Biology and Oncology, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Mrityunjoy Biswas, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Subed Chandra Dev Sharma, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Golam Sarowar Jahan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md Amirul Islam, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Narayan Roy, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mohammad Shariar Shovon, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Present study reveals a thorough investigation of nutritional values of three different varieties (Trounja, Lagou, Gounda) of Tunisian dates available in Bangladeshi local markets. Moisture and total solids were (13.2-14.1%) and (85.9-86.8%), respectively. Ash and crude fibers contents were (2.13-2.18%) and (6.05-6.9%), respectively. The dates were rich in carbohydrate (51.8–55.0% dry weight), while they contained low concentrations of protein and lipid (2.0–2.2% and 0.12–0.72%, respectively). Dates represented little amounts of vitamin-A (0.7-1.2 mg%) and vitamin-C (0.7-0.9 mg%). High source of energy, as 100gm of date flesh can provide an average between (226.49-241.79) kcal. 11 minerals were determined from dates by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The predominant mineral was potassium (460-680 mg%). They contained low content of sodium (0.6-1.0 mg%). Rich source of calcium (51-60 mg%), phosphorus (52-60 mg%), magnesium (48-53 mg%) were found. Good source of iron (0.79-0.90 mg%), manganese (0.85-1.1 mg%), zinc (0.69-0.72 mg%), copper (0.32-0.36 mg%), chromium (0.36-0.42 mg%) and selenium (0.22-0.31 mg%) were found.
Keywords
Nutritional Values, Source of Energy, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Potassium and Calcium
To cite this article
Sultana Parvin, Dilruba Easmin, Afzal Sheikh, Mrityunjoy Biswas, Subed Chandra Dev Sharma, Md. Golam Sarowar Jahan, Md Amirul Islam, Narayan Roy, Mohammad Shariar Shovon, Nutritional Analysis of Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Perspective of Bangladesh, American Journal of Life Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 274-278. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.20150304.14
References
[1]
Vayalil, P. K. (2002). Antioxidantandant imutagenic properties of aqueous extract of date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L. Arecaceae). J. Agric. Food Chem., 50: 610–17
[2]
M. Al-Farsi, C. Alasalvar, A. Morris, M. Baron, F. Shahidi (2005). Comparison of antioxidant activity, anthocyanins, carotenoids, and phenolics of three native fresh and sun-dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Oman J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, pp.
[3]
Al-Shahib, W. and R. J. Marshall (2003a).The fruit of the date palm: it’s possible use as the best Emir. J. Food Agric. 2012. 24 (5): 371-385 http://ejfa.info/ 383 food for the future. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 54:247-259.
[4]
Al-Shahib, W. and R. J. Marshall (2003b). Fatty acid content of the seeds from 14 varieties of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Int. J. Food Sci. Tech. 38:709-712.
[5]
Augstburger, F., J. Berger, U. Censkowsky, P. Heid, J. Milz and C. Streit (2002). Date Palm. Naturland. Germany .
[6]
Salem and Hegazi Salem. S. A.and Hegazi. S.M.(1971). Chemical composition of the Egiptian dry dates, journal of the science of Food and Agriculture. 22: 632-633.
[7]
Lambiote B. (1982). Some aspects of the role of dates in human nutrition. In: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Date Palm. Saudi Arabia: King Faisal University.
[8]
Duke J.A. (1992). Handbook of Phytochemicals of GRAS Herbs and Other Economic Plants. Boca Raton FL: CRC Press.
[9]
Miller C.J., Dunn E.V. and Hashim I.B. (2003). The glycaemic index of dates/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates ‘the candy that grows on tress’? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 57: 247–430.
[10]
Mansouri A., Embarek G., Kokkalou E. and Kefalas P. (2005). Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of the Algerian ripe date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylefera). Food Chemistry 89: 411–420
[11]
AOAC. (1990). Official methods of analysis. 13th edition, Association of official analytical chemists, Washington DC
[12]
Bligh EG and Dyer WJ (1959). Total lipid extraction and purification, Can J Biochem and Physio. 37 (8):911-917
[13]
Lowery, O.H.,N.J. Rosenbrough, A.L Farr and RJ. Rendall (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin Phenol reagent, Biol, Chem. 183: 265-275.
[14]
Jayaraman J. (1981). Laboratory Manual in Biochemistry (1st ed). Wiley Estern Ltd. New Delhi, India.
