Wheat Crop Response to Liming Materials and N and P Fertilizers in Acidic Soils of Tsegede Highlands, Northern Ethiopia
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages: 126-135
Received: Jun. 2, 2013;
Published: Jun. 20, 2013
Views 3437 Downloads 242
Abreha Kidanemariam, School of Natural Resource Management and Environmental Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Heluf Gebrekidan, School of Natural Resource Management and Environmental Science, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia
Tekalign Mamo, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Kindie Tesfaye, CIMMYT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
A greenhouse experiment was carried out on acidic soils collected from the Tsegede highlands of northern Ethiopia, where wheat production is severely constrained by soil acidity, to evaluate wheat crop response to the applications of liming materials (Wukro lime and Sheba lime) and N and P fertilizers. Three lime sources (without lime, Wukro lime and Sheba lime) and four N and P fertilizers (without N and P, recommended N, recommended P and recommended N + recommended P) were arranged in a factorial experiment using randomized complete block design with four replications. The results indicated that yield and yield attributes of wheat showed significant (P ≤ 0.01) response to the main effects of lime and fertilizer applications. Similarly, fertilizer by lime interaction effect was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) different in grain yield, total biomass and N and P uptakes. The soils which received only recommended N + recommended P fertilizers (NP), Wukro lime and Sheba lime showed significant grain yield increment by about 78, 76 and 96% over the control, respectively. However, the applications of NP + Wukro lime and NP + Sheba lime augmented grain yield by 239 and 233%, respectively, over the control plot. Likewise, N uptakes were enhanced by about 66, 80 and 81% and P uptakes by 93, 91 and 93% in the soils which received only NP, Wukro lime and Sheba lime over the control while the application of NP + Wukro lime and NP + Sheba lime increased N uptakes by 241 and 237% and P uptakes by 451 and 471% over the control, in that order. The highest agronomic efficiency and apparent recovery efficiency were also recorded in the soils treated with Wukro and Sheba limes along with only recommended P and NP fertilizers, respectively. Hence, a combined application of adjusted lime rate and NP fertilizers are recommended to achieve sustainable wheat crop production on acidic soils of the Tsegede highlands.
Wheat Crop Response to Liming Materials and N and P Fertilizers in Acidic Soils of Tsegede Highlands, Northern Ethiopia, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2013, pp. 126-135.
G. Hailu. Wheat Production and Research in Ethiopia. University of Maryland. 2004.
ECSA (Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency). The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Central Statistical Agency. Agricultural sample survey, volume I, report on area and production of major crops, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia. 2011.
S.T. Alemayehu, Dorosh P. and A. Sinafikeh. Crop Production in Ethiopia: Regional Patterns and Trends. Development Strategy and Governance Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Ethiopia Strategy Support Program II, ESSP II Working Paper No. 0016. 2011.
D. Abdenna, Negassa, C.W. and G.Tilahun. Inventory of soil acidity status In: Crop Lands of Central and Western Ethiopia. "Utilisation of diversity in land use systems: Sustainable and organic approaches to meet human needs" Tropentag, October 9-11, 2007, Witzenhausen.
B. Taye. An overview of acid soils their management in Ethiopia paper presented in the third International Workshop on water management (Waterman) project, September, 19-21, 2007, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
N. K. Fageria and V. C. Baligar. Fertility Management of Tropical Acid Soils for Sustainable Crop Production In: Soils for Sustainable Crop Production. Zdenko Rengel, eds. Handbook of Soil Acidity. New York. 2003. Pp. 332-334.
N. K. Fageria and V. C. Baligar. Nutrient availability. In: Encyclopedia of soils in the environment, D. Hillel, Ed., San Diego, CA: Elsevier. 2005.
S.A. Barber. Liming materials and practices. In: Soil acidity and liming. Adams, F. (ed.). American Society of Agronomy, Inc., Madison, WI. 1984.
