International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages: 12-20
Received: Dec. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 12, 2016;
Published: Jan. 27, 2016
Views 9459 Downloads 305
Muhammad Shamsuddeen Abdullahi, Department of Architecture, Eastern Mediterranean University (E.M.U.), Gizamagusa, North Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey
Halil Zafer Alibaba, Department of Architecture, Eastern Mediterranean University (E.M.U.), Gizamagusa, North Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey
In urban areas today, natural vegetation are been replaced with concrete pavements, buildings and other structures, which bring with it several consequences such as; noticeable increase in the amount of energy used in heating and cooling buildings which led to urban heat island (UHI) effect, degrading of air quality, increasing the amount of hard surfaces in cities which led to rise in temperature and also increase the volume of storm water collected. The technology of integration of plants on building façade became a trend in the last decade. This paper outlined different types of green façade and their benefits to the built environment. The paper through review of related literature is aimed at discussing how façade greening positively affect the built environment through the moderation of air quality; mitigate urban heat stress through transpiration cooling and shading. The paper also shows that façade greening will help in attaining a healthier living and a pollution free work place in the urban areas and any other place. The research concluded that the use of greenery on building façade provides a way to attaining a sustainable built environment.
Muhammad Shamsuddeen Abdullahi,
Halil Zafer Alibaba,
Facade Greening: A Way to Attain Sustainable Built Environment, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2016, pp. 12-20.
Odum, H. T., (1995). Scales of ecological engineering. Ecol. Eng. 6 (1996), 7 19. Pekkanen J, Timonen KL, Tiittanen P, Vallius M, Lanki T, Sinkko H., 2000. Exposure and Risk Assessment for Fine and Ultrafine Particles in Ambient Air. National Public Health Institute.
Newton J, Gedge D, Early P, Wilson S. Building greener guidance on the use of green roofs, green walls and complementary features on buildings. London, UK: CIRIA; 2007 & [LBNL website http://eetd.lbl.gov/HeatIsland/].
Badrulzaman J, Ismail S, Mohd N, Moh’d H. (2013) Impact of vertical greenery system on internal building corridors in the tropics. Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences (105 (2013) 558-568).
Shewake M S, Moh’d N M. (2012) Green façade as a new sustainable approach towards climate change. Energy Procedia (18 (2012) 507-520).
Ling, C. Z, Hoseini, A. G. (2012) Greenscaping Buildings: Amplification of vertical greening towards approaching sustainable urban structures. Journal of creative sustainable Architecture and Built Environment.
Mir, M. A. (2011). Green façade and Building Structures Delft University of Technology, Delft.
Mark, P., (2011) “Going out on a limb”, www.greenwall.com.au, Horticulture, “First Green Roofs…Now Green Walls, Sustainable Horticulture”, (2009).
Alter, L. (2008) “11 Buildings Wrapped in Gorgeous Green and Living Walls”, treehungger.com.
Mike, (2011). “Green Wall Benefits – Aesthetics”, www.Greenovergrey.com.
Michelle, (2011). “The Green City Guidelines”, thegreencity.com.
MMA Architectural Systems Ltd. Green Wall Benefits, “Green Wall Systems”, (2010).
Wright, F. L. (1931). To the young man in architecture. Chicago: The Lakeside Press, R.R. Donnelley & Sons Company.
(Verne, (i.e.) quoted in Lambertini and Leenhardt, 2007:9), (Dunnett, N. & Kingsbury, N. (2008). Planting Green Roofs and Living, Walls. London: Timber Press.).
Al-musaed A (2007a) Heat island effects upon the human life on the city of Basrah, building low energy cooling and advanced ventilation technologies the 21st century. In: PALENC 2007, the 28th AIVC Conference, Crete Island, Greece.
OKE, T. R. (1987): Boundary Layer Climates. Wiley and Sons, 372 pp).
JOHNSTON, J.; NEWTON, J. (2004): Building Green A guide to using plants on roofs, walls and pavements. Major of London 2004.
ALEXANDRI, E.; JONES, P. (2007): Temperature decreases in an urban canyon due to green walls and green roofs in diverse climates. Building and Environment, In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 4 September 2007.
SAILOR, D (2008): Energy and urban climate benefits of green roofs. World Green Roof Congress London, 16 17 September 2008.
Agency, E. (2012). Heat island. Retrieved from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/153461
Gail, H. and Erin, A. (2013): landscape design: Aesthetic characteristics of plants. http://www.ufl.edu/
(Krushe P, Krushe M, Althaus D, Gabriel I. Okologisches Bauen Herausgegeben vom Umweltbundesamt. Wiesbaden und Berlin: Bauverlag; 1982.).
Alexandri E, Jones P. (2008) Temperature decreases in an urban canyon due to green walls and green roofs in diverse climates. Building and Environment; 43:480 93.
Santamouris M. The canyon effect. In: Santamouris M, editor. Energy and climate in the urban built environment. London, UK: James and James Publishers; 2001. p. 69 96.
McPherson EG. Preserving and restoring urban biodiversity: cooling urban heat islands with sustainable landscapes. In: Platt RH, Rowntree RA, Muick PC, editors. The ecological city. Amherst, US: University of Massachusetts Press; 1994. p. 151 72.
Climate booklet for urban development. Ministry of Economy Baden-Wurttemberg in Cooperation with Environmental Protection Department of Stuttgart; 2008.
Bass B, Baskaran B. Evaluating rooftop and vertical gardens as an adaptation strategy for urban areas. Institute for Research and Construction. NRCC-46737, Project number A020, CCAF report B1046. Ottawa, Canada: National Research Council; 2003.
Hoyano A. Climatologically uses of plants for solar control on the effects on the thermal environment of a building. Energy and Buildings 1988; 11: 181 9.
Holm D. Thermal improvement by means of leaf cover on external walls a simulation model. Energy and Buildings 1989; 14(1): 19 30.
STEC, W.J.; VAN PAASSEN, A.H.C.; MAZIARZ, A. (2004): Modelling the double skin façade with plants. Energy and Buildings, 37 (2005) 419-427.
NEILA, FJ. (2004): Bioclimatic architecture in a sustainable environment. Editorial Munilla-Lería.
WONG, NH.; CHEN, Y; ONG, CL.; SIA, A. (2003): Investigation of thermal benefits of rooftop garden in the tropical environment. Building and Environment, Volume 38, Issue 2, February 2003, Pages 261 270.
Papadakis G, Tsamis P, Kyritsis S. An experimental investigation of the effect of shading with plants for solar control of buildings. Energy and Buildings 2001; 33: 831 6.