Biosorption of an Industrial Dye (A-BG) by a Dairy Sludge
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 292-298
Received: Nov. 4, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 15, 2014; Published: Nov. 18, 2014
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Authors
Mohamed Sassi, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Ibn Khaldoun University – Tiaret, Agro-biotechnology and Nutrition Laboratory in Semi-arid Zone, BP 78 ZAAROURA – 14000 Tiaret, Algeria
Benaouda Bestani, Laboratoire de Structure, Elaboration et Application des Matériaux Moléculaires, Université de Mostaganem, Mostaganem, Algeria
Eric Guibal, Ecole des Mines Alès, Engineering Laboratory of the Industrial Environment, 6 Avenue de Claviere, F-30319 Alès CEDEX, France
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Abstract
Dairy sludge was investigated as potential adsorbent for the removal of hazardous cationic dyes. Biosorption was studied as a function of solution initial pH, biosorbent dose, biosorbent particle diameter and initial dye ion concentration. These parameters were measured in batch experiments. Equilibrium uptake increased with increasing dye concentration with a maximum sorption capacity of a 178.6 mg g-1. Model equations such as Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to analyze the adsorption equilibrium data and the best fits to the experimental data were provided by the first isotherm model. Scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), Brunauer–Emett–Teller (BET), Fourier transform infrared analyses (FTIR) and microbiological characterisation were also performed to characterize the biosorbent. To describe the adsorption mechanism, kinetic models such as pseudo-second-order and the intra particle diffusion were applied.
Keywords
Micropollution, Cationic Dyes, Biosorption, Dairy Sludge, Characterizations
To cite this article
Mohamed Sassi, Benaouda Bestani, Eric Guibal, Biosorption of an Industrial Dye (A-BG) by a Dairy Sludge, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 292-298. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20140305.23
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