Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Yeast Extract Powder After the Biofield Energy Treatment
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 387-394
Received: Oct. 24, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 3, 2015;
Published: Dec. 21, 2015
Views 11809 Downloads 77
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Alice Branton, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Dahryn Trivedi, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Gopal Nayak, Trivedi Global Inc., Henderson, NV, USA
Khemraj Bairwa, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
Yeast extract powder (YE powder) is particularly used in culture media for the cultivation of microorganisms found in milk or other dairy products. The present study was intended to explore the influence of biofield energy treatment on the physicochemical and spectral properties of YE powder. The study was accomplished in two groups; first group was remained as control, while another was subjected to Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment and termed as the treated group. Afterward, both the samples were evaluated using several analytical techniques. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) study showed the halo patterns of XRD peaks in both the samples. This indicated the amorphous nature of the samples. The particle size study revealed the 4.77% and 26.28% increase d50 (in the average particle size) and d99 (particle size below that 99% particles are present), respectively of treated YE powder with respect to the control. The surface area analysis showed the 14.06% increase in the specific surface area of treated sample with respect to the control. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis exhibited the 41.64% increase in the melting temperature of treated YE powder sample as compared to the control. The TGA/DTG analysis exhibited the increase in Tonset (onset temperature of thermal degradation) by 7.51% and 12.45% in first and second step of thermal degradation, respectively in the treated sample as compared to the control. Furthermore, the Tmax (maximum thermal degradation temperature) was increased by 4.16% and 24.79% in first and second step of thermal degradation, respectively in the treated sample with respect to the control. The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) study revealed the changes in the wavenumber of functional groups such as C-H (stretching) from 2895→2883 cm-1 and 2815→2831 cm-1, respectively; C-N from 1230→1242 cm-1; and C-O stretching from 1062-1147 cm-1→1072-1149 cm-1 of treated YE powder sample as compared to the control. The UV-vis spectroscopy showed the similar patterns of absorbance maxima (λmax) in both the control and treated samples. Therefore, the analytical results suggested the considerable impact of Mr. Trivedi’s biofield energy treatment on physicochemical and spectral properties of YE powder. The increase in Tonset and Tmax after the biofield treatment suggests that the treated YE powder might be more effective in culture medium than the control YE powder.
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi,
Physicochemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Yeast Extract Powder After the Biofield Energy Treatment, American Journal of Life Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 387-394.
Simpson RJ (2011) Preparation of extracts from yeast. Cold Spring Harb Protoc.
De Palma Revillion JP, Brandelli A, Zachia Ayub MA (2003) Production of yeast extract from whey using K. marxianus. Braz Arch Biol Technol 46: 121-127.
Nagodasithana T (1992) Yeast-derived flavors and flavor enhancers and their probable mode of action. Food Technol 46: 138-144.
Akiyama S, Doi M, Arai Y, Nakoa Y, Fukuda H (1975) Production of yeast biomass. US patent 3,909,532.
Kokate C, Jalalpure SS, Hurakadle PL (2011) Textbook of pharmaceutical biotechnology. Elsevier, India.
Basu S, Pal A, Desai PK (2005) Quality control of culture media in a microbiology laboratory. Ind J Med Microbiol 23: 159-163.
Tabish SA (2008) Complementary and alternative healthcare: Is it evidence-based? Int J Health Sci (Qassim) 2: V-IX.
Rindfleisch JA (2010) Biofield therapies: Energy medicine and primary care. Prim Care 37: 165-179.
Moore RJ (2012) Handbook of pain and palliative care: Biobehavioral approaches for the life course. Springer science & business media, LLC, New York.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) An impact of biofield treatment: Antimycobacterial susceptibility potential using BACTEC 460/MGIT-TB system. Mycobact Dis 5: 189.
Patil SA, Nayak GB, Barve SS, Tembe RP, Khan RR (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and anatomical characteristics of Pogostemon cablin (Benth.). Biotechnology 11: 154-162.
Sances F, Flora E, Patil S, Spence A, Shinde V (2013) Impact of Biofield treatment on ginseng and organic blueberry yield. Agrivita J Agric Sci 35: 22-29.
Rubik B (1995) Energy medicine and the unifying concept of information. Altern Ther Health Med 1: 34-39.
Jahn RG, Dunne BJ (1988) Margins of reality: The role of consciousness in the physical world. San Diego, CA: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Rosch PJ (2009) Bioelectromagnetic and subtle energy medicine. The Interface between mind and matter. Longevity, regeneration and optimal health, New York Academy of Science.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Singh R, Jana S (2015) An impact of biofield treatment on spectroscopic characterization of pharmaceutical compounds. Mod Chem Appl 3: 159.
Trivedi MK, Nayak G, Patil S, Tallapragada RM, Jana S, et al. (2015) Bio-field treatment: An effective strategy to improve the quality of beef extract and meat infusion powder. J Nutr Food Sci 5: 389.
Chauhan A, Chauhan P (2014) Powder XRD technique and its applications in science and technology. J Anal Bioanal Tech 5: 212.
Gad SC (2008) Pharmaceutical manufacturing handbook: Production and processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication, New Jersey, USA.
Trivedi MK, Patil S, Mishra RK, Jana S (2015) Thermal and physical properties of biofield treated bile salt and proteose peptone. J Anal Bioanal Tech 6: 256.
Groza JR, Shackelford JF (2007) Materials processing handbook. Taylor and Francis group, CRC Press.
Suttiponparnit K, Jiang J, Sahu M, Suvachittanont S, Charinpanitkul T, et al. (2011) Role of surface area, primary particle size, and crystal phase on titanium dioxide nanoparticle dispersion properties. Nanoscale Res Lett 6: 27.
Paradkar AR, Bakliwal S (2008) Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics. (3rdedn), Pragati Books Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India.
Kumar S, Tsai CJ, Nussinov R (2000) Factors enhancing protein thermostability. Protein Eng 13: 179-191.
Qi WH, Wang MP (2004) Size and shape dependent melting temperature of metallic nanoparticles. Mater Chem Phys 88: 280-284.
DeVito SC, Farris CA (1997) Premanufacture notification: Chemistry assistance for submitters. John Wiley & Sons, INC., New York, USA.
Pavia DL, Lampman GM, Kriz GS (2001) Introduction to spectroscopy. (3rdedn), Thomson Learning, Singapore.
Smith BC (1998) Infrared spectral interpretation: A systematic approach. CRC Press.
Barth A (2000) The infrared absorption of amino acid side chains. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 74: 141-173.
Geetha SK, Perumal R, Babu SM, Anbarasan PM (2006) Habit modification and improvement in properties of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KAP) crystals doped with metal ions. Cryst Res Technol 41: 221-224.