A Study of Salmonella Carriage among Asymptomatic Food-Handlers in Southern Ethiopia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013, Pages: 243-245
Received: Jul. 28, 2013; Published: Aug. 30, 2013
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130205.15      Views 562      Downloads 244
Misganaw Birhaneselassie, Hawassa University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, PO box 1560 Hawassa, Ethiopia
David Williams, Department on Microbiology and Infection Control, Nevill Hall Hospital, Abergavenny, Monmoutnshire NP7 7EG
Background: Salmonella is the most frequently reported cause of food borne illness in Ethiopia. Objective: The aim of this study was to screen food handlers in the Dilla area of Southern Ethiopia and to assess the scale of carriage of Salmonella species and to offer prophylaxis followed by re-testing and advice on personal and food hygiene as appropriate. Method: Stool samples were collected from a total of 107 food handlers from various establishments in the area. Enrichment culture using Selenite broth and sub-culture on to Deoxycholate Citrate agar was used followed by identification to genus level by use of a commercially available biochemical kit and polyvalent antisera. Result: Salmonella was isolated from one food handler only and this person could not be traced having left her employment and not having left a forwarding address. Conclusion: As food poisoning is a main issue in Ethiopia further epidemiological research, to monitor those found to be infected is mandatory.
Article Tools
Follow on us
Salmonella, Screening, Food handlers, Asymptomatic
To cite this article
Misganaw Birhaneselassie, David Williams, A Study of Salmonella Carriage among Asymptomatic Food-Handlers in Southern Ethiopia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2013, pp. 243-245. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130205.15
World Health Organization Manual for the laboratory identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial pathogens of public health importance in the developing world. Geneva: WHO; 2003: 382-381.
Lanata CF, Tafur C, Benavente L, Gotuzzo E, Camllo C. Detection of Salmonella typhi carriers in food handlers by vi serology in Lim, a Peru. Bull Pan Am Health Organ 1990; 24(2):177-82.
al-Lahham AB, Abdu- Saud M,Shehabi AA. Prevalence of Salmonella, Shigella and Intestinal parasites in food handlers in Irbid, Jordan. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1990; 8(4); 160-2.
World health organization. Health surveillance and management procedures of food-handling personnel. Geneva: WHO; 1989. p. 7-36.
Senthikumar B, Prabakaran G. Multi drug Resistant salmonella typhi in Asymptomatic Typhoid carriers among food handlers in Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu. Indian J Med Microbiology 2005; 23:92-94.
Muleta D, Ashenafi M. Salmonella, Shigella and growth potential of other food- borne pathogens in Ethiopia street vended foods. East African Medical Journal 78 (I I) November 2001
World Health Organization. International Travel and Health: WHO, 2010
Andargie G, Kassu A, Moges F, Tiruneh M, Henry K. Prevalence of Bacteria and Intestinal Parasites among Food-handlers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. J Health Popul Nutr 2008; 26(4):451-455.
Abera B, Biadegelgen F, Bezabih B. Prevalence of Salmonella typhi and intestinal parasites among food handlers in Bahir Dar Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Health Dev 2010; 24(1)
Yismaw G, Negeri C, Kassu A, Tiruneh M and Mulu A. Antimicrobial resistance pattern of Salmonella isolates from Gondar University Hosipital, North West Ethiopia. Ethiop Pharm J 2007; 25(2):85-90.
Catherine E, Woteki, Sandra L, Facinoli, Daniel S. Keep Food Safe to Eat Healthful food must be safe as well as nutritious. J. Nutr 2001; 1319 (2) 502-509.
PK Feglo, EH Frimpong, M Essel- Ahun. Salmonellae carrier status of food vendor in kumasi, Ghana. East African Medical Journal 2004; 81(7):358-361.
Desta M. "Prevalence of Salmonella and Shigella among Food Handlers in Catering Establishments in Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa University 2010’’ unpublished.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931