Three-phase Matrix Converter Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System for Wind Speed Estimation
With continuous increasing concerns of the energy issues, renewable energy sources are getting much attention worldwide. This paper presents a full description of the grid-tie Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) based on interfacing a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) to the utility grid by using the direct AC/AC matrix converter. Due to the random variation of wind velocities, wind speed estimation control technique is used to estimate the wind velocity and extracts the maximum power at all wind velocities. The matrix converter controls the maximum power point tracking MPPT by adjusting the PMSG terminal frequency, and hence, the shaft speed. In addition, the matrix converter controls the grid injected current to be in-phase with the grid voltage for the unity power factor. Space Vector Modulation is used to generate the PWM signals of the matrix converter switches. The MPPT algorithm is included in the speed control system of the PMSG. The system dynamic performance is investigated using Matlab/Simulink.
Alaa Eldien M. M. Hassan,
Mahmoud A. Sayed,
Essam E. M. Mohamed,
Three-phase Matrix Converter Applied to Wind Energy Conversion System for Wind Speed Estimation, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy.
Vol. 4, No. 3,
2015, pp. 117-124.
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