Three-phase Matrix Converter Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System for Wind Speed Estimation
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 117-124
Received: Apr. 14, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 29, 2015; Published: May 12, 2015
Views 5591      Downloads 325
Authors
Alaa Eldien M. M. Hassan, Department Electrical Engineering, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Mahmoud A. Sayed, Department Electrical Engineering, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Essam E. M. Mohamed, Department Electrical Engineering, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
With continuous increasing concerns of the energy issues, renewable energy sources are getting much attention worldwide. This paper presents a full description of the grid-tie Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) based on interfacing a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) to the utility grid by using the direct AC/AC matrix converter. Due to the random variation of wind velocities, wind speed estimation control technique is used to estimate the wind velocity and extracts the maximum power at all wind velocities. The matrix converter controls the maximum power point tracking MPPT by adjusting the PMSG terminal frequency, and hence, the shaft speed. In addition, the matrix converter controls the grid injected current to be in-phase with the grid voltage for the unity power factor. Space Vector Modulation is used to generate the PWM signals of the matrix converter switches. The MPPT algorithm is included in the speed control system of the PMSG. The system dynamic performance is investigated using Matlab/Simulink.
Keywords
Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG), Matrix Converter (MC)
To cite this article
Alaa Eldien M. M. Hassan, Mahmoud A. Sayed, Essam E. M. Mohamed, Three-phase Matrix Converter Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System for Wind Speed Estimation, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 117-124. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20150403.16
References
[1]
J. M. Carrasco, L. G. Franquelo, J. T. Bialasiewicz, E. Galván, R. P. Guisado, M. A. Prats, J. I. León, and N. Moreno-Alfonso, "Power-electronic systems for the grid integration of renewable energy sources: A survey," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 53, pp. 1002-1016, 2006.
[2]
Z. Olaofe and K. Folly, "Energy storage technologies for small scale wind conversion system," in Power Electronics and Machines in Wind Applications (PEMWA), 2012 IEEE, 2012, pp. 1-5.
[3]
T. Shanker and R. K. Singh, "Wind energy conversion system: A review," in Engineering and Systems (SCES), 2012 Students Conference on, 2012, pp. 1-6.
[4]
S. Barakati, M. Kazerani, and X. Chen, "A new wind turbine generation system based on matrix converter," in Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2005. IEEE, 2005, pp. 2083-2089.
[5]
V. Agarwal, R. K. Aggarwal, P. Patidar, and C. Patki, "A novel scheme for rapid tracking of maximum power point in wind energy generation systems," Energy conversion, IEEE transactions on, vol. 25, pp. 228-236, 2010.
[6]
Y. Izumi, A. Pratap, K. Uchida, A. Uehara, T. Senjyu, A. Yona, and T. Funabashi, "A control method for maximum power point tracking of a PMSG-based WECS using online parameter identification of wind turbine," in Power Electronics and Drive Systems (PEDS), 2011 IEEE Ninth International Conference on, 2011, pp. 1125-1130.
[7]
Y. Errami, M. Maaroufi, and M. Ouassaid, "A MPPT vector control of electric network connected Wind Energy Conversion System employing PM Synchronous Generator," in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), 2013 International, 2013, pp. 228-233.
[8]
T.-F. Chan, "Permanent-magnet machines for distributed power generation: A review," in 2007 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, 2007, pp. 1-6.
[9]
H. Polinder, F. F. Van der Pijl, G.-J. De Vilder, and P. J. Tavner, "Comparison of direct-drive and geared generator concepts for wind turbines," Energy conversion, IEEE transactions on, vol. 21, pp. 725-733, 2006.
[10]
J. Elizondo, M. Macías, and O. Micheloud, "Matrix Converters Applied to Wind Energy Conversion Systems, Technologies and Investigation Trends," in Electronics, Robotics and Automotive Mechanics Conference, 2009. CERMA'09., 2009, pp. 435-439.
[11]
E. Koutroulis and K. Kalaitzakis, "Design of a maximum power tracking system for wind-energy-conversion applications," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 53, pp. 486-494, 2006.
[12]
L. Zhang, B. Zhou, F. Cheng, and G. Zuo, "A novel maximum power point tracking control method suitable for a doubly salient electro-magnetic wind power generator system," in World Non-Grid-Connected Wind Power and Energy Conference, 2009. WNWEC 2009, 2009, pp. 1-6.
