Statistical Analysis of Urban Quality of Life (Case Study: Hawassa Town, SNNP Region, Ethiopia)
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 547-554
Received: Oct. 14, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 26, 2015; Published: Nov. 19, 2015
Views 5338      Downloads 173
Authors
Natnael Mamuye, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
Bute Gotu, Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The study on Quality of life in the cities of both developing and developed countries is gaining interest from a variety of disciplines and is becoming an important tool for policy evaluation, rating of cities, urban planning and management. Cities are the center of economy, politics, commerce and other activities, so it is necessary to analyze the conditions that contribute to the quality of urban life. This study is on urban quality of life of the residents in Hawassa city and its main purpose is to identify the factors that may affect the quality of life of Hawassa residents. For the study a cross sectional data from 570 heads of household which were selected based on stratified random sampling by making the seven sub cities in Hawassa as stratum was collected. Statistical methods such as descriptive statistics, factor analysis and binary logistic regression are used to analyze the data in the study. The principal component analysis revealed that six factors (dimensions) of quality of life were extracted from twenty subjective attributes and all of the factor scores are positively and significantly related to quality of life. Factor analysis also extracts six factors using fifteen objective attributes. Housing, length of residence, economic status, distance from educational center and religious place all have statistically significant impact on people’s quality of life in Hawassa. But access to public service is not significant predictor of quality of life of the residents in Hawassa. Housing, economic condition, environment, neighborhood safety and security, social connectedness and quality of public service are identified as dimensions of subjective quality of life of the residents in Hawassa. The paper also conclude that socio-economic affairs, access to public service, access to education, housing, access to religious place and length of residency are found to be the dimensions of the objective quality of life of the residents in Hawassa.
Keywords
Quality of Life, Subjective, Objective, Logistic Regression, Hawassa
To cite this article
Natnael Mamuye, Bute Gotu, Statistical Analysis of Urban Quality of Life (Case Study: Hawassa Town, SNNP Region, Ethiopia), American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 547-554. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20150406.26
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Andrews, F. M. & Withey, S. B: Social Indicators of Well-being: American’s Perception of Life Quality. New York, Plenum Press; 1976.
[2]
Foo,T.: Subjective Assessment of Urban Quality of Life in Singapore (1997-1998).Habitat International, 24(1):31-49; 2000.
[3]
Bradshaw, Y. and Fraser, E.: City Size, Economic Development and Quality Of Life in China: New Empirical Evidence, China; 1987.
[4]
Habtamu Wondimu: Quality of Life, Poverty and Inequality in Ethiopia;2000.
[5]
Aklilu Kidanu and Dessalegne Rahmato: Listening to the Poor. AA: FSS; 2000.
[6]
Aweke Abebaw: Statistical Analysis of Health Related Quality of Life of HIV Patients on ART in Hawassa University Referral Hospital: A Comparative Study to the General Population. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2010.
[7]
Abinet Alemayehu, Assefa Getachew, and Alemu Tadesse: Hawassa City Administration: 2002 Socio-economic Profile. Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2002.
[8]
Cochran, W.G.: Sampling Techniques. Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons (ASIA) pte Ltd., Singapore, pp. 428; 1977.
[9]
Elsa Sereke: Urban Quality of Life and its Spatial Distribution in Addis Abeba: Krikos Sub-city. M.Sc.Thesis, Department of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede University, Netherland; 2009.
[10]
Ibrahim,M. Chung,W: Quality of life of residents living near industrial states in singapore. Social Indicators Research, 61:207-225; 2003.
[11]
Matjoba S, Iman A, Amin M, Aram K, Ayda A: Analysis of subjective indicators of Quality of life in urban areas of Iran. Journals of research in humanities and social science, 3:39-46; 2015
[12]
Akram,A. Hojjat A, and Hossein G.: Analysis urban life quality, case study residents of Rostamabad City. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER),3:322-329; 2014
[13]
Carlos, M.: Quality of Life in Urban Neighborhoods in Colombia: The Cases of Bogotá and Medellín, Colombia; 2008.
[14]
Das, D.: Urban Quality of Life: A Case Study of Guwahati. Social Indicators Research, 88:297-310, Guwahati, India; 2008.
[15]
Sedigheh, L. and Karim, S.: An Assessment of Urban Quality Of Life by Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach: A Comparative Study of Quality of Life in the North of Iran. ISSN 1549-3652; 2009.
[16]
Javad, B. and Mohammed, A.: A comparative study of the quality of urban life: the case study of Mashhad neighborhoods. Journal of novel applied statistics, 9:387-397:2013.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186