Body Integrity Identity Disorder and Mancophilia: Similarities and Differences
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 116-121
Received: Oct. 5, 2014; Accepted: Oct. 20, 2014; Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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Authors
Lea Pregartbauer, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences and Medical University, Am Kaiserkai 1, D-20457 Hamburg, Germany
Thomas Schnell, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences and Medical University, Am Kaiserkai 1, D-20457 Hamburg, Germany
Erich Kasten, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences and Medical University, Am Kaiserkai 1, D-20457 Hamburg, Germany
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Abstract
Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) is characterized by the intense desire for some form of body impairment. Most often sufferers report wanting a healthy limb to be amputated. Currently most professionals classify this strange wish as an identity disturbance, but several BIID affected persons also speak of a sexual component when describing their desire for an amputation. In contrast to BIID, “mancophilia” (also referred to as deformation fetishism, acrotomophilia, or amelotatism) is a form of paraphilia. Those with this condition are sexually aroused by people with a physical impairment as such as an amputation. In this pilot-study we investigated the differences between BIID and mancophilia with a self-report questionnaire, which asked 36 participants (18 with BIID, 18 with mancophilia) about their sexual preferences. The results showed a considerable overlap between the sexual preferences of people with BIID and those of people with mancophilia. BIID-participants self-reported an erotic preference for people with disabilities and, overall, a cluster-analysis resulted in three observable groups: Cluster-I, BIID with a strong sexual component (61.1%); Cluster-II, BIID with a moderate sexual component (16.7%); and Cluster-III, BIID with low or no sexual component (22.2%). However, the erotic fascination for one’s own amputation was only found in BIID afflicted persons and did not occur in people with mancophilia. Only the wish for an own handicap allows a strict differentiation between those two syndromes. In summary, these preliminary findings suggest that an erotic component seems to be a frequent part of the identity disorder BIID.
Keywords
Mancophilia, Body Integrity Identity Disorder, Amelotatism, Apotemnophilia, Xenomelia, BIID, Paraphilia, Identity Disorder, Deformation Fetishism
To cite this article
Lea Pregartbauer, Thomas Schnell, Erich Kasten, Body Integrity Identity Disorder and Mancophilia: Similarities and Differences, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 116-121. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20140305.12
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