C. Peter, K. Quirine and M. Hunter. Nutrient Management Spear Program. Cornell University, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Department of crop and soil science. 2006. Fact sheet 7. http://nmsp.css.cornell.edu
O. T. William. Lime Rate Adjustments Based on RNV and Depth. 1999. Vol. 20, No. 1.
R. D. Dorivar. Lime Can Improve Acid Soils for Optimum Wheat Production. Kansas Wheat Commission and the Kansas Association. 2009.
M. Robert, E. Lentz and M. Watson. Extension Fact Sheet, AGF-505-07. Ohio State University. 2007. at: http://ohioline.osu.edu
P.V. Straaten. Rocks for Crops: Agrominerals of sub-Saharan Africa. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya. 2002. pp. 338.
TARI (Tigray Agricultural Research Institute). Progress report. Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Mekele, Ethiopia. 2008.
Z. Gete, Getachew A., A. Dejene and S. Rashid. Fertilizer and Soil Fertility Potential in Ethiopia: Constraints and Opportunities for Enhancing the System. Working Paper, International Food Policy Research Institute. 2010.
Tsegede Agricultural and Rural Development Office. Annual report. Ketema Nugus. 2008.
J. Hart. Fertilizer and lime materials. Fertilizer Guide FG52, Oregon State University Extension service, USA. 1998.
V. C. Baligar and R. R. Duncan. Crops as Enhancers of Nutrient Use. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 1990.
N. K. Fageria, V. C. Baligar and C. A. Jones. Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops 2nd edition Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. 1997a.
V. C. Baligar, N. K. Fageria and M. A. Elrashidi. Toxicity and nutrient constraints in root growth. Hort. Sci. 36: 960 –965. 1998.
FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization). Soils Map of the World 1:5,000,000. FAO/UNESCO, Rome, Italy. 1981.
P. R. Day. Particle fraction and particle size analysis. In: Black CA et al. (Eds). Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison. 1965. Pp. 545 -567.
V. C. Jamison, H. H. Weaver and I. F. Reed. A hammer-driven soil core sampler. Soil Sci. 69:487– 496. 1950.
M. Peech. Hydrogen ion activity. In: Black CA et al. (Eds).Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison. Pp. 914-926. 1965.
A. Walkley and C. A. Black. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and proposed modification of the proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 37: 29 - 38. 1934.
J.M. Bremner. Total nitrogen. In: Black CA et al. (eds). Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. American Society of Agronomy, Madison. Pp. 1149 -1178. 1965.
R.H. Bray and L.T. Kurtz. Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci. 59:39–45. 1945.
M.E. Summer. Determination of exchangeable acidity and exchangeable Al using 1 N KCl, in S.J. Donohue, Ed., Reference Soil and Media Diagnostic Procedures for the Southern Region of the United States, Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin Number 374, Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, VPI & SU, Blacksburg. 1992. Pp.41–42.
M. Pansu, J. Gautheyrou, J.Y. Loyer. Soil analysis – sampling instrumentation and quality control. Balkema, Lisse, Abingdon, Exton, Tokyo, 2001. 489 p.
H. D. Chapman. Cation exchange capacity by ammonium saturation. In: C.A. Black (eds.) Methods of Soil Analysis. Agron. Part II, No. 9, Am. Soc. Agron. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. 1965. Pp. 891- 901.
P. R. Hesse. A Text Book of Soil Chemistry Analysis. John Murray Ltd. London. 1971. Pp. 120-309.
J.W. Yule and G.A.Swamson. A rapid method for decomposition and the analysis of silicates and carbonates by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry; Atomic Absorption Newsletter. 1969. V.8, PP.30-31.
I. B. Issam and H. S. Antoine. Methods of analysis for soils of arid and semi-arid regions, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome. 2007.
NRCCA (Northeast Region Certified Crop Adviser). Soil Fertility & Nutrient Management – Study Guide, Cornell University. 2008.
