International Journal of Philosophy
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages: 72-79
Received: Nov. 29, 2014;
Accepted: Dec. 7, 2014;
Published: Dec. 17, 2014
Views 2773 Downloads 149
Valentin Krassilov, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, 199 Aba Khoushy Ave., Mount Carmel, Haifa 3498838, Israel
Positive epistemology represents processes as happenings, random as the case may be. Yet process proceeds rather than happens, which implies a drive (potentiation) under it. Potentiation cannot be random but is created by work (effort), either on the thing or by the thing on itself, making it a living thing. Life drive is an ectropic effort whereas death drive is entropic. Life carries with it a lot of dead mass, thereby the regularities of death drive are not entirely alien to it, but mitigated and eventually surmounted through evolution. ‘Pragmatic’ existential philosophy as well as ‘pragmatic’ epistemology confuses life drive with death drive which is scarcely pragmatic.
On Pragmatism, Life, and Evolution, International Journal of Philosophy.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 72-79.
W. James, The meaning of truth, New York, Longmans, Green and Co., 1909, 297 pp.
C. S. Peirce, “The essential Peirce: selected philosophical writings, Volume 1: 1867–1893,” N. Houser, and C. Kloesel, Eds., Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1992, 448 pp.
G. Axtell, and P. Olson, “Three Independent Factors in epistemology,” Contemporary Pragmatism, vol. 6 (2), pp. 89–109, 2009.
S. Freud, Beyond the pleasure principle, On Metapsychology Penguin Books Ltd, New edition, 1991, 496 pp.
J. Campbell, “Bayesian Methods and Universal Darwinism,” AIP Conf. Proc., vol. 1193, pp. 40-47, 2009.
Ch. Darwin, On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life [1st ed.], London, John Murray, 1859, 502 pp.
T. R. Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population, London, F. J. Johnson, 1798, 126 pp.
B. Russell, Human Society in Ethics and Politics, New York, Mentor Book, 1962, 264 pp.
S. Hawking, The universe in a nutshell, London, Bantam Press, 2001, 224 pp.
G. Frege, Begriffsschrift, eine der arithmetischen nachgebildete Formelsprache des reinen Denkens, Halle, Verlag von Louis Nebert, 1879, 88 pp.
T. Kuhn, The structure of scientific revolutions, 3d ed., Chicago, London, University of Chicago Press, December 15, 1996, 226 pp.
B. Spinoza, Ethics, 1667, Transl. E.M. Curley, Penguin Classics, July 26, 2005, 208 pp.
I. Prigogine, From Being to Becoming, San Francisco, W.H. Freeman, 1980, 272 pp.
V. A. Krassilov, Evolution: System Theory, Sofia, Pensoft, June 2014, 414 pp.