International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 146-152
Received: Apr. 22, 2015;
Accepted: May 1, 2015;
Published: May 12, 2015
Views 6103 Downloads 262
M. Magesh Kumar, ME power system engineering, Chandy college of engineering, Tuticorin, India
R. Sundareswaran, AP/EEE Department, Chandy college of engineering, Tuticorin, India
Space Vector Modulation (SVM) based Direct Torque Control (DTC) scheme is used for a variable –speed direct drive Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) in a wind power generation system. SVM Provides more flexibility for inverter voltage utilization, in order to compensate the torque and flux errors in a smoother way than conventional DTC. SVM based DTC maintains constant switching frequency and it can be applied using closed loop torque control, for minimization of torque ripple. Over the conventional Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG), PMSG has several advantages. The PMSG based on Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) can be connected to the turbine without gearbox. The gearbox causes in the cost of maintenance, and then it will decrease the weight of the nacelle. Additionally, the generators have a better efficiency and have been slightly cheaper. This provides maximum flexibility, enabling full real and reactive power control. The SVM-DTC regulated PMSG wind turbine can achieve fast torque response, relatively low torque ripples, and extracts the maximum power. The effectiveness of the SVM-DTC control scheme for PMSG has been demonstrated by MATLAB simulation.
M. Magesh Kumar,
PMSG Based Wind Energy Conversion with Space Vector Modulation, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2015, pp. 146-152.
Giuseppe S. Buja, and Marian P. Kazmierkowski, “Direct Torque Control of PWM Inverter-Fed AC Motors—A Survey”, IEEE Trans.on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 51, No. 4, August 2004.
Md. Enamul Haque, Member, IEEE, Michael Negnevitsky, Senior Member, IEEE, A Novel Control Strategy for a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine With a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, Vol. 46, No. 1, January/February 2010.
Wei Qiao, Member, IEEE, Liyan Qu, Member, IEEE, “Control of IPM Synchronous Generator for Maximum Wind Power Generation Considering Magnetic Saturation”,IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, Vol. 45, No. 3, May/June 2009.
S.VIJAYALAKSHMI, “Modeling and control of a Wind Turbine using Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST).
Satyam Kumar Upadhyay, Sudhanshu Tripathi, “Optimization and Control of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator”, International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT) - Volume4 Issue6- June 2013.
Domenico Casadei, Member, IEEE, Francesco Profumo, Senior Member, IEEE, “FOC and DTC: Two Viable Schemes for Induction Motors Torque Contro”, lIEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, Vol. 17, No. 5, September 2002.
Anjana Manuel, Jebin Francis, “Simulation of Direct Torque Controlled Induction Motor Drive by using Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation for Torque Ripple Reduction”, International l Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation EngineeringVol. 2, Issue 9, September 2013.
K.Chikh, A.Saad, M.Khafallah and D.Yousfi,” A Novel Drive Implementation for PMSM By using Direct Torque Control with Space Vector Modulation”, Canadian Journal on Electrical and Electronics Engineering Vol. 2, No. 8, August 2011.
Ackerman T, editor, “Wind Power in Power Systems”, West Sussex, England: 2005. Generators and Power Electronics for Wind Turbines; p 53-72.
Zhe Zhang, Student Member, IEEE, Yue Zhao, Student Member, IEEE, “A Space-Vector-Modulated Sensor less Direct-Torque Control for Direct-Drive PMSG Wind Turbines“, IEEE Trans. on Industry Applications, Vol. 50, No. 4, July/August 2014.
Dr. M. Vijaya kumar,” Modeling and Control of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator Wind Turbine with Energy Storage “, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA) ISSN: 2248-9622 October 2012, pp.1900-1905.
S. Engström, “NewGen a new direct drive wind turbine generator,” Nordic Wind Power Conference (NWPC’2006), Hanasaari, Espoo, Finland, 22-23 May 2006.
T. Hartkopf, M. Hofmann and S. Jöckel, “Direct-drive generators for megawatt wind turbines”, Proc. European Wind Energy Conf., Dublin, Ireland, 1997, pp. 668-671
Yicheng Chen, P. Pillay, and A. Khan, “PM wind generator topologies,” IEEE Trans. on Ind.Appl., vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1619- 1626, 2005.
Johnson G.L. 2006, "Wind Turbine Power, Energy, and Torque," In Wind Energy System, Electrical Edition ed. Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs (NJ), pp. 4-1-4-54.
Quang N.P. & Dittrich J.A. 2008, "Inverter control with space vector modulation," In Vector Control of Three-Phase AC Machines, First ed. Springer, pp. 17-59.
Espinoza J.R. 2001, "Inverters," In Power Electronics Handbook, Rashid M.H., ed., Oxford University Press, pp. 353-404.
Li S.H., Haskew T.A., Swatloski R.P., & Gathings W. 2012,” Optimal and Direct-Current Vector Control of Direct-Driven PMSG Wind Turbines”, IEEE Transactions on power electronics, 27, (5) 2325-2337.