Investigating the Influence of Topic Writing in Biology Teaching on Students’ Critical Thinking Disposition Improvement
Science Journal of Education
Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 206-213
Received: Nov. 30, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 9, 2016; Published: Jan. 6, 2017
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Authors
Mingxing Chen, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China
Nongnong Shi, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China
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Abstract
The California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory-Chinese Version (CTDI-CV) revised by Ms Meici Peng et al. were used to sample and analyze the students from a high school in Hangzhou, China. The average score of the students' critical thinking disposition was 255.9, and no single dimension exceeded 40 points, suggesting that the overall critical thinking was weak. The students’ score of critical thinking slightly increased from grade one to grade three, but the increase was very subtle, which was similar to the findings from other studies. The reasons were analyzed from three aspects: social and cultural background, family education, and school education system. Two classes in grade one were chosen to perform the parallel practical study for two months. These two classes had no significant difference in CTDI-CV pre-test. For the experimental class, we conducted teaching experiment for two months, assigning several biology topic writings related to class knowledge; the teachers graded the assays and gave feedback. The control class was given normal teaching. The experimental class showed extremely significant improvements in truth seeking (p = 0.006 < 0.01) and analytical ability (p = 0.003 <0.01), indicating that topic writing could help improve the critical thinking ability of high school students in certain aspects, although it didn’t get significantly increased total score (p = 0.059> 0.05) of critical thinking disposition compared to the pre-test. Some feasible suggestions on how to train the critical thinking ability of students in biology teaching were also proposed.
Keywords
Critical Thinking, Biology Topic Writing, CTDI-CV Analysis
To cite this article
Mingxing Chen, Nongnong Shi, Investigating the Influence of Topic Writing in Biology Teaching on Students’ Critical Thinking Disposition Improvement, Science Journal of Education. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 206-213. doi: 10.11648/j.sjedu.20160406.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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