[13]
S. M. Barakati, "Modeling and controller design of a wind energy conversion system including a matrix converter," University of Waterloo, 2008.
[14]
S. M. Barakati, M. Kazerani, and J. D. Aplevich, "Maximum power tracking control for a wind turbine system including a matrix converter," Energy conversion, IEEE transactions on, vol. 24, pp. 705-713, 2009.
[15]
M. Abdullah, A. Yatim, C. Tan, and R. Saidur, "A review of maximum power point tracking algorithms for wind energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 16, pp. 3220-3227, 2012.
[16]
T. Nakamura, S. Morimoto, M. Sanada, and Y. Takeda, "Optimum control of IPMSG for wind generation system," in Power Conversion Conference, 2002. PCC-Osaka 2002. Proceedings of the, 2002, pp. 1435-1440.
[17]
S. Morimoto, H. Nakayama, M. Sanada, and Y. Takeda, "Sensorless output maximization control for variable-speed wind generation system using IPMSG," in Industry Applications Conference, 2003. 38th IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the, 2003, pp. 1464-1471.
[18]
A. Mahdi, W. Tang, and Q. Wu, "Estimation of tip speed ratio using an adaptive perturbation and observation method for wind turbine generator systems," in Renewable Power Generation (RPG 2011), IET Conference on, 2011, pp. 1-6.
[19]
J. S. Thongam and M. Ouhrouche, "MPPT control methods in wind energy conversion systems," Fundamental and Advanced Topics in Wind Power, pp. 339-360, 2011.
[20]
H.-S. Shin, C. Xu, J.-M. Lee, J.-D. La, and Y.-S. Kim, "MPPT control technique for a PMSG wind generation system by the estimation of the wind speed," in Electrical Machines and Systems (ICEMS), 2012 15th International Conference on, 2012, pp. 1-6.
[21]
D. Casadei, G. Grandi, G. Serra, and A. Tani, "Space vector control of matrix converters with unity input power factor and sinusoidal input/output waveforms," in Power Electronics and Applications, 1993., Fifth European Conference on, 1993, pp. 170-175.
[22]
P. W. Wheeler, J. Rodriguez, J. C. Clare, L. Empringham, and A. Weinstein, "Matrix converters: a technology review," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 49, pp. 276-288, 2002.
[23]
A. Alesina and M. Venturini, "Solid-state power conversion: A Fourier analysis approach to generalized transformer synthesis," Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 28, pp. 319-330, 1981.
[24]
A. Alesina and M. Venturini, "Analysis and design of optimum-amplitude nine-switch direct AC-AC converters," Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 4, pp. 101-112, 1989.
[25]
J. Rodriguez, M. Rivera, J. W. Kolar, and P. W. Wheeler, "A review of control and modulation methods for matrix converters," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 59, pp. 58-70, 2012.
[26]
J. Rodriguez, E. Silva*, F. Blaabjerg, P. Wheeler, J. Clare, and J. Pontt, "Matrix converter controlled with the direct transfer function approach: analysis, modelling and simulation," International journal of electronics, vol. 92, pp. 63-85, 2005.
[27]
L. Zhang, C. Watthanasarn, and W. Shepherd, "Control of AC-AC matrix converters for unbalanced and/or distorted supply voltage," in Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2001. PESC. 2001 IEEE 32nd Annual, 2001, pp. 1108-1113.
[28]
M. M. Hussein, M. Orabi, M. E. Ahmed, and M. A. Sayed, "Simple sensorless control technique of permanent magnet synchronous generator wind turbine," in Power and Energy (PECon), 2010 IEEE International Conference on, 2010, pp. 512-517.
[29]
L. V. Fausett, Applied numerical analysis using MATLAB: Pearson, 2008.
[30]
W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical recipes in C vol. 2: Citeseer, 1996.
[31]
M. Y. Lee, P. Wheeler, and C. Klumpner, "Space-vector modulated multilevel matrix converter," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 57, pp. 3385-3394, 2010.
[32]
M. Jussila and H. Tuusa, "Comparison of direct and indirect matrix converters in induction motor drive," in IEEE Industrial Electronics, IECON 2006-32nd Annual Conference on, 2006, pp. 1621-1626.
[33]
M. Rivera, J. Rodriguez, B. Wu, J. R. Espinoza, and C. A. Rojas, "Current control for an indirect matrix converter with filter resonance mitigation," Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 59, pp. 71-79, 2012.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186