[15]
Loomis, W.A. and C.A. Shull (1927). Methods in plant physiology. McGraw-Hill, New York.
[16]
Miller GL. (1972). Use of dinitrosalicyclic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar, Anal. Chem. 31: 426-428.
[17]
Rangama, S. (1979). Manual of analysis of Fruits and Vegetable products, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd. New Delhi.
[18]
Bessey, O.A. and C.G. king (1993). The distribution of Vitamin-C in plant and animal tissues and its determination. S. Biol. chem..103:687.
[19]
Crisan EV, Sands A (1978). Nutrition value In: Biology and cultivation of Edibles Mushrooms, edited by Chang ST and Hayes WA, New York, Academic Press. pp. 137-168.
[20]
Sawaya, W., A. Miski, J. Khalil, H. Khatchadonian, 1983. Physical and chemical characterization of the major date varieties grown in Saudi Arabia; I Morphological measyrements, proximate and mineral analyses. Date Palm Journal. 2:1-25.
[21]
Hayet Chibane (2007). Some physic chemical and morphological characteristics of three varieties of Algerian common dates. European journal of scientific research.vol.18 no.1, pp.134-140.
[22]
Fouteye M. Mohammed Lemine, Abdoulaye Samb, Zein el Abidine O. Bouna, Mohammed Vall O, Mohammed Ahmed, Taleb-khyr O. Djeh and Ali O. Mohammed Salem O. Boukhary (2014). Assessment of physic-chemical diversity in fruit of Mauritanian date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 9 (28), pp.2167-2176.
[23]
El-Sohaimy, S.A. and E.E. Hafez, 2010. Biochemical Chemical composition and characteristics of the and Nutritional Characterizations of Date Palm Fruits dietary fibre. Food Chemistry, 111: 676-682. (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Journal of Applied Sciences
[24]
Al-Hooti, S., S. Jiuan and H. Quabazard (1995). Studies on the physico-chemical characteristics of date fruits of five UAE cultivars at different stages of maturity. Arab Gulf J. 13:553-569
[25]
Yusif AK,Benjamin ND, Kado A, Alddin SM and Ali SM (1982), Chemical composition of four Iraqi date cultivars, Date Palm J, 1,285-294.
[26]
Gamal A. El-Sharnouby , Salah M. Al-Eid and Mutlag M. Al – Otaibi 1 (2009).Utilization of enzymes in the production of liquid sugar from dates. African Journal of Biochemistry Research Vol.3 (3), pp.041-047.
[27]
Borchani, C., S. Besbes, C. Blecker, M. Masmoudi, pests in Nigeria. In: Proceedings of the Date R. Baati and H. Attia, 2010. Chemical properties of Eleven date cultivars and their corresponding fiber extracts. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9: 4096-4105
[28]
Eman Abdul Rahman Assirey (2015), Nutritional composition of 10 date palm (Phoenix dattylifera) cultivars grown in Saudi Arabi. Journal of Taibah University for science. Volume 9, Issue 1, jan 2015, pages 75-79.
[29]
Al-Farsi MA Lee CY (2008). Nutritional and functional properties of dates; a review. Crit Rev. Food sci Nutr, 48(10):877-87
[30]
Barreveld, W.H. 1993. Date-Palm Products. Bulletin No 101. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organizationof the United Nations
[31]
Spiller, G. A. 1993. CRC Handbook of Dietary Fibre in Human Nutrition, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
[32]
Omowunmi Sola and Agboola and Ayoade Lateef Adejumo (2013). “Nutritional Composition of the Fruit of the Nigerian Wild Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera”. World Journal of Dairy and Food Sciences 8(2): 196-200.
[33]
Al-Hooti, S. N., J. S. Sidhu, J. M. Al-Saqer and A. Al-Othman (2002). Chemical composition and quality of date syrup as affected by pectinase/cellulase enzyme treatment. Food Chem. 79:215-220.
[34]
Saada M Al-Orf1; Mona H M Ahmed1,2; North Al-Atwail; Huda Al-Zaidi3; Asma Dehwah3 and Sumayyah Dehwah3 (2012). Review: Nutritional properties and Benefits of the Date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera). Bulletin of the National Nutrition Institute of the Arab Republic of Egypt, (39) 97.
[35]
Abdelbasset EI Hadrami and Jameel M, Al-Khayri (2012). Emirates Journal of food and agric. 24(5) :371-385.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931