‘Proairesis’, ‘Proairetic’ and ‘Aproairetic’: Synopsis of All the Passages Containing these Terms in the ‘Discourses’ and the ‘Manual’ of Epictetus
International Journal of Philosophy
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 24-33
Received: Jun. 12, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 21, 2015;
Published: Jul. 4, 2015
Views 4537 Downloads 109
Franco Scalenghe, The Laboratorio Internazionale di Genetica e Biofisica (LIGB) of the CNR (National Research Council), Naples, Italy
Follow on us
In the last decades, the concepts of προαίρεσις (proairesis), προαιρετικὸν (proairetic) and ἀπροαίρετον (aproairetic) in the Stoic philosophy of Epictetus have aroused the interest, among others, of researchers like C. Cassanmagnago ; R. Dobbin [2-3], J. B. Gourinat , R. Kamtekar , R. Sorabji [6-7], R. S. Braicovich , K. Seddon  and A. A. Long . The scope of this paper is to present a complete and as far as possible unequivocal picture of the subject. To this end I have produced a new translation and made a careful analysis of all the occurrences of the three terms in the works of Epictetus. The results I have reached show that the three concepts are perfectly clear in their meaning, without the need of translating them and with a simple transliteration from ancient Greek, as modern languages do not have an exact equivalent of such words.
Epictetus, Proairesis, Proairetic, Aproairetic, Nature of Things, Diairesis, Counterdiairesis
To cite this article
‘Proairesis’, ‘Proairetic’ and ‘Aproairetic’: Synopsis of All the Passages Containing these Terms in the ‘Discourses’ and the ‘Manual’ of Epictetus, International Journal of Philosophy.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 24-33.
C. Cassanmagnago. “Il problema della prohairesis in Epitteto”. Rivista di filosofia Neoscolastica, 1977, LXIX, pp. 232-246.
R. Dobbin. “Προαίρεσις in Epictetus”. Ancient Philosophy.1991, 11, pp. 1-36.
R. Dobbin. (Ed.) Epictetus. Discourses Book I. Oxford: Oxford University Press,2008.
J. B. Gourinat. “La proairesis chez Epictète: decision, volonté, ou personne morale?” Philosophie Antique. 2005, 5, pp. 93-133.
R. Kamtekar.“ΑΙΔΩΣ in Epictetus”. Classical Philology. 1998, 43 (2), pp. 136-160.
R. Sorabji, “Epictetus on proairesis and Self”. In Mason A. & Scaltsas (Eds.), The philosophy of Epictetus. Oxford: Oxford University Press.2007, pp. 87-98.
R. Sorabji. “Graeco-Roman varieties of Self”. In P. Remes and J. Sihvola (Eds.) Ancient philosophy of the Self. Springer, New York.2008,pp. 13-34.
R. S. Braicovich. “On some rhetorical-pedagogical strategies in Epictetus Discourses concerning proairesis”. Eidos. 2013, 19, pp. 39-56
K. Seddon. Epictetus’ Handbook and the table of Cebes. Guides to Stoic living. New York Routledge. 2005.
A. A. Long. Epictetus. A Stoic and Socratic guide to life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2002
W. A. Oldfather. (Ed.) Epictetus. The Discourses as reported by Arrian. The Manual and the Fragments. London Heinemann.1961.