Evaluation of Adding Potassium Iodide and Thyroxin to Sea bream (Sparus aurata) Fingerlings Diets Containing Fenugreek as a Growth Promoter
American Journal of Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015, Pages: 53-61
Received: Sep. 20, 2015; Accepted: Sep. 22, 2015; Published: Nov. 29, 2015
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Authors
Ashraf El-Dakar, Quaculture Department, Faculty of Fish Resources Suez University, Suez
Shymaa Shalaby, Quaculture Department, Faculty of Fish Resources Suez University, Suez
Bahig Nemetalla, Hysiology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Alexandria University, Edfina
Norhan Saleh, Ish Nutrition Lab. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Eman Sakr, Ish Nutrition Lab. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Mohamed Toutou, Ish Nutrition Lab. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
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Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of addition of potassium iodide and thyroxin to sea bream fingerlings diets containing fenugreek as growth promoter on growth performance, feed utilization, body composition, biometric measurements indices, some serum constituents and histological characteristics of sea bream intestine. The 1st group was considered as a control which fed on the basal diet (C) for 84 days. The experiment was designed to determine the effects of using 2% fenugreek/kg diet (F), 2% fenugreek+0.05mg thyroxin/kg diet (FT4), and 2% fenugreek+0.1g potassium iodide /kg diet (Fi). The results of the present study showed that the best growth performance and feed utilization values were recorded in fish fed diets supplemented with F. The lowest growth performance and feed utilization values were recorded in fish fed diet supplemented with iodine when compared with corresponding values in case of C group. Histological analysis showed satisfactory values in F and FT4 groups compared to the control.
Keywords
"Sparus aurata, fenugreek, Iodine, Thyroxin, Growth, Feed Utilization, Body Composition, Serum Constituents, Middle Intestine Morphology "
To cite this article
Ashraf El-Dakar, Shymaa Shalaby, Bahig Nemetalla, Norhan Saleh, Eman Sakr, Mohamed Toutou, Evaluation of Adding Potassium Iodide and Thyroxin to Sea bream (Sparus aurata) Fingerlings Diets Containing Fenugreek as a Growth Promoter, American Journal of Life Sciences. Special Issue: New Horizons in Basic and Applied Zoological Research. Vol. 3, No. 6-1, 2015, pp. 53-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajls.s.2015030601.18
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