Assessment of Stoke Patients: Occurrence of Unusually High Number of Haemorrhagic Stroke Casesin Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013, Pages: 94-100
Received: Aug. 10, 2013; Published: Sep. 20, 2013
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Authors
Chalachew Misganaw Alemayehu, Clinical Trial Department, Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Sofia Kebede Birhanesilasie, Tikur Anbessa Specialized hospital, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Introduction: Stroke is becoming a leading cause of death and adult disability in the developing world. The global burden of disease study indicates that 80% of stroke deaths occur in low- and middle-income regions. Objective: To assess the clinical characteristics and risk factors among patients presented with stoke in Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods and patients: This is a prospective cross sectional survey of all patients with stroke presenting to Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital for consecutive six months (November 2012-April 2013). The data included 114 stroke patients. Data of these patients was collected by an emergency medicine physician through a pre-designed questionnaire. Data was entered and analyzed by a computer software SPSS version 20. Monovariate analysis, bivariate analysis and multivariate analyses to control for confounder variables were done. CI which doesn’t contain 1 is significant. Result: Out of the total patients seen, 63 (55%) were females with females to males ratio of 1.23 to 1.One quarter of patients (25%) were below 34 years of age followed by age greater than 65 and 55-64 years with 21% and 23.6% score respectively. The major risk factors identified were hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus with 69.3 % and 14.9% respectively. Nine (7.8 %) were found to be both hypertensive and diabetic. Atrial fibrillation is the third risk factor associated with stoke with a frequency of 11.4%. More than half of our patients (55.3%) had hemorrhagic stroke. Majority of the patients presented with sever neurological manifestations; hemiplegic deficit by 67 (58.8%), asphyxia by 16% and coma by 15.8 %of patients. Only 46 (40.4%) were on treatment and 7% of patients presented within the first three (golden) hours of onset of their illness; the majority of patients (41.2%) presented after 48 hrs. of onset of their symptoms. Those patients who presented with hemorrhagic stroke were 2.8 times (AOR=2.8, 95% CI: 1.5-7.7) to be presented with hemiplegic deficit as compared to those patients with ischemic stroke. Conclusion and recommendation: Stroke happened more frequently in women than in men and the risks associated with increased age were not evident. The major risk factors identified were high blood pressure and diabetes and atrial fibrillation. Hemorrhagic stroke associated with sever neurological presentations were the most prevalent stroke sub-types. Education of the public on active screening and prompt treatment and sign and symptoms of stroke together with improving the quality of stroke management are very crucial
Keywords
Stroke, Hemiplegic Stoke, Risk Factors
To cite this article
Chalachew Misganaw Alemayehu, Sofia Kebede Birhanesilasie, Assessment of Stoke Patients: Occurrence of Unusually High Number of Haemorrhagic Stroke Casesin Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2013, pp. 94-100. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20130205.11
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