The Assessment of Space Radiation Exposure of Biology Experiments during Two Short-Term Missions
American Journal of Environmental Protection
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 323-326
Received: Nov. 26, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 18, 2014; Published: Jan. 4, 2015
Views 2454      Downloads 102
Authors
Mariagabriella Pugliese, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Napoli, Naples, Italy
Filomena Loffredo, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Napoli, Naples, Italy
Maria Quarto, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Napoli, Naples, Italy
Vincenzo Roca, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Napoli, Naples, Italy
Gianna Vivaldo, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Torino, Turin, Italy
Alba Zanini, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Torino, Turin, Italy
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The assessment of space radiation exposure on plants, animals, cell cultures, as well as the astronauts, is crucial not only because it is very different from that to which they are subjected on the earth, but also to understand the combined effects of exposure to space radiation under microgravity. In particular, we evaluated the equivalent dose due to neutrons and charged particles for biology experiments, in two short-term missions, FOTON M3 and STS-34 mission, using Thermo Luminescence Dosimeters (TLDs) to evaluate the charged particles dosimetry and a set of passive neutron bubbles detectors for neutron dosimetry. In STS-34 mission, stack bismuth track dosimeter was used in addition to bubbles detectors to evaluate the dose equivalent rate due to neutrons in a wide energy range (0.025 eV-200 GeV). Considering a total dose due to both radiation types particles, a value of about 1 mSv/day is obtained. The neutron component represents about 18 % of the total.
Keywords
Space Radiation, Dosimetry
To cite this article
Mariagabriella Pugliese, Filomena Loffredo, Maria Quarto, Vincenzo Roca, Gianna Vivaldo, Alba Zanini, The Assessment of Space Radiation Exposure of Biology Experiments during Two Short-Term Missions, American Journal of Environmental Protection. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 323-326. doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20140306.14
References
[1]
R. D. Morrison, “Cellular changes in microgravity and the design of space radiation experiments”, Adv. Space Res. 14, 1994, pp. 1005–1019.
[2]
M. Vukich, P. L. Ganga, D. Cavalieri, L. Rizzetto, D. Rivero, S. Pollastri, S. Mugnai, S. Mancuso, S. Pastorelli, M. Lambreva, A. Antonacci, A. Margonelli, I. Bertalan, U. Johanningmeier, M.T. Giardi, G. Rea, M. Pugliese, M. Quarto, V. Roca, A. Zanini, O. Borla, L. Rebecchi, T. Altiero, R. Guidetti, M. Cesari, T. Marchioro, R. Bertolani, E. Pace, A. De Sio, M. Casarosa, L. Tozzetti, S. Branciamore, E. Gallori, M. Scarigella, M. Bruzzi, M. Bucciolini, C. Talamonti, A. Donati, V. Zolesi, “BIOKIS: a model payload for multidisciplinary experiments in microgravity”, Microgravity Sci. Tec. 24, 2012, pp.397-409.
[3]
L. Narici, F. Belli, V. Bidoli, M. Casolino, M. P. De Pascale, L. Di Fino, G. Furano, I. Modena, A. Morselli, P. Picozza, E. Reali, A. Rinaldi, D. Ruggirei, R. Sparsoli, V. Zaconte, W.G. Sannita, S. Carozzo, S. Licoccia, P. Romagnoli, E. Traversa, V. Cotronei, M. Vazquez, J. Miller, V.P Salnitskii, O.I. Shevchenko, V.P. Petrov, K.A. Trukhanov, A. Galper, A. Khodarovich, M.G. Korotkov, A. Popov, N. Vavilov, S. Avdeev, M. Boezio, W. Bonvicini, A. Vacchi, N. Zampa, G. Mazzenga, M. Ricci, P. Spillantini, G. Castellini, R. Vittori, P. Carlson, C. Fuglesang, D. Schardt, “The ALTEA/ALTEINO projects: studying functional effects of microgravity and cosmic radiation”, Adv. Space Res. 33 vol.8, 2004, pp.1352–1357.
[4]
P. Bilski, “Dosimetry of densely ionising radiation with three LiF phosphors for space applications”, Rad. Prot. Dos. 120, 2006, pp. 397–400.
[5]
W.G. Cross, L. Tommasino, “Dosimetry of high energy neutrons and protons by Bi-209 fissions”, Rad. Prot. Dos. 70, 1997, pp. 419–424.
[6]
M. Pugliese, V. Roca, M. Durante, “The use of TL dosimeters in HZE radiation fields”, in Proceedings of Third European IRPA Congress, 14–18 June, Helsinki, Finland., 2010, pp. 4–18.
[7]
T. Berger, M. Hajek, L. Summerer, M. Fugger, N. Vana, “The effciency of various thermoluminescence dosemeter types to heavy ions”, Rad. Prot. Dos. 120, 2006, pp. 365–368.
[8]
A. Zanini, M. Storini, O. Saavedra, “Cosmic rays at High Mountain Observatories”, Adv. Space Res., 44 vol.10, 2009, pp. 1160-1165.
[9]
M. Pugliese, V. Bengin, M. Casolino, V. Roca, A. Zanini, M. Durante, “Tests of shielding effectiveness of Kevlar and Nextel onboard the International Space Station and the Foton-M3 capsule”, Rad. Environ. Biophys. 49, 2010, pp. 359–363.
[10]
G. Rea, D. Esposito, M. Damasso, A. Serafini, A. Margonelli, C. Faraloni, G. Torzillo, A. Zanini, I. Bertalan, V. Johanningmeier, M.T. Giardi, “Ionizing radiation impacts photochemical quantum yield and oxygen evolution activity of photosystem II in photosynthetic microorganisms”, Inter. J. Rad. Biol. 84 vol.11, 2008, pp. 867–877.
[11]
M. Damasso, T. Dachev, M.T. Giardi, G. Falzetta, G. Rea, A. Zanini, “Experimental data and GEANT4 Monte Carlo predictions of the radiation environment on board Foton-M3 satellite,” in Proceedings Workshop Fundamental Space Research, 23-28 September, Sunny Beach, Bulgaria, 2008, pp.159-162.
[12]
M. Pugliese, F. Loffredo, M. Quarto, V. Roca, C. Mattone, O. Borla, A. Zanini, “Results of nDOSE and HiDOSE Experiments for Dosimetric Evaluation During STS-134 Mission”, Microgravity Sci. Tec. 25, 2014, pp. 353-358.
[13]
G. D.Badhwar, W. Atwell, F. F. Badavi, T. C. Yang and T. F. Cleghorn, “Space Radiation Absorbed Dose Distribution in a Human Phantom”, Radiat. Res. 157, 2002, pp.76–91.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931