M. K. Quirine, W. S. Reid and K. J. Czymmek. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences. Cornell University, Extension Series E06-2. 2006.
R.J. Buresh, E.R. Austin and E.T. Craswell. Analytical methods in N-15 research. Fert. Res. 3:37-62. 1982.
H.D. Chapman and P.F. Pratt. Methods of Analysis for Soils, Plants and Waters, Division of Agricultural Science, University of California, Berkeley. 1982.
S.R. Olsen and L.E. Sommers. Phosphorus. In:Page, A.L., et al.(Eds.), Methods of soil analysis, second ed., part 2. American Society of Agron, Ph.D. Thesis, Madison, I, Pp. 403-430. 1982.
N. K. Fageria and M.P.B. Filho. Dry matter and grain yield, nutrient uptake, and phosphorus use efficiency of lowland rice as influenced by phosphorus fertilization. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., 38:1289–1297. 2007.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). SAS Version 9.1.3. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA. 2002.
Z. Pervaiz, H. Khadim, S.S.H. Kazmi and K.H. Gill. Agronomic Efficiency of Different N: P Ratios in Rain Fed Wheat. Int. J. Agri. Biol., Vol. 6, No. 3. 2004.
T. Muraoka. Uso de técnicas isotópicas em fertilidade do solo, Metodologia de pesquisa em fertilidade do solo (Oliveira, A.J., Garrido, W.E., Araujo, J.D. de, Lourenço, S., Eds.), EMBRAPA, SEA, Brasilia. 1991. Pp. 255–273.
S. B. Nanthi and J. H. Mike. Role of carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur cycles in soil acidification. In: Zdenko Rengel, eds. Hand book of soil acidity. University of Western Australia Perth, Western Australia Australia. 2003. Pp.42 – 43.
E. J. Kamprath and C.D. Foy. Lime-fertilizer plant interactions in acid soils. In: Fertilizer technology and use. 3rd Edition, SSSA, Madison WI, USA. 1985. Pp. 91-151.
A. Abay. The Influence of Applying Lime and NPK Fertilizers on Yield of Maize and Soil Properties on Acid Soil of Areka, Southern Region of Ethiopia. Innovative Systems Design and Engineering ISSN 2222-1727, Vol 2, No 7. 2011.
N. K Fageria, V. C. Baligar and R.J. Wright. Influence of phosphate rock sources and rates on rice and common bean production in an axisol In:Wright, R.J.,R.J.Baligar and V.C.Murrmann,(eds.),plant and soil interaction at low pH, phosphorus Kluwer Acedemic Publisher, 1991. Pp.539-546.
B. Upjohn, F. Greg and M. Conyers. Soil acidity and liming. Agfact AC.19, 3rd edition, Wagga Agricultural Institute, NSW Department of Primary Industries, State of New South Wales. 2005.
D. R. Parker, T. B. Kinraide and L. W. Zelazny. Aluminum speciation and phytotoxicity in dilute hydroxy-aluminum solutions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 52, 438-444. 1988.
T. W. Crawford. Solving Agricultural Problems Related to Soil Acidity in Central Africa’s Great Lakes Region. CATALIST Project Report an International Center for Soil Fertility and Agricultural development, Muscle Shoals, Albama, USA. 2008.
R. L. Donahue, R. W. Miller and J. C. Shickluna. Soils, an introduction to soils and plant growth. 5th ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 1983. 667p.
H. Ukrainetz. Long term effects of liming an acid Scott loam on yield and phosphorus nutrition of wheat and barley. Pages 254–265 in Proc. Soils and Crops Workshop, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK. 1984.
H. C. Gooijer de, Rostad, H. P. W. and P. M. Krug. Liming acid soils in west central Saskatchewan. Pages 465–476 in Proc. Soils and Crops Workshop, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK. 1987.
N. K. Fageria, V. C. Baligar, and R. J. Wright. Soil environment and root growth dynamics of field crops. Recent Res. Dev. Agron. 1: 15–58. 1997b.