Patient Safety Culture and Application of Medication Safety Rules as Perceived by Nurses
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 5, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages: 52-58
Received: Mar. 19, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 25, 2016; Published: Apr. 8, 2016
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Authors
Sabah Mahmoud Mahran, Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
Sanaa Abd El Azim Ibrahim, Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Port Said University, Port Said, Egypt
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Abstract
Background: Patient safety is one of the biggest challenges in health care through providing safe, effective care, and one of the most significant areas of opportunity for improvement is medication safety, which is a top priority for patient harm prevention from medication errors. Aim: To assess nurses’ perceptions concerning patient safety culture and the applicability of medication safety rules. Design: A descriptive correlational design was utilized. Settings: Six hospitals affiliated to the Ministry of Health from three governorates in Egypt. Participants: A sample of 421 nurses was chosen from the selected hospitals to participate in a structured questionnaire dealing with twelve dimensions to determine the level of nurses’ awareness and their perceptions of patient safety culture, and the application of medication safety rules was measured by 99 questions under thirteen dimensions to collect the study data. The results revealed that only 26.13% of studied nurses indicated a high perception of overall patient safety culture, although 77.90% reported no adverse events during the last six months. Furthermore, 76.72% reported that they applied overall medication rules to prevent errors. Based on the study findings, it is recommended to develop strategies to disseminate patient safety culture and reduce punitive culture in health organizations, creating a climate of open communication and continuous learning. The development and optimizing of data collection and reporting systems and evidence-based programs for improving culture of patient safety in hospitals is necessary, and nurses must be encouraged to learn more about incident reports and how to write medication administration error reports.
Keywords
Patient Safety, Culture, Nurses, Medication Safety
To cite this article
Sabah Mahmoud Mahran, Sanaa Abd El Azim Ibrahim, Patient Safety Culture and Application of Medication Safety Rules as Perceived by Nurses, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20160502.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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