Analysis of Determinants Influencing Students’ Academic Achievement in English and Mathematics Subjects of Ending Classes of Schools at Bahir Dar and Debre Tabor Towns, Ethiopia
International Journal of Secondary Education
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 61-66
Received: Nov. 3, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 11, 2015;
Published: Jan. 8, 2016
Views 4261 Downloads 112
Endris Assen Ebrahim, Department of Statistics, Debre Tabor University, South Gondar, Ethiopia
Mulugeta Alemayehu Dagnaw, Department of Mathematics, Debre Tabor University, South Gondar, Ethiopia
Follow on us
Quality education is the question of many countries. Students’ achievement were a measure of teaching-learning process. Scholars suggested that regardless of the subject nature, many factors affect students’ achievements in each school subject. This study is an attempt to determine factors influencing academic achievements of grade 8, 10 and 12 students in Debre Tabor Town (DT) and Bahir Dar Town (BDT) in 2013-2014 academic year with achievements variations occurred in student, class and school levels. Depending on the objectives descriptive analysis and multivariate multilevel linear regression analysis with maximum likelihood estimation were used to analyze the data. The results of BDT data show that school type and average work load of teachers jointly show a significant effect on both subjects; Teachers experience in terms of Mathematics, class size and availability of reference and text books in terms of English show significant influence on academic achievements. From the study, it was found out that multilevel modeling is much better than the single level ordinary regression model in fitting the data and in explaining the variations of the academic achievement at different levels. Likewise, on average non-governmental school students achievements were better than governmental. It can be concluded from this study that the variation of academic achievement of students in each grade level of mathematics and English subjects high within class followed by between schools. It can be recommended that academic facilities and managements at schools and home, and students personal efforts need to be improved in order to achieve better quality of education in all fields of studies at high standard.
Multivariate Multilevel Analysis, Variation, Academic Achievements, Empty (null) Model
To cite this article
Endris Assen Ebrahim,
Mulugeta Alemayehu Dagnaw,
Analysis of Determinants Influencing Students’ Academic Achievement in English and Mathematics Subjects of Ending Classes of Schools at Bahir Dar and Debre Tabor Towns, Ethiopia, International Journal of Secondary Education.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 61-66.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Anastacia, N. (20011). Factors Affecting the National Achievement Test Performance Of Selected Second Year High School Students, In Santa Maria, Bulacan.
Aziz, N. (1992). Students’ Perception on Teaching and Learning Mathematics in English, Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Cochran, W.G. (1997). Sampling Techniques, (3rd ed.), John Wiley and Sons, New York.
Engin-Demir, C. (2009). Factors Affecting the Academic Achievement of Turkish Urban Poor, International Journal of Educational Development, 29.
Goldstein, H. (2010). Multilevel Statistical Models (4th Ed.), Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics, University of Bristol, UK, John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Publication.
Kassahun, M. and Zelalem, T. (2006). Assessment on the Impact of Plasma Television Implementation on the Teaching Learning Process of Mathematics Class: The Case on Selected High Schools, Mathematics Department, Education Faculty, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Sheldon R. And Julie, M. (2003). Longitudinal Survey of Australian Youth, research report36, Influences on Achievement in Literacy and Numeracy, Australian Council for Educational research.
Marilyn G., and Janine G. (2004). Leading Math Success: From the Chairs of the Expert Panels on Student Success in Ontario: Mathematical Literacy, Grades 7–12, The Report of the Expert Panel on Student Success in Ontario.
Snijders, T. and Bosker, J. (1999). Multilevel Data and Multilevel Analysis: An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling, SAGE Publications, Thousand Oaks New Delhi, London.
Tadesse, S. (2009). Understanding Female Students’ Academic Performance: An Exploration of the Situation in South Nations Nationalities and Peoples Regional State, Ethiopia, International Institute of Social Studies, The Hague and the Netherlands.
UNESCO-WDE. (2007). World Data on Education (6 ed.), Ethiopia.
Yeshimebrat M., et’al (2013) .Affecting Female Students’ Academic Achievement at Bahir Dar University CICE Hiroshima University, Ethiopia, Journal of International Cooperation in Education, Vol.15 No.3.