Journal of Plant Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 72-79
Received: Jun. 26, 2016;
Accepted: Jul. 4, 2016;
Published: Jul. 21, 2016
Views 3765 Downloads 130
Shovon C. Sarkar, Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh; State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China
Mahjuba Akter, Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Graduate School of Agriculture, Ehime University, Ehime, Japan
M. R. Islam, Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Moinul Haque, Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
The performance of five hybrid rice varieties namely Shakti 2, Suborna 8, Tia, Aloron and BRRI hybrid dhan 2 in Aman season was conducted and inbred BRRI dhan 33 was used as check variety. The result showed that the hybrid varieties exhibited superiority in respect of growth characters such as tillers hill-1, leaves hill-1, total dry matter (TMD) hill-1, leaf area hill-1, Leaf area index (LAI), crop growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR) and net assimilation rate (NAR) over the inbred. The highest TDM hill-1 (84.0 g), maximum leaf area hill-1 (1787cm2), average highest CGR and RGR (40.63 g m-2 d-1 and 17.9 mg g-1 d-1) were observed Tia and lowest TDM hill-1 (70.10 g), minimum leaf area hill-1 (1198cm2), average lowest CGR and RGR (27.26 g m-2 d-1 and 13.35 mg g-1 d-1) were observed in BRRI dhan 33. These hybrid varieties also showed higher yield attributes viz. effective tillers hill-1, 1000-grain weight, biological yield and harvest index (HI) over the inbred. The highest grain yield was achieved from Tia (7.82 t ha-1), which was closely followed by Shakti 2 (7.65 t ha-1). These two hybrid varieties produced 24.0% higher yield over the inbred BRRI dhan 33. Effective tillers hill-1 and higher filled grains panicle-1 mainly contributed to the higher grain yield of hybrid varieties.
Shovon C. Sarkar,
M. R. Islam,
Md. Moinul Haque,
Performance of Five Selected Hybrid Rice Varieties in Aman Season, Journal of Plant Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2016, pp. 72-79.
Ahalawal, I. P. S. and Saraf, C. S. (1983). Growth analysis in pigeon pea (Cajanuscajan L.) under differing management condition. Indian J Agron., 28: 363-369.
BBS. (2010). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Min. Plan. Govt. People's Repub. Bangladesh. p. 450.
Chandra, K. and Das, A. K. (2007). Correlation and intercorrelation of physiological parameters in rice under rainfed transplanted condition. Crop Res. Hisar Assam Agril. Univ., 19 (2): 251-254.
Chowdhary, M. J. U., Sarkar, A. U., Sarkar, M. A. R. and Kashem, M. A. (1999). Effect of variety and number of seedling on the yield and its components on late transplanted Aman rice. Bangladesh J. Agri. Sic., 20 (2): 311-316.
Cui, J., Kusutani, A, Q., Toyata, M., Asanurna, K. and Cui, J. (2000). Studies on the varietal difference of harvest index and morphological characteristics of rice. Japanese J Crop Sci., 63 (3) 359-364.
Dutta, R. K. and Mondal, M. M. A. (1998). Evaluation of lentil genotypes in relation to growth characteristics, assimilate distribution and yield potential. LENS Newsl., 25: 51-55.
Dutta, R. K., Mia, M. A. B. and Khanum, S. (2002). Plant architecture and growth characteristics of fine grain aromatic rice and their relation with grain yield. Int. Rice Comm. Newsl., 51: 51-55.
Gomez, K. A. and Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research. 2nd end, John Wiley and sons, New York.
Hoque, M. N. (2004). Morpho-physiological studies in aromatic and modern rice cultivars. M. S. Thesis, Dept. Bot., Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Mymensingh.
IRRI (International Rice Research Institute). (1993). Rice Research in a time of change- IRRI's medium- term plan for 1994-95. Int. Rice Res., Los Banos, Philippines. P. 79.
Julfiquar, A. W., Virmani, S. S., Hague, M. M., Mazid, M. A. and Kamal, M. M. (2006). Hybrid rice in Bangladesh: opportunities and challenges. Rice Research for food security and poverty alleviation-Proceedings of the International Rice Conference.
Kabir, M. B., Kabir, M. R., Japan, M. S. and Das, G. G. (2004). Yield performance of three aromatic fine rice in a coastal medium high land. Asian J Plant Sci. 3 (5): 561-563.
Mondal, M. M. A., Islam, A. F. M. S. and Siddique, M. A. (2005). Performance of 17 modern transplant aman cultivar in the north region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Crop. Sci., 16: 23-29.
Munshi, R. U. (2005). A comparative morphophysiological study between two local and two modern rice cultivars. M. S. Thesis, Dept. Crop Botany, Bangladesh Agri. Univ., Mymensingh.
Om, H., Latua, S. K. and Dhiman, S. D. (1998). Effect of nitrogen and seed rate in nursery raising and nitrogen on growth and yield of hybrid rice (Oryza saliva). Indian J. Agron., 42 (1): 68-70.
Pheloung, P. C. and Siddique, K. H. M. (1991). Contribution of system dry matter to grain yield in wheat cultivars. Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 18 (1).
Pruneddu, G. and Spanu, A. (2001). Varetal comparison of rice in Sardinia. Dipartimentodi Science AgroomicheGenetica vegetable Agraria, Universitadegli, Italy Informatore-Agraria, 57 (5): 47-49.
Reddy, Y. A. N., Prasad, T. G. and Kumar, M. U. (1995). Relationship between leaf area index, specific leaf weight and assimilation rate in rice genotypes. MadarasAgril. J., 82 (111): 616-617.
Salam, M. A., Khorshed, A. and chowdhury. S. I. (1990). Morpho-physiological aspects of Binasail for its improved yield potential over the parent Nizersail. Bangladesh J. Nuclear Agric., 5 (5): 15-21.
Shams, B. S. (2002). Effect of elevated temperature on the growth and yield parameters of modern Boro rice varieties. M. S. Thesis Dept. Crop Bot., Bangladesh Agric. Univ., Mymensingh. Pp 1-2.
Shrirame, M. D. and Muley, M. D (2003). ariability and correlation studies in rice. Indian. J. Soils and Crops. 13 (1): 165-167.
Tanaka, A. (1980). Physiological examination of very high yielding rice crops. Research issues for ultra-high yielding rice crop. Secretarial of Research Council of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (mimeo). pp 64-74.
Thakur, D. S. and Patel, S. R. (1998). Growth and sink potential of rice as influenced by the split application of potassium with FYM in inceptisols of eastern central. India. J. Potassium Res., 14 (1/4): 73-77.
Yang, F., Wang, X. L., Mia, J. Y. and Ling, F. L (2011). A comparative analysis of yield component factors of the two rice varieties of JND3 and JND13. J. Jilin Agril. Univ., (4): 21-24.
Yang, W., Peng, S., Laza, R. C., Visperas. R. M. and Dionisio-Sese, M. L. (2007), Grain yield and yield attributes of new plant type and hybrid rice. Crop Sci., 47: 1393-1400.
Yoshida, S., (1981). Fundamentals of Rice Crop Science. Intl. Rice Res. Inst., Los Banos, Leguna, Philippines. pp 48-269.