Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices Among Mothers of Children Aged 6–23 Months in Two Agro-ecological Zones of Rural Ethiopia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 185-194
Received: Mar. 16, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 24, 2016; Published: Apr. 28, 2016
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Authors
Kedir Teji Roba, College of Health & Medical Science, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia; School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Thomas P. O’Connor, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
Tefera Belachew, Department of Population & Family Health, College of Public Health & Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Nora M. O’Brien, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
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Abstract
It is estimated that 6% of all deaths of under 5 years old children in developing countries can be prevented by appropriate complementary feeding, in particular good dietary diversity and meal frequency. The aim of this paper is to assess infant and young child feeding practices among mothers of children aged 6-23 months in rural Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study design was employed among mothers living in two agro-ecological zones. Trained data collectors conducted the interviews, anthropometric measurements, and the blood test for anaemia. To determine the predictors of minimum meal frequency, multivariable logistic regression models were used with 95% confidence intervals. We found that 95.4% of the children were breastfed, of whom 59.7% were initially breastfed within one hour after their birth, 83.3% fed on colostrum, 22.2% received pre-lacteal feeds and 50.9% of the children received complementary feedings by 6 months of age. In the 24 hours preceding the survey date, 39.8% of the children were fed using bottle; 4.6% and 1.9% of them consumed vitamin A-rich and iron-rich foods, respectively. Likewise 50.5%, 22.2%, and 12.0% of the children achieved minimum meal frequency, adequate dietary diversity and minimum acceptable diet, respectively. A significant proportion of children in the lowland fed on colostrum and had adequate dietary diversity compared to the midland agro-ecological zone. However, bottle feeding and minimum meal frequency were higher in the midland zone. There are also associations between the agro-ecological zones and initiation of breast feeding, pre-lacteal feeds, bottle and colostrum feeding. The predictors of poor minimum meal frequency were age of the child, being anaemic, stunting, while predictors of infant dietary diversity were maternal dietary diversity and age of the child. One out of nine children received appropriate diet for their age, which was very low. Mothers of child bearing age should be educated on the importance of infant and young child feeding.
Keywords
Complementary Feeding, Dietary Diversity, Minimum Acceptable Diet, Minimum Meal Frequency, IYCF, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Kedir Teji Roba, Thomas P. O’Connor, Tefera Belachew, Nora M. O’Brien, Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Practices Among Mothers of Children Aged 6–23 Months in Two Agro-ecological Zones of Rural Ethiopia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2016, pp. 185-194. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160503.16
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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