Heavy Metals Contamination in Soils and Water in the Vicinity of Small Scale Gold Mines at Londoni and Sambaru, Singida Region, Tanzania
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 397-403
Received: Sep. 29, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2015; Published: Dec. 7, 2015
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Asantael Herman, Department of Environmental Engineering and Management, University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
Charles Kihampa, Department of Environmental Science and Management, Ardhi University, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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This study was carried out to determine the concentration of heavy metals in water and soils in the vicinity of mines and processing units in small scale mining areas at Londoni and Sambaru. Heavy metals concentrations ranging from 1.7 to 53.8 mg/kg dry soil weight (dw), 8.7 to 22.24 mg/kg dw, 0.42 to 2.61mg/kg dw and 3.19 to 29.42 mg/kg dw were detected for Hg, Pb, Zn and Cu, respectively. Concentration of the same metals detected in surface and groundwater samples ranged from 0.013 to 0.17mg/L. Concentrations of mercury detected in soil samples were above Tanzanian maximum limits of mercury contamination. Sources of the metals contaminations were envisaged to be amalgamation and burning activities, improper waste rocks and tailings disposal, discharge of mine water to the surroundings and leachates from waste rocks and tailings. The study concluded that immediate adverse effect may not be feasible but continuing contamination may lead to serious human health and environmental problems.
Heavy Metal, Soils, Water, Small Scale, Vicinity, Londoni, Sambaru
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Asantael Herman, Charles Kihampa, Heavy Metals Contamination in Soils and Water in the Vicinity of Small Scale Gold Mines at Londoni and Sambaru, Singida Region, Tanzania, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 397-403. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150306.13
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