Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 68-75
Received: Jun. 3, 2014;
Accepted: Jun. 18, 2014;
Published: Jun. 30, 2014
Views 2916 Downloads 196
Valentin Krassilov, Inst. of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Sophia Barinova, Inst. of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Svyatoslav Rybnikov, Inst. of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
Contrary to predictions of the tidal torque model, length of day (LOD) decreases over a series of fluctuations since 1960s at least. The so far deepest LOD depression of 1997 – 2010 corresponds to the most prominent rises of total seismic activity and global mean temperatures. A conspicuously flat interval of the LOD curve uniformly at or slightly below –0.1 ms level in 2001 – 2005 roughly coincides with the similarly flattened high plateaus of total seismicity (2002 – 2008) and temperature anomalies (2002 – 2007), indicating causal relationships. Pearson correlation coefficients about –0.5 (p ≈ 0.03) for both LOD/earthquake frequencies and LOD/temperature anomalies are raised to –0.76 (p = 0.002) and –0.71 (p = 0.001) respectively on supposition of about two year lag between rotation forcing and the maximal geophysical effects. Non-random earthquake frequency distribution between the geoid rises and depressions is clear evidence of rotation forcing, with about 60% significant earthquakes over the highest equatorial Papua – Solomon Islands rise. The world largest ophiolite massive in the central part of the rise marks the area of mantle upheaval, coinciding with the ‘critical Niño3.4 region’ of operational WMO definitions. El Niño years prevail over the high plateau of temperature dynamics. These observations are meaningful in respect to the model of rotational forcing at the base of concerted global change. The mass/angular momentum transfer with magmatic activity is seen as a stabilizing feedback, with a lag about 2.5 years preliminarily inferred from a case study of El Niño /Mount Etna eruption dynamics.
Rotation Forcing of Tectonics and Climate, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2014, pp. 68-75.
N. Sidorenkov, The Interaction between Earth Rotation and Geophysical Processes. Wiley-VCH, 2009, 305 pp.
How the Japan Earthquake Shortened Days on Earth. SPACE.com Staff March 13, 2011. http://www.space.com/11115-japan-earthquake-shortened-earth-days.html.
V. Krassilov and S. Barinova. Sea Level – Geomagnetic Polarity Correlation as Consequence of Rotation Geo-dynamics. Earth Science, Vol. 2, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1–8. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.20130201.11
V.A. Krassilov, Plate tectonics and rotational dynamics of the planet. Izvestia (Proceedings) Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R, Geol., vol.1, pp. 74–82, 1976 (Rus).
V.A. Krassilov, Overview of rotational geodynamics. Tikhookeanskaya Geologia (Pa-cific Geology), no. 1, pp. 89–95, 1991. (Rus.).
V.A. Krassilov, Cretaceous Period. Evolution of Earth Crust and Biosphere. Moscow; Nauka, 1985. 240 pp. (Rus.).
V.A. Krassilov, Terre-strial Palaeoecology and Global Change. Sophia: Pensoft, 2003, 464 pp.
Deviation of day length from SI based day, 1962 – 2010. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Deviation_of_day_length_from_SI_day_.svg
Earthquake Facts and Statistics, USGS, 2013. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/year/eqstats.php.
Significant Earthquakes of the World. USGS http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqarchives/significant/
C.G. Chase and D.R. Sprowl, The modern geoid andancient plate boundaries, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., vol. 62, pp. 314−320, 1983.
C.P. Morice, J.J. Kennedy, N.A. Rayner, and P.D. Jones, Quantifying uncer-tainties in global and regional temperature change using an ensemble of observational estimates: The HadCRUT4 dataset, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 117, 2012, D08101, doi:10.1029/2011JD017187
Nino3.4. East Central Tropical Pacific SST (5N-5S) (170–120W). http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/correlation/nina34.data
Catalogue of Indices and Definitions of El Niño and La Niña in Operational Use by WMO Members / WMO Commission for Climatology; CCl-XIII (2005) Expert Team on El Niño and La Niña Definitions Geneva, World Meteorological Organization, 2006. https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/wcp/ccl/opags/opag3/documents/Catalogue_12062006.pdf
El Nińo/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) diagnostic discussion issued by Climate Prediction Center/NCEP and the International Research Institute for climate and society, 8 May 2014. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/ensodisc.html
N.K. Larkin, D.E. Harrison. "On the definition of El Niño and associated seasonal average U.S. weather anomalies". Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32 (13), L13705, 1–4. Jul. 2005.
Mount Etna. Summary of eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI) // Global Volcanism Program: http://www.volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=211060#
Nino3.4. East Central Tropical Pacific SST (5N-5S) (170-120W): http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/correlation/nina34.data
F.R. Stephenson, L.V. Mor-rison. "Long-term fluctuations in the Earth's rotation: 700 BC to AD 1990". Philosophical Transac-tions of the Royal Society of London, Series A, vol. 351, pp. 165–202, 1995.
R.S. Gross, Earth rotation variations – long period, in Physical Geodesy, edited by T. A. Herring, pp. 239–294, Treatise on Geophysics vol. 3, Elsevier, Oxford, 2007
A.I. Arbab. “The Length of the Day: A Cosmological Perspective”. Progress in Physics, ICS, vol.1, pp. 8–11, Jan. 2009.
N.-A. Mörner. “Solar wind, Earth’s rotation and changes in terrestrial climate”. Phys. Rev. Res. Intern., vol. 3(2), pp. 117–136, 2013.
J. Milsom, Papuan ultramafic belt; gravity anomalies and emplacement of ophiolitess. Bull. Geol. Soc, Amer., vol. 84, pp. 2243–2248, 1973.
H.L. Davies, Crustal structure and emplacement of ophiolite in southern Papua, New Guinea. Ofioliti, vol 5, pp. 119–120, 1980.
Pacific Country Report. Sea level and climate: their present state. Papua New Guinea, AMSAT AusAID, 30 pp. June 2002.