American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 36-40
Received: Mar. 11, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 22, 2015;
Published: Mar. 31, 2015
Views 3951 Downloads 225
Sukanta Saha, Department of Physical Education, Memari College, Memari, Burdwan, 713146, West Bengal, India
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of somatic and body composition variables on aerobic capacity among the male college students. Five hundred (250 trained and 250 untrained) young college levels male students (mean age 20.54 years) participated in this study. In order to evaluate the somatotype components (endomorphy, mesomorphy, ectomorphy) and body composition variables (body mass index, % body fat, lean body mass, % skeletal muscle mass, % skeletal mass and body surface area) researcher applied a testing procedure that included measurements of height (cm), body weight (kg), five muscle girths (upper arm, fore arm, chest, thigh and calf) in cm, four bone diameters (humerus, bistyloid, femur and bimalleolus) in cm, and eight skinfolds thickness (triceps, sub-scapular, suprailiac, pectoral, axilla, abdominal, thigh and calf) in mm. Estimation of aerobic capacity through V ̇O2max. Queen College Step Test was administered. A negative correlation was found between the body fat percentage and V ̇O2max. Also a negative correlation was found to V ̇O2max.with body surface area and endomorphy of both trained and untrained groups. The lean body mass, % skeletal muscle mass and mesomorphy components of somatotype have the greatest positive correlations with V ̇O2max.
Somatic and Body Composition Factors Underlying Aerobic Capacity, American Journal of Sports Science.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 36-40.
BERGH UB, EKBLOM B, ASTRAND PO. Maximal oxygen uptake classical versus contemporary viewpoints. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2000; 32:85-88.
BANDYOPADHYAY A, CHATTERJEE S. Body composition, morphological characteristics and their relationship with cardiorespiratory fitness. Ergonomics SA. 2003; 15: 19-27.
BISWAS R, SAMANTA A, CHATTERJEE S. Maximal aerobic capacity of Indian inland fishermen. Indian J Physiol& Allied Sci. 2004; 58: 70–79.
BUSKIRK E, TAYLOR HL. Maximal oxygen intake and its relation to body composition with special reference to chronic physical activity and obesity. J Appl Physiol. 1957; 11: 72-78.
KAYAR SR, HOPPELER H, JONES JH, LONGWORTH K, ARMSTRONG RB, LAUGHLIN MH, LINDSTEDT SL, BICUDO JE, GROEBE K, TAYLOR CR, WEIBEL ER. Capillary blood transit time in muscles in relation to body size and aerobic capacity. J. expt. Biol. 1994; 194: 69-81.
CHATTERJEE S, CHATTERJEE P, BANDYOPADHYAY A. Prediction of maximal oxygen consumption from body mass, height and body surface area in young sedentary subjects. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2006; 50(2): 181-186.
DAVIES MG, DALSKY G, VANDERBURGH P. Allometric scaling of V ̇O2max. by body mass and lean body mass in older men. J. Aging Phys. Act. 1995; 3: 324–331.
TOTH MJ, GORAN MI, ADES PA, HOWARD DB, POEHLMAN ET. Examination of data normalization procedures for expressing peak V ̇O2 data. J. Appl. Physiol. 1993; 75: 2288-2292.
KNIGHT DR, POOLE DC, SCHAFFARTZIK W, GUY HJ, PREDILETTO R, HOGAN MC, WAGNER PD. Relationship between body and leg V ̇O2max.during maximal cycle ergometer. J. Appl. Physiol. 1992; 73: 1114-1121.
LOFTIN M, SOTHERN M, TROSCLAIR L, O’HANLON A, MILLER J, UDALL J. Scaling V ̇O2 peak in obese and non-obese girls. Obes Res. 2001; 9: 290-296.
LEE CD, BLAIR SN, JACKSON AS. Cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and cardiovascular disease mortality in men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999; 69: 373-380.
LEE CD, JACKSON AS, BLAIR SN. US weight guidelines: Is it also important to consider cardiorespiratory fitness? Int J Obes. 1998; 22: 52-57.
ROSS WD, MARFELL-JONES MJ. Kinanthropometry. London: Human Kinetics, 1991.
JACKSON AS, POLLOCK ML. Generalized equations for prediction body density of men. Br. J. Nutr. 1978; 40: 497-504.
SIRI WE. Gross Composition of the Body. In: Advances in Biological and Medical Physics (Vol. IV). Lawrence, JH, and Tobias, CA, eds. New York: Academic Press, 1956.
POORTMANS JR, BOISSEAU N, MORAINE JJ, MORENO-REYES R, GOLDMAN S. Estimation of total body skeletal muscle mass in children and adolescents. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.2005; 37(2): 316-322.
DRINKWATER BL, NILSON K, CHESNUT CH, BREMNER WJ, SHAINHOLTZ S, SOUTHWORTH MB. Bone Mineral Content of Amenorrheic and Eumenorrheic Athletes. N Engl J Med. 1984; 311: 277-281.
MOSTELLER RD. Simplified calculation of body surface area. N Eng J Med. 1987; 317: 1098.
CARTER L, HEATH B. Somatotyping- Development and applications. Cambridge: University Press, New York, 1990.
McARDLE WD, KATCH IF, KATCH LV. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance; 5th Ed. 2001.
VERMA SS, SHARMA YK, KISHORE N. Prediction of maximal aerobic power in healthy Indian males 21-58 years of age. Z Morphol Anthropol. 1998; 82: 103-110.
SPORIS G, JUKIC I, BOK D, VULETA DJR, HARASIN D. Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy. Coll Antropol. 2011; 35(2): 335-9.
SAHA S. A new non-exercise based V ̇O2max. prediction equation for college students. IJHPECSS. 2013; 9(1): 29-32.
DEMPSY JA, REDDON W, BALKE B, RANKIN J. Work capacity determinants and physiologic cost of weight supported work in obesity. J Appl Physiol. 1966; 21: 1815-1820.
LANG CC, CHOMSKY DB, RAYOS G. Skeletal muscle mass and exercise performance in stable ambulatory patients with heart failure. J Appl Physiol. 1997; 82: 257–61.
VOLTERRANI M, CLARK AL, LUDMAN PF. Predictors of exercise capacity in chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J. 1994; 15: 801–9.