Microcontroller Based Automatic Solar Tracking System with Mirror Booster
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 125-136
Received: Apr. 23, 2015; Accepted: May 6, 2015; Published: Jun. 3, 2015
Views 17068      Downloads 483
Protik Kumar Das, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology (RUET), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mir Ahasan Habib, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology (RUET), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Mohammed Mynuddin, Dept of EEE, Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper is designed solar tracking system with mirror booster using microcontroller. Solar energy is rapidly becoming an alternative means of electrical source all over the world. To make effective use of solar energy, its efficiency must be maximized. A feasible approach to maximizing the power output of solar array is by sun tracking. This paper deals with the design and construction of solar tracking system by using a stepper motor, gear motor, photo diode. Mirror is used as booster to maximize the efficiency. The whole frame will travel circularly and the mirror will travel from south to north and vice-versa. The prototype is considered around a programmed microcontroller which controls the system by communicating with sensors and motor driver based on movement of the sun. The performance and characteristics of the solar tracker are experimentally analyzed.
Types of Renewable Energy, Types of Tracking Mechanism, Gear Motor, Maximize the Panel Efficiency
To cite this article
Protik Kumar Das, Mir Ahasan Habib, Mohammed Mynuddin, Microcontroller Based Automatic Solar Tracking System with Mirror Booster, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015, pp. 125-136. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20150404.11
A. J. Sangster. Engineering the Early Demise of Fossil Fuels “International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy” Vol. 3, No. 6, 2014, pp. 115-122. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.20140306.11
Feltrin, A., Freundlich, A., Material considerations for terawatt level deployment of photovoltaics. Renewable Energy, volume 33, 2008, Pages 180-185.
K. H. Hussein et al, “Maximum Photovoltaic Power Tracking: An Algorithm for rapidly changing atmospheric conditions,” Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. volume 142, pt. G, no.1, January 1995, Pages 59–64.
C.S. Chin, A. Babu, W. McBride. Design,modeling & testing of a standalone single axis active solar tracker using MATLAB/Simulink.
C.R. Sullivan and M.J. Powers,“A High-Efficiency Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic Arrays in a Solar-Power Race Vehicle”, IEEE PESC‘93, 1993, Pages 574-580.
Xuejun Liu and A.C.Lopes,,“An Improved Perturbation and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm for PV Arrays” IEEE PESC ‘2004, Pages 2005-2010.
Rashmi Swami"Solar Cell" International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 7, July 2012,pp 1-5
Sayran A. Abdulgafar 1, Omar S. Omar 2 ,Kamil M. Yousif 3 "Improving The Efficiency Of Polycrystalline Solar Panel Via Water Immersion Method"International Journal of Innovative Research in Science,Engineering and Technology,pp8127-8132.
Kumar, A., T. Schei, A. Ahenkorah, R. Caceres Rodriguez, J.-M. Devernay, M. Freitas, D. Hall, Å. Killingtveit, Z. Liu, 2011: Hydropower. In IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation [O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, K. Seyboth, P. Matschoss, S. Kadner, T. Zwickel, P. Eickemeier, G. Hansen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Yingxue Yao, Yeguang Hu, Shengdong Gao, Gang Yang, Jinguang. A multiple dual-axis solar tracker with two tracking strategies. Renewable Energy, Volume 72, December 2014, Pages 88-98.
Kroposki B, DeBlasio R, (2000), Technologies for the New Millennium: Photovoltaics as a Distributed Resource, IEEE Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, pages 1798 – 1801.
Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory-9th edition by Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky.
Datasheet of 2011 Atmel Corporation 8159D–AVR–02/11.
Microcontroller, Sahil Kapoor, Narendra Singh, Shiv Chauhan. Vth Semester,Department of Electronic Communication & Engg. Dronacharya College of Engineering, Gurgaon, India123506. 2014 IJIRT , Volume 1 Issue 6 , ISSN : 2349-6002
Laughlin Barker, Matthew Neber, Hohyun Lee.Design of a low-profile two-axis solar tracker .Solar Energy, Volume 97, November 2013, Pages 569-576.
S. Ozcelik, H. Prakash, R. Challoo. Two axis solar tracker analysis and control for maximum power generation. Procedia Computer Science, Volume 6, 2011, Pages 457-462.
B.K. Bose, P.M. Szczesny and R.L. Steigerwald,,“ Micro-computer Control of a Residential Photovoltaic Power Conditioning System”, IEEE Trans. On Industry Applications, volume IA-21, no. 5, September 1985, Pages ll82-1191.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186