Nickel – the Ultimate Substitute of Coal, Oil and Uranium
International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy
Volume 4, Issue 4-1, July 2015, Pages: 1-6
Received: Oct. 12, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 31, 2014; Published: Nov. 25, 2014
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Authors
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, Honorary faculty, I-SERVE, Alakapuri, Hyderabad-35, AP, India
S. Lakshminarayana, Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-03, AP, India
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Abstract
During E-CAT test run some hidden and unknown energy is being coming out in the form of heat energy in large quantity. Based on the principle of conservation of energy and from the well known nuclear fusion and fission reactions it is possible to guess that, the E-CAT hidden energy may be in the form of binding of protons and neutrons of the Nickel and Lithium atomic nuclei. By considering the nuclear binding energies of (58@28)Ni, (62@28)Ni and (7@3)Li an attempt is made to understand the energy liberation mechanism in E-CAT. With reference to the net energy production of (5825 ± 10%) Mega Joules liberated from one gram Ni of the E-CAT’s 32 days third party test run, it can be suggested that, for every transformation of (58@28)Ni to (62@28)Ni via(7@3)Li, liberated heat energy is 3.64 MeV and for one gram of (58@28)Ni liberated energy is 5984 Mega Joules. For each transformation of (58@28)Ni to (62@28)Ni via(7@3)Li, 3 hydrogen atoms can be expected to be emitted. Note that, energy liberated for one gram of (58@28)Ni in cold fusion is 1.66 MWh and energy liberated for one gram of (235@92)U in nuclear fission is 22.6 MWh. Clearly speaking, energy released in Nickel based E-CAT is just 13.6 times less than the energy released in Uranium fission.
Keywords
Cold Fusion, Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, E-CAT ( Energy Catalyzer)
To cite this article
U. V. S. Seshavatharam, S. Lakshminarayana, Nickel – the Ultimate Substitute of Coal, Oil and Uranium, International Journal of Sustainable and Green Energy. Special Issue:Current Research and Future of Renewable Energy. Vol. 4, No. 4-1, 2015, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ijrse.s.2015040401.11
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