Possibilities for Achieving the Vision of Near Net Zero Emission in Building Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 217-224
Received: Sep. 16, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 5, 2014; Published: Oct. 20, 2014
Views 2219      Downloads 81
Authors
Sandra Martinovic, Department of Energetics/Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Rejhana Muhamedagic, Department of Energetics/Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Azrudin Husika, Department of Energetics/Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Increase of greenhouse gases concentration in the atmosphere, mainly carbon dioxide, which leads to global warming, indicates the need to take actions to reduce use of energy from carbon sources. The building sector is the largest consumer of energy, and thereby the largest emitter of greenhouse gases. In this paper the possibilities of achieving "near net zero emission" vision, in the residential sector, by the year 2050, were analysed. The necessary policies and technical energy efficiency measures were analysed, that could be applied in the building sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina by 2050. Large amount of energy is used for space heating and hot water, mainly from fossil fuels, which significantly contributes to air pollution and global warming. Specific energy consumption for space heating in Bosnia and Herzegovina is several times higher than in EU countries with the similar climate conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce energy consumption significantly, ie to increase energy efficiency. It is also necessary to deploy the potential of renewable energy use in buildings and to use buildings as energy producers. In this way, in the long term, energy costs in buildings would be significantly reduced, as well as dependence on energy imports and the need for building of new capacities for energy generation. From other side, employment would be increased while emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases would be reduced. In this paper, due to the availability of reliable data on energy consumption for the Sarajevo Canton, the necessary policies and measures to promote energy efficiency were analysed, that could be applied in the residential sector in the Sarajevo Canton.
Keywords
Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Sources, Greenhouse Gases
To cite this article
Sandra Martinovic, Rejhana Muhamedagic, Azrudin Husika, Possibilities for Achieving the Vision of Near Net Zero Emission in Building Sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 217-224. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20140305.12
References
[1]
M. Joshi, S. Ravindranath, G. K. Jain, K. Nazareth, "Sustainable Development: An Introduction", Internship Series, Volume - I, Centre for Environment Education, 2007.
[2]
M. Lucic, M. Mack, "qLife", Cotrugli BS, Quantum21.net, Rijeka, No 2/Vol 1/Spring 2009, pp. 5-9, pp. 81-91.
[3]
A. Miola, "Backcasting approach for sustainable mobility", JRC Scientific and Technical Reports, European Commission Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, European Communities, 2008.
[4]
http://www.naturalstep.org/en/backcasting, (Accessed on the 15th of July 2014).
[5]
A. Phdungsilp, "Futures studies’ backcasting method used for strategic sustainable city planning", ELSEVIER, Futures 43, 2011, pp. 707–714.
[6]
M. Höjer, A. Gullberg, R. Pettersson, „Backcasting images of the future city—Time and space for sustainable development in Stockholm“, ELSEVIER, Technological Forecasting & Social Change 78, 2011, pp. 819–834.
[7]
CETEOR Ltd., "Study on optimal energy supply in Sarajevo Canton", vol 1, Goverment of Sarajevo Canton, 2010.
[8]
Institute for development planning of Sarajevo Canton, "Demographic analysis of Sarajevo Canton by city areas from 2003 – 2010", Goverment of Sarajevo Canton , Sarajevo, 2011.
[9]
HVAC DESIGN Ltd., REGEA, "Action plan on sustainable energy development of Sarajevo city", Goverment of Sarajevo Canton, Sarajevo, 2011.
[10]
Ministry of Agriculture, "Balance of energy needs of Sarajevo Canton", Goverment of Sarajevo Canton, Sarajevo, 2008-2013.
[11]
D. Kolic, T. Simunovic, "Economic and ecological characteristics of energy efficient construction", University of Zagreb, Faculty of civil engineering, Zagreb, 2009.
[12]
S. Cenic, M. Dakic, A. Husika, "Unlocking the future - Sustainable energy in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Challenges and perspectives", Heinrich Böll Foundation, Sarajevo, 2013.
[13]
REIC (Regional Education and Information Centre for Dustainable Development in South-East Europe), "Improving energy efficiency of residential buildings in Sarajevo Canton", Center for energy efficiency, Sarajevo, 2009, pp. 70-200.
[14]
http://www.computherm-fabo.rs/download/Usteda_energije_i_termicka_ugodnost.pdf, (Accessed on the 5th of July 2014).
[15]
S. Maksumic, "Analysis of possible measures for reduction of electricity consumption", Training material for energy certification of buildings, CETEOR Ltd., 2011.
[16]
http://www.centrala.org.rs/knjiga%20liber%20perpetuum/02Sunceva_energja_Solar_Energy.pdf, (Accessed on the 12th of July 2014).
[17]
M. Ghani-Eneland, M. Renner, A. Chawla, "Low Carbon Jobs for Europe: Current Opportunities and Future Prospects". Gland, Switzerland: World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), 2009.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931