A Gender Study of Self-Efficacy Perceived in Socio-Cultural Environment in Mexican University Students in the Health Area
Science Journal of Education
Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2014, Pages: 85-88
Received: May 18, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 11, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
Views 2458      Downloads 87
Authors
Alejandro Chávez Guerrero, Faculty of Physical Culture Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, México
Jesús Enrique Peinado Pérez, Faculty of Physical Culture Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, México
Juan Francisco Aguirre Chávez, Faculty of Physical Culture Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, México
Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola, Faculty of Sport Organization, Autonomous University of Nuevo León, México
Guadalupe Javier Rivero Carrasco, Faculty of Physical Culture Sciences, Autonomous University of Chihuahua, México
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to compare the profiles of perceived self-efficacy in the sociocultural sphere between men and women, Mexican university students of health sciences. A total sample of 524 participants (202 women, 322 men) aged 17-20 years (M = 18.20; SD = 0.72) participated in this study. A quantitative approach with a descriptive and transversal survey design was applied. The results of the one-way multivariate analysis of variance, followed by the one-way univariate analyses of variance, showed that women reported significant higher punctuations than men regarding the perceived self-efficacy in promotion of the culture and cultural identity (p< .001). Therefore, gender is an important variable when design any kind of intervention for improving the perceived self-efficacy of students in sociocultural sphere. Future research should apply these findings within other cultures.
Keywords
Student’s Beliefs, Gender Differences, Higher Education, Academic Performance, Students Characteristics
To cite this article
Alejandro Chávez Guerrero, Jesús Enrique Peinado Pérez, Juan Francisco Aguirre Chávez, Oswaldo Ceballos Gurrola, Guadalupe Javier Rivero Carrasco, A Gender Study of Self-Efficacy Perceived in Socio-Cultural Environment in Mexican University Students in the Health Area, Science Journal of Education. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 85-88. doi: 10.11648/j.sjedu.20140203.13
References
[1]
Bandura. Self-efficacy: The exercise of Control. New York: Freeman, 1997.
[2]
H. Blanco, M. Martínez,, M. Ornelas, F. J. Flores, F. J., &J. E. Peinado. Validation of self-efficacy scales in academic behaviors and health care. México: Doble Hélice Ediciones, 2011.
[3]
M. Ornelas, H. Blanco, G. Gastélum & A. Chávez. Perceived self-efficacy in the University Student Academic Conduct. University Formation, vol. 5(2), pp 17-26, 2012.
[4]
V. Schmidt, N. Messoulam & F. Molina. Academic self-concept in middle school adolescents: presentation of an instrument for evaluation. Iberoamerican Journal of Psychological Diagnostic and Assessment, Vol. 1(25), pp. 81-106, 2008.
[5]
A. Bandura. Self-efficacy mechanism inhuman agency. American Psychologist, Vol. 37(2), pp. 122-147, 1982.
[6]
E. Pérez, C. Lescano, D. Heredia, P. Zalazar, L. Furlám & M. Martínez. Development and psychometric analysis of self-efficacy inventory for multiple intelligences in Argentine children. Psicoperspectivas, Vol. 10(1), pp. 169-189, 2011.
[7]
A. Blanco. Self-efficacy beliefs of college students: an empirical study on the specificity of the construct. RELIEVE, Vol. 16(1), pp. 1-28, 2010.
[8]
M. N. Rodríguez. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Uruguayan version of the Smart Trapnell scale to measure perceived intellectual ability. Iberoamerican Journal of Psychological Diagnostic and Assessment, Vol. 1(27), pp. 85-105, 2009.
[9]
Zimmerman & A. Kitsantas, A. Homework practice and academic achievement. The mediating role of self-efficacy and perceived responsibility beliefs. Contemporary Educational Psychology, Vol. 30(4), pp. 397-417, 2005.
[10]
M. A. Carbonero &E. Merino. Self-efficacy and vocational maturity. Psicothema, Vol. 16(2), pp. 229-234, 2008.
[11]
M. A. Carbonero & E. Merino. Autoeficacia y madurez vocacional. Psicothema, Vol. 16(2), pp. 229-234, 2008.
[12]
M. Ornelas, H. Blanco, J. M. Rodríguez &F. J. Flores. Psychometric analysis of the self-efficacy scale with care behaviors of physical health in college freshmen. University Education, Vol. 4(6), pp. 21-34, 2011.
[13]
M. Ornelas, H. Blanco, J. M. Rodríguez & F. J. Flores. Análisis psicométrico de la escala autoeficacia en conductas de cuidado de la salud física en universitarios de primer ingreso. Formación Universitaria, Vol. 4(6), pp. 21-34, 2011.
[14]
R. Hernández, C. Fernández &P. Baptista. Research Methodology. México: McGraw- Hill, 2010.
[15]
R. Hernández, C. Fernández & P. Baptista. Metodología de la investigación. México: McGraw- Hill, 2010.
[16]
F. Muñoz, M. C. Zueck, G Gastélum, &J. C. Guedea. Factorial composition of a self-efficacy scale in the sociocultural environment in engineering college. University Education, Vol. 5(5), pp. 39-50, 2012.
[17]
H. Blanco, M. Martínez, M. d. C. Zueck & G. Gastélum. Psychometric analysis of the self-efficacy scale in academic behaviors in college freshmen. Investigative News in Education, Vol. 11(3), pp. 1-27 (2011).
[18]
J. Viciana, E. M. Cervelló &J. Ramírez. Effects of manipulating positive and negative feedback on goal orientation, perceived motivational climate, satisfaction, task choice, perception of ability, and attitude to physical education lessons. Perceptual and motor skills, Vol. 105(1), pp. 67-82, 2007.
[19]
H. Blanco, M. Ornelas, J. L. Tristán, A. Cocca, D. Mayorga-Vega, J. López-Walle &J. Viciana. Editor for creating and applying computerise surveys. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 106, pp. 935-940, 2013. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.105
[20]
J. E. Peinado. Effect of academic discipline on the perception of basic skills in college quiting. España: Universidad de Granada, 2011.
[21]
J. E. Peinado. Efecto de la disciplina académica sobre la percepción de las competencias básicas en universitarios chihuahuenses. España: Universidad de Granada, 2011.
[22]
J. Saunders, L. Davis, T. Williams & J H. Williams. Gender differences in self perceptions and academic outcomes: A study of African-American high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 33(1), pp. 81-90, 2004.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186