Internet Addiction and Psychological Morbidity among Nursing Students in Gaza-Palestine
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2014, Pages: 99-103
Received: Jun. 26, 2014; Accepted: Jul. 1, 2014; Published: Jul. 10, 2014
Views 2744      Downloads 261
Author
Bashir Ibrahim Alhajjar, Faculty of Nursing, the Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza Strip, Palestine
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Despite the positive aspects of the internet have been readily praised over the last years, there has been increased interest in the addictive potential of the internet. The present study was conducted in order to investigate not only the prevalence of internet addiction among the nursing students at the Islamic University of Gaza, but also the relationship between internet addictions and psychological morbidity. At the beginning of first semester of the academic year 2013/2014, all nursing students from second, third, and fourth year students-excluding first year students-were handed the questionnaires, which included the Arabic versions of Internet Addiction Test (IAT), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), and demographic data. A total of 236 nursing students completed and returned the questionnaires. Female participants were 124 (52.5%) and fourth year students were 107 (45.3%). Results indicated that 30.1% of participants scored high level of internet addiction. Male nursing students were significantly higher than females in both internet addiction and psychological morbidity. No significant differences in IAT or GHQ-12 were found among nursing students due to study year. The results showed that there is significant positive correlation between internet addiction and psychological morbidity. It can be concluded that Palestinian nursing students in Gaza are highly addicted on internet and this affected their psychological morbidity. A program to reduce addiction on internet is suggested and comfortable study environment is recommended.
Keywords
Internet Addiction, Psychological Morbidity, Nursing Students, Gaza-Palestine
To cite this article
Bashir Ibrahim Alhajjar, Internet Addiction and Psychological Morbidity among Nursing Students in Gaza-Palestine, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2014, pp. 99-103. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140304.13
References
[1]
Alavi S, Maracy M, Jannatifard F, Eslami M, Haghighi M (2010). A Survey of Relationship between psychiatric symptoms and internet addiction in students of Isfahan universities, Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services; 17 (2): 57-65.
[2]
Beranuy M, Oberst U, Carbonell X, Chamarro A (2009). Problematic Internet and mobile phone use and clinical symptoms in college students: the role of emotional intelligence, Computers in Human Behavior; 25 (5): 1182-1187.
[3]
Bidi F, Namdari-Pejman M, Kareshki H, Ahmadnia H (2012). The Mediating role of metacognition in the relationship between internet addiction and general health, Addiction & Health; 4 (1-2): 49-56.
[4]
Ceyhan A (2008). Predictors of problematic Internet use on Turkish university students, Cyberpsychology & Behavior; 11 (3): 363-6.
[5]
Choi K, Son H, Park M, Han J, Kim K, Lee B, et al (2009). Internet overuse and excessive daytime sleepiness in adolescents, Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences; 63 (4): 455-62.
[6]
Christakis D (2010). Internet addiction: A 21st century epidemic? BioMed Central Medicine; 8: 61.
[7]
Christakis D, Moreno M, Jelenchick L, Myaing M, Zhou C (2011). Problematic internet usage in US college students: a pilot study, BioMed Central Medicine; 9:77.
[8]
Deng Y, Hu M, Hu G, Wang L, Sun Z (2007). An investigation on the prevalence of internet addiction disorder in middle school students of Hunan province, Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi; 28 (5): 445-8.
[9]
Ferraro G, Caci B, D’Amico A, Di Blasi M (2007). Internet addiction disorder: An Italian study, Cyberpsychology & Behavior; 10 (2): 170-5.
[10]
Fu K, Chan W, Wong P, Yip P (2010). Internet addiction: prevalence, discriminant validity and correlates among adolescents in Hong Kong, The British Journal of Psychiatry; 196 (6): 486-92.
[11]
Gibbons C, Dempster M, Moutray M (2009). Surveying nursing students on their sources of stress: A validation study, Nurse Education Today; 29 (8): 867-872.
[12]
Goldberg D (1992). General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Windsor, UK: Nfer-Nelson.
[13]
Ha J, Yoo H, Cho I, Chin B, Shin D, Kim J (2006). Psychiatric comorbidity assessed in Korean children and adolescents who screen positive for Internet addiction, Journal of Clinical Psychiatry; 67 (5): 821-826.
[14]
Hawi N (2013). Arabic validation of the Internet Addiction Test, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking; 16 (3): 200-204.
[15]
Iqbal M, Noor M, Miann A (2014). Analysis of internet addiction amongst university level students, VFAST Transactions on Software Engineering; 3 (2): 11-16.
[16]
Kim K, Ryu E, Chon M, Yeun E, Choi S, Seo J, et al (2006). Internet addiction in Korean adolescents and its relation to depression and suicidal ideation: a questionnaire survey, International Journal of Nursing Studies; 43 (2): 185-92.
[17]
Kormas G, Critselis E, Janikian M, Kafetzis D, Tsitsika A (2011). Risk factors and psychosocial characteristics of potential problematic and problematic internet use among adolescents: A cross-sectional study, BioMed Central Public Health; 11: 595.
[18]
Kutty N, Sreeramareddy C (2014). A cross-sectional online survey of compulsive internet use and mental health of young adults in Malaysia, Journal of Family and Community Medicine; 21 (1): 23-28.
[19]
Lotfi M, Minian A, Ghomizadeh A, Nourani F (2010). A study on psychological health of first year university students in Iran, Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences; 3 (2): 47-51.
[20]
Muussesa L, Finkenauerb C, Kerkhofc P, Billedoc C (2014). A longitudinal study of the association between Compulsive Internet use and wellbeing, Computers in Human Behavior; 36: 21-28.
[21]
Nasiri E, Raei M, Vatani J, Keshavarz S, Hashiani A (2011). Survey the Prevalence of Internet Addiction and Its Influential Factors in Persian College Student in 2011, Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research; 10 (1): 50-53.
[22]
Papazisis G, Tsiga E, Papanikolaou N, Vlasiadis I, Sapountzi-Krepia D (2008). Psychological distress, anxiety and depression among nursing students in Greece, International Journal of Caring Sciences; 1 (1): 42-46.
[23]
Petry N (2006). Internet gambling: an emerging concern in family practice medicine, Family Practice; 23 (4): 421-426.
[24]
Pryjmachuk S, Richards D (2008). Predicting stress in pre-registration midwifery students attending a university in Northern England. Midwifery; 24 (1): 108-122.
[25]
Tsai H, Cheng S, Yeh T, Shih C, Chen K, Yang Y, et al (2009). The risk factors of Internet addiction–a survey of university freshmen, Psychiatry Research; 167 (3): 294-9.
[26]
Tsitsika A, Critselis E, Kormas G, Filippopoulou A, Tounissidou D, Freskou A, Spiliopoulou T, Louizou A, Konstantoulaki E, Kafetzis D (2009). Internet use and misuse: a multivariate regression analysis of the predictive factors of internet use among Greek adolescents, European Journal of Pediatrics; 168 (6): 655-65.
[27]
Wang H, Zhou X, Lu C, Wu J, Deng X, Hong L (2011). Problematic Internet Use in High School Students in Guangdong Province, China, PLoS One; 6 (5): e19660.
[28]
Widyanto L, McMurran M (2004). The psychometric properties of the internet addiction test, Cyberpsychology & Behavior; 7 (4): 443-50.
[29]
Yoo Y, Cho O, Cha K (2013). Associations between overuse of the internet and mental health in adolescents, Nursing & Health Sciences; (In Press).
[30]
Young K (2009). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder, Cyberpsychology & Behavior; 1 (3): 237-244.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186