Characterization of Two Natural Clays and Their Application as Adsorbents for Treatment Process of Dye Effluents
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5-1, October 2015, Pages: 10-16
Received: Jul. 16, 2015;
Accepted: Jul. 28, 2015;
Published: Sep. 2, 2015
Views 4529 Downloads 123
Fatma Larbi, Laboratory for study of Environmental Sciences and Materials (LESEM), Department of Physics, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, El M’naouar, Oran, Algeria
Ahmed Hamou, Laboratory for study of Environmental Sciences and Materials (LESEM), Department of Physics, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, El M’naouar, Oran, Algeria
Abdelaziz Bendraoua, Laboratory of Organic Synthesis, Physical Chemistry, Environment and Biomolecules (LSPBE), Department of Industrial Chemistry, University of Sciences and Technology of Oran Mohamed Boudiaf, El-Mnaouar, Oran, Algeria
Nadia Ramdani, Laboratory for study of Environmental Sciences and Materials (LESEM), Department of Physics, University of Oran 1 Ahmed Ben Bella, El M’naouar, Oran, Algeria
The aim of the present work is to explore and compare the adsorption capacity of two different clays for removal of textile dye from aqueous solutions. For this purpose, the adsorption of Green Remazole 6B; a reactive dye used in textile industry, was studied in batch mode. The clays used were provided from two different deposits in west of Algeria, one located in Ain-Témouchent (C46) and the other in the region of El Bayadh (C32). Before investigating the adsorption of textile dye, the clays were characterized by various techniques of analysis in order to study all the relevant features. The techniques used are: X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy (IR) and Chemical analysis. Chemical analysis and infrared spectroscopy (IR) show that clays are mainly constituted of alumina and silica in major quantities and other elements in minor quantities. XRD analysis shows that C46 is illite clay, contaning kaolinite, smectite and quartz. On the other hand, C32 is kaolinite clay with presence of illite, smectite, chlorite and quartz. To investigate the adsorption of the textile dye, clays have been previously modified by acid treatment with H2SO4 and they were tested in their natural state and in their acid-activated form. Different adsorption tests concerning the contact time, the initial dye concentration and the pH were investigated by conducting a series of batch adsorption experiments at room temperature. The adsorption equilibrium data were analyzed by using Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms models. The results show that Acidic pH was favorable for adsorption of the dye and the Freundlich model agrees very well with experimental data. (C32) clay has the best removal power.
Characterization of Two Natural Clays and Their Application as Adsorbents for Treatment Process of Dye Effluents, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Special Issue: New Horizons in Environmental Science.
Vol. 3, No. 5-1,
2015, pp. 10-16.
P.I. Irena, N.P. Andersen, S.S. Sostar-Turk, A.M. Le Marechal, The removal of reactive dye printing compounds using nanofiltration, Dyes and Pigments.74 (2007) 512-518.
Y.Yu, Y.Zhuang, Z-H.Wang, M-Q.Qiu. Adsorption of water-soluble dyes onto modified resin, Chemosphere. 54 (2004) 425–430.
K. Kadirvelu, M. Kavipriya, C. Karthika, M. Radhika, N. Vennilamani, S. Pattabhi. Utilization of various agricultural wastes for activated carbon preparation and application for the removal of dyes and metal ions from aqueous solutions, BioresourTechnol.87 (2003) 129-132.
E. Eren, B. Afsin. Investigation of a basic dye adsorption from aqueous solution onto raw and pre-treated bentonite surfaces,Dyes and Pigments. 76 (2008) 220-225.
N.M. Nasser, M. El-Geundi, Comparative cost of colour removal from textile effluents using natural adsorbents, J. Chem.Technol. Biotechnol. 50 (1991) 257-264.
A.G. Espantaleon, J.A. Nietoa, M. Fernandez, A. Marsal, Use of activated clays in the removal of dyes and surfactants from tannery waste waters, Appl Clay. Sci. 24 (2003) 105-110.
E. Eslinger, D. Peaver, Clay minerals for petroleum geologists and engineers. SEPM, Short course n°22, Soc. Economic paleontologists and mineralogists., Tulsa, USA, 1988.
N. Jozja, Etude de matériaux argileux Albanais : Cractérisation multi-échelle d’une bentonite magnésienne, Thèse de Doctorat., Université d’Orléans, 2003.
S. Petit, J.M. Madejova, A. Decarreau, F. Martin, Characterization of octahedral substitutions in kaolinites using near infrared spectroscopy, Clay and Clay minerals, 47 (1999) 103-108.
J. Thorez. Practical identification of clay minerals. In: Lelotte G (ed), a handbook for teachers and students in clay mineralogy. Belgium, 1976.
W.E. Worral, Clay and ceramic raw materials, A.R.I.C. Applied Science Publishers Ltd., London, 1975.
V.C. Farmer, The Infrared Spectra of Minerals, Mineralogical Society, Monograph 4, V.C. Farmer Ed, 1974.
R.A. Alvarez-Puebla, D.S. Dos Santos, C. Blanco, J.C. Echeverria, J.J. Garrido, Particle and surface characterization of a natural illite and study of its copper retention, J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. 285 (2005) 41- 49.
R. C. Mackenzie, The differential thermal investigation of clays. Mineralogical Society, Clay Minerals Group., London, 1957, p. 456.
J. Huang, Y. Liu, Q. Jin, X. Wang, J. Yang, Adsorption studies of a water soluble dye, Reactive Red MF-3B, using sonication-surfactant-modified attapulgite clay, J. Hazard. Mater. 143 (2007) 541-548.
A.S. Özcan, A. Özcan, Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solutions onto acid-activated bentonite. J. Colloid and Interface Sci. 276 (2004) 39- 6.