Effect of Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Irrigation for Boro Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages: 86-92
Received: Feb. 18, 2014;
Published: Mar. 20, 2014
Views 3498 Downloads 368
Md. Redwanur Rahman, Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Sheikh Helena Bulbul, Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
A field experiment was conducted at the Bangladesh Rice Research Institute to find out possible effects of alternate wetting and drying irrigation (AWDI) on the yield, water use and water use efficiency (WUE) of Boro rice. The experimental plots were laid out with 2 factors RCBD combining two modern varieties of rice viz., BRRI dhan29 and BRRI hybrid2, which received four irrigation treatments randomly and was replicated thrice. The treatments ranged from continuous submergence (T1) of the field to a number of delayed irrigations (T2, T3 and T4) denoting application of 5cm irrigation water when water level in the perforated PVC pipe fell 15, 20 and 25cm below ground level (G.L.), respectively. The study revealed that treatment T1 attributed by the highest total water use (122.2cm) and the lowest WUE (84.34kg/ha/cm) produced the lowest grain yield (4.71t/ha). Treatment T2, on the contrary, gave the highest yield (5.69 t/ha) and consequently the second highest WUE (85.55 kg/ha/cm) indicating quite a large water saving (15cm) compared to treatment T1. The yields in treatments T3 (5.45 t/ha) and T4 (5.27 t/ha) were significantly lower at 1% level of significance compared to that of treatment T1. Significant effect was found either for the treatment or for the varieties on the number of effective and total tillers hill -1, plant height, number of effective tillers hill-1, grain yield, straw yield, biological yield and harvest index.
Md. Redwanur Rahman,
Sheikh Helena Bulbul,
Effect of Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Irrigation for Boro Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2014, pp. 86-92.
S.I. Bhuiyan, "Water management in relation to crop production: Case study on rice" Outlook on Agriculture. 1992. vol. 21, pp293-299.
P.K. Sharma, "Effect of Period Moisture Stress on Water-use Efficiency in Wetland Rice" Oryza, 1989, vol. 26, pp252-257.
W.D. Ruckelshaus, "Toward a sustainable world" Scientific American, 1989 vol. 261,3, pp.114 - 120
Government of Western Australia, "Hope for the Future: The Western Australian State Sustainability Strategy". Department of the Premier and Cabinet, Perth, Western Australia, 2003.
P. Rogers, K.F., Jalal and J.A. Boyd, "An Introduction to Sustainable Development, 2nd Ed., 2000, Earthscan, London, UK.
L. Feng, B.A.M. Bouman, T.P. Tuong, R.J. Cabangon, Y. Li, G.. Lu and Y. Feng "Exploring options to grow rice using less water in northern China using a modelling approach: I. Field experiments and model evaluation" Agricultural Water Management, 2007, Vol. 88, Issues 1–3, 16 March 2007, pp.1–13
B.A.M. Bouman, L. Feng and T.P. Tuong, G.L.H. Wang and Y. Feng, "Exploring options to grow rice under water-short conditions in northern China using a modeling approach. II: Quantifying yield, water balance components, and water productivity" Agricultural Water Management 2007, vol. 88, pp.23-33.
A.M. Shamsuddin, M.A. Islam and A. Hossain, "Comparative Studies on the Yield and Agronomic characters of nine Cultivars of Aus Rice" Bangladesh J. Agril. Sci., 1988 vol. 15,1 pp. 121-124.
M.J.U. Chowdhury, A.U. Sarker, M.A.R. Sarker and M.A. Kashem, "Effect of variety and number of seedling hill-1 on the yield and its components on late transplanted aman rice" Bangladesh J. Agric. Sci., 1993, vol. 20, pp. 311–316.
M.A. Hassan, M.A. Salam and M.R. Arsan, "Influence of certain factors on severity of stalk rot disease of grain sorghum in Upper Egypt. Aust J Agric Sci. 1996; vol. 27, 179–189.
S. Hatta, Water consumption in paddy field and water saving rice culture in the tropical zone. Japan Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 1967, vol.11, pp. 106-112.
D.F. Tabbal, R.M. Lampayan, and S.I. Bhuiyan, "Water-efficient irrigation technique for rice. In V. V. N. Murty, & K. Koga (Eds.), Soil and water engineering for paddy field management" Proceedings of the International Workshop on Soil and Water Engineering for Paddy Field Management, 1992, 28-30 January. Bangkok, Thailand: Asian Institute of Technology.
C.B. Singh, T.S. Aujla, B.S. Sandhu, and K.L. Khera, "Effects of transplanting data and irrigation regime on growth, yield and water use in rice (Oryza sativa) in northern India" Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1996, vol. 66, pp.137-141.
S.I. Bhuiyan and T.P. Tuong, "Water use in rice production: Issues, research opportunities and policy implications. Paper presented at the Inter-Center Water Management Workshop", 29-30 September 1995.Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Irrigation Management Institute. Geneva: 1996, World Health Organization.
V. Anbumozhi, E. Yamaji and T. Tabuchi, "Rice crop growth and yield as influenced by changes in ponding water depth, water regime and fertigation level" Agricultural Water Management, 1998, 37, 241- 253. doi:10.1016/S0378-3774(98)00041-9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(98)00041-9
Z. Mao, "Principle and technique of water saving irrigation for rice" Hubei Province, People’s Republic of China: 1993 Wuhan University of Hydraulic and Electric Engineering.
Z. Mao, "Environmental impact of water-saving irrigation for rice" In Irrigation scheduling: From theory to practice. Proceedings of the ICID/FAO Workshop on Irrigation Scheduling, Rome, Italy, 12-13 September 1995. Rome: FAO, 1996.
S. Keisuke, E. Yamaji, S. Sato, P.S. Budhiharto and M. Mizoguchi, "Sustainability of System of Rice Intensification: Benefits of SRI focusing on effects of intermittent irrigation on yield increase and water savings" In: Proceeding of PAWEES 2007 6th International Conference on Sustainable Rural Development and Management 18 October 2007. South Korea: Seoul National University, pp. 25-37.
G. Davids "Use of the Capital Intensive Irrigation Systems in Rice" Davids Engineering, 1998 Inc. California, USA.
Association-Tefy-Saina, "Couts de Revient Dans les Systmes de Riziculture Divers" Association Tefy Saina, 1995, National Workshop on SRI, Antananarivo.
H.W. Rakotomalala, "Comparison entre la Rizicullture Traditionnelle et le Systeme de Riziculture Intensive dans La Region de Ranomafana Science Agronomique" Antananarivo: Universite d'Antananarivo. September 2011 ISSN 1916-9752 E-ISSN 1916-9760, Journal of Agricultural Science, 1997, .vol. 3, 3.
N. Uphoff, "The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) as a methodology for reducing water requirements in irrigated rice production. Paper for International Dialogue on Rice and Water: Exploring Options for Food Security and Sustainable Environments" held at IRRI, 7-8 March 2006, Los Baños, Philippines.