American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 156-160
Received: May 15, 2015;
Accepted: May 23, 2015;
Published: Jul. 17, 2015
Views 26794 Downloads 421
Md. Farid Hossain, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Md. Anwarul Islam, School of Education, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
This review paper discusses the production, uses and importance of Nipa palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb., Arecaceae). It is a mangrove palm that grows well in ‘Sundarbans’ mangrove forest of Bangladesh. Nipa palm is locally called ‘Golpata’ used for multipurpose such as roof thatching, partitioning, foods, medicinal purposes and as a source of fuel wood. The sugary sap from the inflorescence stalk is used as a source of treacle (molasses), amorphous sugar, vinegar and alcohol. Newly developed shoots are to be used as a vermicide. Ash from Nipa palm is used as an analgesic against tooth pain and headache. Dry leaves, petiole, stem wood, fruit residues etc. are used as fuel. In fishing, rhizomes of Nipa palm are extensively used, facilitating the fishing net to float over the water surface. This palm helps stabilizing soils, protecting against erosion, reducing the forces of cyclones and high sea waves in the coastal zones. The demand of Nipa palm products is increasing day by day in the different countries of the world including Bangladesh.
Md. Farid Hossain,
Md. Anwarul Islam,
Utilization of Mangrove Forest Plant: Nipa Palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.), American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 156-160.
Badve, R. M. and Sakurkar, C.V. 2003. On the disappearance of palm genus Nypa from the west coast with its present status in the Indian subcontinent. Curr. Sci. 85:1407–1409.
Gee, C.T. 1989. On the fossil occurrences of the mangrove palm Nypa. Paper presented at the symposium; Paleofloristic and paleoclimatic changes in the Cretaceous and Tertiary. Prague.
Chaudhuri, A.B. and Naithani, H.B.1985. A comprehensive Survey of Tropical Mangrove Forests of Sundarbans and Andaman’s. Part I. International Book Distributors, Dehra Dun, India. 41 pp.
Akhtaruzzaman, A.F.M. 2000. Mangrove Forestry Research in Bangladesh. In: Asia-Pacific Cooperation on Research for Conservation of Mangroves, Proceedings of an International Workshop, 26–30 March, 2000, Okinawa, Japan. pp. 139–146.
Shahidullah, M. 2001. Nursery and Plantation Techniques of Golpata (Nypa fruticans). In: Siddiqui, N.A. and M.W. Baksha (eds.), Proceedings of the National Workshop on Mangrove Research and Development at Bangladesh Forest Research Institute, Chittagong, Bangladesh 15-16 May, 2001.pp.33–38.
Percival, M. and Womersley, J.S. 1975. Floristics and Ecology of the Mangrove Vegetation of Papua New Guinea. Botany Bulletin No. 8, Department of Forests, Papua New Guinea. 94pp.
Miah, M.D.; Ahmed, R. and Islam, S.J. 2003. Indigenous Management Practices of Golpata (Nypa fruticans) in Local Plantations in Southern Bangladesh. PALMS. 47(4):185-190.
BBS. 2013. Statistical Year Pocket Book. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Ministry of Planning. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
Faizuddin, M.; Rahman, M.M.; Shahidullah, M.; Helalsiddiqui, A.S.M.; Hasnin, M. and Rashid, M.H. 2000. Golpata (Nypa fruticans) important forests produce of the Sundarbans. Mangrove silviculture division, Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI), Khulna, Bangladesh.
Duke, N. 2006. Australia’s Mangroves. The Authoritative Guide to Australia’s Mangrove Plants. University of Queensland, Queensland. 200 pp.
Dransfield, J.; Uhl, N.W.; Asmussen,C.B.; Baker,W.J.; Harley, M.M. and Lewis,C.E. 2008. Genera Palmarum: The Evolution and Classification of Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 732 pp.
Hamilton, L. S. and Murphy, D.H.1988. Use and management of Nipa Palm (Nypa fruticans, Arecaceae): A review. Economic Botany. 42(2): 206−213.
Theerawitaya, C.; Samphumphaung,T.; Cha-um, S.; Nana Yamada, N. and Takabe, T. 2014. Responses of Nipa palm (Nypa fruticans) seedlings, a mangrove species, to salt stress in pot culture. Flora - Morphology, Distribution and Functional Ecology of Plants 209 (10):597-603.
