Body Integrity Identity Disorder: Development and Evaluation of an Inventory for the Assessment of the Severity
American Journal of Applied Psychology
Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Pages: 76-82
Received: Apr. 26, 2015; Accepted: May 9, 2015; Published: May 23, 2015
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Authors
Mona L. Fischer, Dept. of Neuropsychology, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Am Kaiserkai 1, Hamburg, Germany
Thomas Schnell, Dept. of Clinical Psychology, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Am Kaiserkai 1, Hamburg, Germany
Erich Kasten, Dept. of Neuropsychology, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Am Kaiserkai 1, Hamburg, Germany
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Abstract
Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID), the wish of subjects for an amputation of otherwise healthy limbs, is a rare disturbance. Until now, BIID was seen as a symptom affecting a group of people suffering from an urging desire for amputation. But while some of the BIID-affected people only have a weak wish for an amputation others show severe symptoms. The aim of this work was the development of a psychological test to measure the severity of the wish for amputation or palsy in BIID afflicted subjects. Additionally, we analyzed correlation with demographic data. We developed a survey in English and German language from which three pairs of similar items were created for a test of reliability. 45 people affected by BIID answered this survey (38 men, 7 women, age 42.6 ±12.4). After controlling for robustness, a normal distribution of the "BIID-severity" could be detected and the subjects were divided into 5 groups (<2 SD: very low, -2 to -1 SD: light, -1 to +1 SD: moderate, +1 to +2 SD: heavy, > +2 SD: very heavy BIID). The severity of BIID sufferers was not more pronounced in older than in younger subjects, but BIID affects more men than women and the first manifestation of BIID occurs predominantly in childhood.
Keywords
Body Integrity Identity Disorder, BIID, Apotemnophilia, Xenomelia, Amputee Identity Disorder
To cite this article
Mona L. Fischer, Thomas Schnell, Erich Kasten, Body Integrity Identity Disorder: Development and Evaluation of an Inventory for the Assessment of the Severity, American Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 76-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ajap.20150403.15
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