Environmental Implications of Flaring and Venting in Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 154-159
Received: Oct. 17, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 8, 2016; Published: Dec. 16, 2016
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Authors
Stanley Ngene, Department of Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Greenwich, Medway Campus, Kent, United Kingdom; Engineering and Standards Division, Department of Petroleum Resources, Lagos, Nigeria
Kiran Tota-Maharaj, Department of Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Greenwich, Medway Campus, Kent, United Kingdom
Paul Eke, Peprime Limited, Auchlee Wynd, Portlethen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom
Colin Hills, Department of Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering and Science, University of Greenwich, Medway Campus, Kent, United Kingdom
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Abstract
It is believed that production of crude oil and natural gas without flaring and venting is neither technically nor economically feasible. In the face of this challenge, it is pertinent to understand the technical, economic, environmental, and social effects of flaring and venting in the production of crude oil and natural gas. This paper is a review of the role of flaring and venting in the production of oil and gas and an exposition of the environmental consequences of flaring and venting with respect to the production of crude oil and natural gas. The study exhaustively and systematically revealed the global and local effects of flaring and venting of natural gas on the environment and thereafter suggested various mechanisms through which flaring and venting could be drastically reduced using commercial models, regulation, new technologies and re-injection.
Keywords
Flaring, Venting, Production, Natural Gas, Crude Oil, Fossil Fuel, Environment, Exploitation
To cite this article
Stanley Ngene, Kiran Tota-Maharaj, Paul Eke, Colin Hills, Environmental Implications of Flaring and Venting in Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 154-159. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20160406.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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