Fong, F.W. 1982. Nypa swamps in Peninsular Malaysia. Proceedings of the First International Wetlands Conference. Wetlands: Ecol. Manage., pp. 31-38.
Rozainah, M. Z and Aslezaeim, N. 2010. A demographic study of a mangrove palm, Nypa fruticans. Scientific Research and Essays.5 (24):3896-3902.
MoWR. 2006. Coastal Development Strategy. Ministry of Water Resources. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
Islam, M.R. (Ed.). 2004. Where land meets the sea: a profile of the coastal zone of Bangladesh. Dhaka, the University Press Limited. 317 pp.
Islam, M.R.; Ahmad, M.; Huq, H. and Osman, M.S. 2006. State of the coast 2006. Dhaka, Program Development Office for Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan Project, Water Resources Planning Organization.
Tomlinson, P. S. 1986. The Botany of Mangroves. Cambridge University Press, New York. 413 pp.
Teo, S.; Ang, W.F.; Lok, A.F.S.L.; Kurukulasuriya, B.R. and Tan, H.T.W. 2010. The status and distribution of the nipah, Nypa fruticans Wurmb (Arecaceae), in Singapore. Nat. Singapore. 3: 45–52.
Okugbo, O.T.; Usunobun, U.; Esan, A.; Adegbegi, J.A., Oyedeji, J.O. and Okiemien, C.O. 2012. A review of Nipa palm as a renewable energy source in Nigeria. Res. J. Appl. Sci. Eng. Technol. 4, 2367–2371.
Tsuji, K.; Ghazalli, M.N.F.; Ariffin, Z.; Nordin, M.S.; Khaidizar, M.I.; Dulloo, M.E. and Sebas-tian, L.S. 2011. Biological and ethnobotanical characteristics of nipa palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.): a review. Sians Malaysia 40: 1407–1412.
Wankasi, D.; Horsfall Jr., M. and Spiff, A.I., 2006. Sorption kinetics of Pb2+ and Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution by Nipah palm (Nypa fruticans Wurmb.) Shoot biomass. Elect. J. Biotechnol. 9:587–592(www.cabi.org/isc/.../36772).
FAO. 1995. Integrated Resource Development of the Sunderbans Reserved Forest, Bangladesh. Draft final report. FAO: DP/BGD/84/056.
Shiva, M.P. 1994. Report on Mangrove Non-wood Forest Products. FAO/UNDP project BGD/84/056, Khulna, Bangladesh. 147 pp.
Killmann, W.; Wong,W.C. and Shaari, K.1989. Utilization of Palm stems and leaves: an annotated bibliography. Forest Research Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Burkill, I. H.1966. A Dictionary of the Economic Products of the Malay Peninsula. Volume II. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London. 2444 pp.
Matsui, N.; Okimori,Y.;, Fumio Takahashi,F.; Matsumura, K. and Bamroongrugsa, N. 2014. Nipa (Nypa fruticans Wurmb) Sap Collection in Southern Thailand II. Biomass and Soil Properties. Environment and Natural Resources Research.4 (4).
Ame, R.B.; Ame, E.C. and Ayson, J.P., 2011. Management of the Nypa mangrove as a mitigating measure against resource over-utilization in Pamplona. Cagayan. Kuroshio Sci. 5, 77–85.
Cha-um, S.; Takabe, T. and Kirdmanee, C. 2010. Ion contents, relative electrolyte leakage, proline accumulation, photosynthetic abilities and growth characters of oil palm seedlings in response to salt stress. Pak. J. Bot. 42, 2020–2191.
Youssef, T. and Awad, M.A. 2008. Mechanisms of enhancing photosynthetic gas exchange in date palm seedlings (Phoenix dactyifera L.) under salinity stress bya 5-aminolevunic acid-based fertilizer. J. Plant Growth Regul. 27, 1–9.
Al-Khayri, J.M. 2002. Growth, proline accumulation, and ion content in sodium chloride-stressed callus of date palm. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. Plant. 38:79–82.
Blasco, F.; Saenger, P. and Janodet, E. 1996. 'Mangroves as indicators of coastal change', Catena. 27(3-4):167-178. (Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0341-8162 (96)00013-6).
Das, S.C.; Akhter, S.; Wazihullah A.K.M. and Rahman, M.S. 2000. Yield of Vinegar, Alcohol and Sugar from the Sap of Nypa fruticans. Bangladesh J. Forest Sc. 29: 92–96.