Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages: 68-71
Received: Jan. 25, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 8, 2016; Published: Feb. 25, 2016
Views 3088      Downloads 80
Authors
Ndomou Mathieu, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Kotué Taptue Charles, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank, Specialised Center for Research on Palm Oil, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) of Dibamba, Dibamba, Cameroon
Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne, Department of Physiological and Biochemical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study aimed at evaluating fatty acids and tocopherol contents of oil palm extracted from fruits of three varieties of Elaeis guinensis jacq namely Tenera, Dura and Pisifera. Oil was extracted from mesocarp of cooked palm nuts using continuous device of soxhlet. Fatty acids contents were determined by gas chromatography of methyl esters and tocopherols were measured through High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that unsaturated fatty acids contents was more than 52% in crude oils from the first cycle palm oil and decrease significantly (P˂ 0, 05) in Dura second cycle oil. Changes occurred in fatty acids profile of Tenera and Dura. Ratio of polyunsaturated fatty acids over saturated fatty acids was higher in Pisifera (0.40). Total tocopherol contents of palm oil were more than 738 mg/Kg but decreased when passing from first to second cycle of the different varieties. Gamma-tocopherol was the most abundant isomer.
Keywords
Palm Oil, Selection, Fatty Acids, Tocopherol
To cite this article
Ndomou Mathieu, Kotué Taptue Charles, Ngando Ebongue Georges Frank, Ngogang Yonkeu Jeanne, Fatty Acids and Tocopherols Contents of Cameroon Oil Palm from Three Varieties of Elaeis guinensis jack, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, pp. 68-71. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.20
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Fournier, S., Peter, A., Claude, J., La transformation artisanale de l’huile de palme au Bénin et Nigeria. 34398, Montpellier Cedex 5, France. 139p (2001).
[2]
Roizen M. F., Martinez L. Purified palmitoleic acid for the reduction of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and serum lipids: A double-blinded, randomized, placebo controlled study. Journal of clinical lipidology. 8(6): 612-617 (2014).
[3]
Levin J., WWF-US. Profitability and Sustainability in Palm Oil Production. Analysis of Incremental Financial Costs and Benefits of RSPO Compliance. Report of WWF. 49p (2012).
[4]
Ngando Ebongue G. F., Mpondo Mpondo E. A., Dikotto Ekwe E. L., Koona P. Assessment of the quality of crude palm oil from smallholders in Cameroon. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research 2(3) 52-58( 2011).
[5]
Benard, Malingraux. La production de semences sélectionnées de palmier à huile à l’IRHO. Principe et réalisation. Oléagineux, 36: 297-302 (1965).
[6]
Adon B., Cochard B., Flori A., Potier F., Quencez D. G. T. Introgression de la croissance lente dans les populations améliorées de palmier à huile (E. guinensis jacq.). Forum Internatinal congress, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 22–26 (2001).
[7]
Cochard B., Adon B., Kouame K. R., Durand-Gasselin T. Intérêt des semences commerciales améliorées de palmier à huile (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Oléagineux, Corps Gras, Lipides. 8(6): 654-658. (2001).
[8]
Flood J., Mepsted R. Comparison of virulence of isolated of fusarium oxysporumf.sp. elaeidis from Africa and South America. Plant Pathol. 42: 168–171 (1993).
[9]
Cochard, B., Amblard P., Durand-Gasselin T. Oil palm genetic improvement and sustainable development. Oléagineux, Corps gras, Lipides. 12(02): 141-147 (2005).
[10]
Kritchevsky D., Tepper S. A., Czarnecki S. K., Sundram K. Red palm oil in experimental atherosclerosis. 2001 PIPOC international palm oil congress. Food technology and nutrition conference. 20-22 August 2001. 87-94 (2001).
[11]
Rukmini, C. 1994. Red palm oil to combat vitamin A deficiency in developing countries. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 15 (2): 126–129.
[12]
Nagendra B., Unitrans U. R., Choo Y. M., Sundran K. Characteristic of red palm oil, a carotene- and vitamin E-rich refined oil for food uses. Food and Nutrition Bulletin.124: 189–194 (2000).
[13]
FAO/WHO. Programme mis sur les normes alimentaires: commission du codex alimentarius. Graisse et Huile. Rome (Italie). 62p (1993).
[14]
Karsten H., Weylandt, S. S., Yong Q. C., Hui-Min S., Kyu L., Cittadini A., Calviello G. Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: The Way Forward in Times of Mixed Evidence. BioMed Research International. 2015. 24p. (2015).
[15]
Ravigadevi S. Kalyana S., Yem-Aitan Yew-Ai, T. Chemistry and biochemistry of palm oil. Progress in Lipid Research39: 507–558 (2000).
[16]
Gallais A., Amélioration des populations, méthodes de sélection et création de variétés. Ann. Amél. Plantes, 27:( 3). 281-330 (1977).
[17]
Durand-Gasselin, T., Kouame, K. R., Cochard B., Adon, B., Amblard P. Diffusion variétale du palmier à huile (Elaeis guineensis jacq). Oléagineux, Corps Gras, Lipides. 7: 207-214 (2000).
[18]
Durand-Gasselin T., Baudouin C., B., Adon B., Cao T. V. Stratégies d’amélioration génétiques du palmier à huile. Plantation Recherche Développement. 6: 344-353 (1999).
[19]
CNRA (Centre National de la Recherche Agronomique). Les programmes de recherche 2012–2015. Côte d’Ivoire. CNRA. p19. (2012)
[20]
Lago R. C. A., Hartman L. Directed interesterification of a brazilian palm oil and analysis of the original and interesterified oil and its fractions. J. Sci. Food Agric. 37: 689- 693 (1986).
[21]
Kazadi M., Kadima J. N., Kaaya A. N., Matthäus B. Van Damme P., Bashwira S., Mosibono D. E., Katula B., Mpiana P. Fatty acids and tocopherols content in fractionated oils from five wild oilseed plants Native to Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Kivu-DR Congo. European Journal of Medicinal Plant. 10(1): 1-9 (2015).
[22]
Choo N. M., Maan Y. M., Chuah, C., Hashim M. Separation of vitamin E (tocopherol, tocotrienol, and tocomonoenol) in palm oil. Lipids. 39(10): 1031–1035 (2004).
[23]
Saliha R., Syed T. R., Faizal A., Absar A., Shania A., Farzana M.. The role of Vitamin E in human health and some diseases. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 14(2): 157-165 (2014).
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186