Impact of Food Intake on Nutritional Status, Serum Calcium and Serum Iron of Children from 0 to 5 Years in Abidjan
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 439-444
Received: May 22, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015; Published: Jun. 17, 2015
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Authors
Mohamed Ba Kone, Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Souleymane Traore, Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Kouakou Brou, Department of Food Sciences and Technology, Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Safety, Nangui Abrogoua University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to contribute to improve the nutritional status of children under 5 years old in six districts of the city of Abidjan (Abobo, Koumassi, Yopougon, Treichville, Marcory and Cocody). This study was conducted on a cohort of 480 children at the rate of 80 children per municipalities. The results showed a negative correlation (p <0.005) between the increase in macronutrient intake and prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition. The iron status of children is negatively affected by higher intakes of fiber, phytates and polyphenols (p <0.005). However, higher intakes of vitamin C and iron are associated with higher serum iron with respective positive correlation R2 = 0.903 for iron and R2 = 0.563 for vitamin C (p <0.005). Contrary to the serum iron, serum calcium concentrations remain constant regardless of the contributions in anti-nutritional factors and nutrients to improve it, such as vitamin C and calcium.
Keywords
Children, Food Intake, Nutritional Status, Serum Calcium, Serum Iron
To cite this article
Mohamed Ba Kone, Souleymane Traore, Kouakou Brou, Impact of Food Intake on Nutritional Status, Serum Calcium and Serum Iron of Children from 0 to 5 Years in Abidjan, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 439-444. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150404.14
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