Diversity of Enset Landraces (Ensete ventricosum (Welw) Cheesman) in Aleta Chuko District, Sidama Zone, South Nation Nationality People and Regional State, Ethiopia
Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages: 1-7
Received: Nov. 10, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 27, 2015; Published: Jan. 8, 2016
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Amare Seifu Assefa, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI), Genetic Resources Access and Benefit Sharing Directorate, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Daniel Fitamo, College of Agriculture, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
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The objective of this study was to investigate the diversity of enset landraces in Aleta Chuko district. Accordingly, the study was conducted on the diversity of enset landraces in 125 randomly selected households at five different Kebeles (neighborhoods, the smallest administrative units in Ethiopia) in Aleta Chuko district, Southern Ethiopia. Based on the interview and filed observation 55 enset landraces from sampled households as well as additional 6 enset landraces from un-sampled households were recorded. There were variation in the diversity of enset landraces in the selected Kebeles of the district with altitudinal variation, the highest diversity being recorded in Lelawomerea with high altitude (r = 0.85, p <0.05) and lowest in Rufowayino (low altitude) with relative dissimilarity coefficient of 74%. The result from this study showed that diversity, richness, and evenness of enset landraces varied along the study Kebeles. These variations largely depend on elevation, climate, precipitation, availability of sucker, good management and presence of organic fertilizer (animal dung).
Diversity, Evenness, Landraces, Enset, Dissimilarity Coefficient and Richness
To cite this article
Amare Seifu Assefa, Daniel Fitamo, Diversity of Enset Landraces (Ensete ventricosum (Welw) Cheesman) in Aleta Chuko District, Sidama Zone, South Nation Nationality People and Regional State, Ethiopia, Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20160401.11
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