Views 487 since Jun. 14, 2014 | Downloads 10 since Sep. 24, 2014 |
To cite this article
Luigi Maxmilian Caligiuri, Amrit Sorli, Gravity Originates from Variable Energy Density of Quantum Vacuum,
The physical understanding of the real mechanism of gravity is one of the most important questions in Physics. As we have already shown in a previous paper, the rest and relativistic mass of an elementary particle or body can be considered as having their origin in the diminished energy density of a Quantum Vacuum, characterized by a granular structure quantized through a Planck metric. The presence of massive bodies, from the scale of elementary particles to that of stellar objects and black holes, then determines Quantum Vacuum energy density gradients. In this paper we have proposed a novel physical model in which gravity is generated by the pressure of Quantum Vacuum in the direction of its own higher to lower density due to the presence of material objects or particles. In this picture gravity is an immediate and not – propagating action – at – a – distance interaction, resulting from the Quantum Vacuum dynamics, in turn related to fundamental properties of space itself only, not requiring the existence of the hypothetical graviton. Furthermore, the possibility to consider this Quantum Vacuum as a Bose – Einstein like condensate allows us to recover the large – scale description of the Universe consistent with General Relativity, viewed as the long – wavelength geometro – hydrodynamic limit of the Quantum Vacuum dynamics. The proposed model is also able to give a very simple explanation of: the equivalence between inertial and gravitational mass, the origin and dynamical behavior of dark matter and dark energy, the physical meaning of singularity in black hole, as well as to overcome some of the main difficulties of the Higgs model. Finally this model of gravity can be used as a starting point for a novel interpretation of the recently published data of BICEP2 radio telescope about the presumed indirect observation of gravitational wave
Gravity, Quantum Vacuum, Energy Density, Graviton, Gravitational Waves, Bose – Einstein Condensate, Dark Energy, Dark Matter
- T. Van Flander, “Physics has its principles”, Meta Res. Bull. , 9, 2000, 1 – 9.
- T. Van Flander, “The speed of gravity – What the experiments say”, Phys. Lett. A 250, 1998, 1 – 11.
-  F. Selleri, “Non – invariant one – way velocity of light”, Found. Phys. 26, 1996, 641 – 664.
- L. M. Caligiuri, A. Sorli, “Special Theory of Relativity Postulated on Homogeneity of Space and Time and on Relativity Principle”, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 375-382. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20130206.25.
- F. Selleri, Space, “Time and their transformations”, Chinese journal of Systems, Engineering and Electronics, Special issue on Space, Time and Motion – Theory and Experiment, 1995, 6(4): 25 – 44.
- S. F. Timashev, “Physical vacuum as a system manifesting itself on various scales – from nuclear physics to cosmology”, arXiv:1107.1799v7, 2011.
- L. M. Caligiuri, A. Sorli, “Relativistic energy and mass originate from homogeneity of space and time and from Quantum Vacuum energy density”, American Journal of Modern Physics. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, pp. 51-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmp.20140302.14
- N. T. Roseveare, Mercury's Perihelium from Le Verrier to Einstein. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1982.
- T. Jaakkola, “Action – at – a Distance and Local Action in Gravitation: Discussion and possible Solutions of the Dilemma”, Apeiron, vol. 3, n. 3-4, July – Oct, 1996, pp. 61 – 76.
- M. W. Friedlander, A Thin Cosmic Rain: Particles from Outer Space, Harvard University Press, Harvard, 2002.
- CMS Collaboration, “Observation of a new boson at a mass of 125 GeV with the CMS experiment at the LHC”. Physics Letters B, Volume 716, Issue 1, 17 September 2012, pp. 30–61.
- F. Wilczek, “Origins of Mass”, arXiv:1206.7114v2, 2012.
- A. Loinger, “Vain is the pursuit of gravity waves”, arXiv:astro-ph/9912507v1, 1999.
- A.Loinger, “On PSR1913+16”, arXiv:astro-ph/0002267, 2000.
- A. Loinger, “Non-existence of gravitational waves. The stages of the theoretical discovery (1917-2003)”, arXiv: physics/0312149, 2003.
- A. Loinger, “Einsteinian Manifolds and Gravitational Waves”, arXiv:0711.3835v1, 2007.
- A. Loinger, T. Marsico, “On the LIGO-VIRGO search of coalescing - binary signals”, arXiv:1205.3158v1, 2012.
- BICEP2 2014 Results Release, http://bicepkeck.org.
- N. Okabe et al., “LoCuSS: The Mass Density Profile of Massive Galaxy Clusters at z=0.2”, Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 769, n. 2, Article ID 35, 2013. Iopscience.org/2014 – 8205/769/2/L35/.
- M. Arcidiacono et al., “Cosmic Dark Radiation and Neutrinos”, arXiv: 1307.0637, 2013.
- Yu. B. Zeldovich. Zh. Eksp. & Teor. Fiz. Pis’ma 6, 883, 1967.
- A. D. Sakarov, “Vacuum Quantum Fluctuations in Curved Space and the Theory of Gravitation”, General Relativity and Gravitation 2, 32, 2000.
- L.M. Caligiuri, “The emergence of spacetime and gravity: Entropic of Geometro-Hydrodynamic process? A comparison and critical review”, Quantum Matter, special Issue “The quantum world and the geometry of space”, Volume 3, Number 3, June 2014 , pp. 249-255(7).
- L. B. Cohen. The Newtonian Revolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1980.
- H. Arp. Quasars, Redshifts and Controversies. Interstellar Media, Berkeley, 1997.
- T. Jaakkola et al. Astron. Nachr. 300, 229, 1979.
- H. E. Puthov, “Polarizable-Vacuum (PV) representation of general relativity”, Found. of Phys. 32 (6):927-943, 2002.
- A. Sorli, “Relative velocity of material change into a 3D Quantum Vacuum”, Journal of Advanced Physics 1, 1-3, 2012.
- I. Newton, The Third Book of Optics, http://www.newtonproject.sussex.ac.uk, 1718.
- L.M. Caligiuri, P.M. Gensini, R. Hurtado, G. Violini, “Recientes desarrolos y perspectivas de la fisica de las interacciones Kaòn Nucleòn a las energias bajas e intermedias”, Revista Colombiana de Fisica, vol. 38, 2006, pp. 1635 – 1642.
- NASA, http://map.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html, 2013.
- C. Pethick and H. Smith. Bose – Einstein condensation in diluited gas, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002.
- American Journal of Mechanics and Applications
- American Journal of Physics and Applications
- International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Applications
- Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry
- American Journal of Chemical Engineering
- American Journal of Electromagnetics and Applications
- American Journal of Nano Research and Application
- American Journal of Applied Chemistry
- International Journal of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry
- American Journal of Civil Engineering
- Modern Chemistry
- International Journal of High Energy Physics
- Science Journal of Chemistry
- American Journal of Optics and Photonics
- American Journal of Physical Chemistry