Analysis of Tourism Facilities’ Distribution and its Optimization Based upon Ashworth-Tunbridge and Getz Models Using GIS; Case Study: Semnan in Historical Silk Route
Humanities and Social Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 47-56
Received: Apr. 23, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 28, 2014; Published: May 10, 2014
Views 2807      Downloads 151
Authors
Issa Ebrahimzadeh, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Planning, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
Marzie Daraei, Young Researchers Club Member, Researcher in Geography and Urban-Tourism Planning, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This paper highlights distribution of tourism facilities in Semnan and compares them based upon Ashworth, Tunbridge and Getz models. Data analyzed by SPSS and T-test shows that despite of the existing many historical and cultural attractions of the Semnan and its location in the path of ancient Silk Road and also modern Tehran-Mashhad railway, optimal use of existing functions are not performed, because of inappropriate distribution of resources and facilities. In this paper, we have investigated optimal locations of facilities using GIS. Necessary suggestions have been provided to attract more tourists and to improve Semnan tourism planning.
Keywords
Tourism Development, Optimal Locations, Accommodation Facilities, Catering Facilities, Semnan, GIS
To cite this article
Issa Ebrahimzadeh, Marzie Daraei, Analysis of Tourism Facilities’ Distribution and its Optimization Based upon Ashworth-Tunbridge and Getz Models Using GIS; Case Study: Semnan in Historical Silk Route, Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 47-56. doi: 10.11648/j.hss.20140203.11
References
[1]
M. Mowforth, I. Munt, “Tourism and Sustainability Development globalization and new tourism in the Third World”, 3rd Ed, Routledge. Taylor & Francis Group. London & New York, 2009. p.6.
[2]
I. Ebrahimzadeh, A. Aqhasizadeh, “Analysis of factors affecting tourism development in the coastal zone of Chabahar using SWOT strategy”, Urban and Regional Studies and Research Journal, 1st year. 1st issue. Isfahan University, 2009. pp. 107-128.
[3]
UNWTO News, “UNW-TO World Tourism Barometer”. Issue 25, PR No.: PR14004. Madrid, 2014.
[4]
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), “International tourism - a key to development. Prosperity and well-being”, 2010. p. 2.
[5]
A. Movahed, “The spatial distribution centers of residence in the historical cities, case study: Isfahan”, Research Human Geography, No. 65, 2008. pp. 105-116.
[6]
E. Inskeep, “Tourism planning: an integrated and sustainable approach”, John Wiley & Sons. New York, 1991. p. 119.
[7]
A. Rezvani, “Geography and Tourism”, University of PNU. Tehran, 1995. p. 8.
[8]
A.M. Farajzadeh et al., “Evaluation and site selection urban educational centers Us-ing Geographic Information System (GIS), case study: Moalem Zone in Kermanshah”, Madras Journal of the Humanities, Vol. 8. No. 1, 2004. p.163.
[9]
S. Christodoulakis et al., “A modular Approach to Support GIS Functionality in Tourism Applications”, Laboratory of Distributed Multimedia Information Systems & Applications - Technical University of Crete, 1998. p.1.
[10]
R.M. Feng, A.M. Morrison, “GIS Application in tourism and hospitality marketing: A case in Brown County”, Indiana. 13(2), 2003. pp.127-143
[11]
B. Keshvari, P. Teimoori, “The Use of GIS and TIS in Feasibility Study of Tourism in Coastal, Case Study: City of Babolsar”, Journal of Human Geography, Year 2. No. 4, 2011. p.74.
[12]
I. Ebrahimzadeh, M. Zeiaei and A. Del-shad, “Strategic Planning and Development of Tourism”, Desert Publishing. Mashhad. 1st Edition, 2012. p.62.
[13]
H.R. Varesi, M. Taghvaei and A. Shahivandi, “An Analysis of Status of Tourism Infrastructures in Isfahan (With Emphasis Putting on Hotels)”, Geography and Environmental Planning Journal, Year 22. Vol. 44. No.4, 2012. p.97.
[14]
F.H. Zamani, “Iran Tourism and Travel Agencies”, Zohd Press, 2001. p.200.
[15]
Christopher M. Law, “Urban Tourism: Attracting Visi-tors to Large Cities”, Mansell Publisher, London, 1996. pp. 109-110.
[16]
D.J. Timothy, G. Wall, “Tourist accommodation in an Asian-historic city”, The Journal of Tourism Studies. Vol. 6. No 2, 1995. pp. 64-65.
[17]
G.J. Ashworth, J.E. Tunbridge, “The Tourist-Historic City”, London. Bel-haven, 1990.
[18]
Elisseeff Vadime, “The Silk Roads: Highways of Culture and Commerce”, UNESCO Publishing, Berghahn Books. ISBN978-92-3-103652-1, 2001.
[19]
Jerry Bentley, “Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern Times”, Oxford Univer-sity Press, New York, 1993.
[20]
Site of Silk Road Festival: http://silkroadfestival.blogfa.com/post-11.aspx
[21]
Semnan Governorship, “Report of so-cial-economic of Semnan province in 2007”, the office of Planning and Budget. Planning Depart-ment of Semnan Governorship, 2008. pp. 697-698.
[22]
Administration of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism of Semnan province, “Report 2; Evaluation and assessment of the tour-ism sector”, Semnan province's tourism master plan, 2010. pp. 6-11.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186