Immune Nutrient Content of Sea Urchin (Diadema setosum) Gonads
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages: 330-336
Received: Jul. 14, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 26, 2016; Published: Aug. 29, 2016
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Authors
Wa Ode Salma, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia
Sitti Wahyuni, Hasanuddin University Medical Research Centre, Makassar, Indonesia
Ilyas Yusuf, Pharmachology Laboratory, Pharmacy Academy of Bina Husada Foundation, Kendari, Indonesia
La Ode Muhammad Yasir Haya, Marine Science Department, Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty, Halu Oleo University, Kendari, Indonesia
Irawan Yusuf, Physiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
Suryani As´ad, Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
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Abstract
Over population of marine sea urchins (Diadema setosum) may disrupt the growth of Crustose coralline causing the reduction of coral reefs growth. Consumption of Diadema setosum gonads as the alternative food may assists to preserve the balance of coral reefs ecosystem. The Objective of this study was to measure and evaluate the nutrient content of the gonad of Diadema setosum. Mass spectrophotometer was used to measure vitamin and albumin contents, Kjeldahl methods for protein content, and Atomization method for trace elements (Fe, Mg, and Zn) content. The presence of active compounds such as steroids, amino acids and antioxidants were identified by thin-layer chromatograph (TLC). Protein, albumin, vitamin A, vitamin E and trace elements (Fe, Mg, and Zn) were found in the gonad of Diadema setosum. Vitamin E (23.47 mg) was the highest nutrient content compared to other nutrient elements. The extracts of the gonad of Diadema setosum were found to have steroid, amino acids and antioxidant compounds. Overall, nutrient contents and active compounds in the gonad of Diadema setosum are essential components needed for immune system, therefore besides its potency as alternative food source, gonad of Diadema setosum has potency to become the source of immune-nutrient.
Keywords
Diadema setosum, Gonad, Immune, Nutrient
To cite this article
Wa Ode Salma, Sitti Wahyuni, Ilyas Yusuf, La Ode Muhammad Yasir Haya, Irawan Yusuf, Suryani As´ad, Immune Nutrient Content of Sea Urchin (Diadema setosum) Gonads, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2016, pp. 330-336. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160505.13
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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