American Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 161-169
Received: Oct. 4, 2016;
Accepted: Oct. 13, 2016;
Published: Jan. 7, 2017
Views 2969 Downloads 78
Surendra Pratap Yadav, Department of Polymer & Process Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Uttam Kumar Ghosh, Department of Polymer & Process Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
Amiya Kumar Ray, Department of Polymer & Process Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India
The effect of time, temperature and concentration of prehydrolyzing agent on the biomass prehydrolysis have been studied for pentosan removal. Basic kinetic parameters i.e. rate constant, order of reaction, energy of activation and frequency factor were calculated. This study on the kinetics of pentosan removal reveals that the rate of pentosan removal does not follow exactly first order kinetics and shifting of order is observed during the reaction. In searching for a kinetic equation for pentosan removal, it was found that the data was well fitted by an order at higher concentration and by another order at lower concentration of prehydrolyzing agent. The order of reaction of pentosan removal lies between 0.8 to 1.40. A regression model was developed for % pentosan removal relating to temperature and time for water prehydrolysis at higher temperatures. This model was well fitted by data given in literature.
Surendra Pratap Yadav,
Uttam Kumar Ghosh,
Amiya Kumar Ray,
A Fresh Look at the Kinetics of Pentosan Removal from Lignocellulosic Biomass, American Journal of Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 4, No. 6,
2016, pp. 161-169.
Aguilar R., Ramirez J. A., Garrote G., Vazquez M. Kinetic study of the acid hydrolysis of sugar cane bagasse. J. Food Eng. 2002; 55:309-318.
Bains B. S., Puri S. C., Chawla J. S. Thermal hydrolytic studies on lignocellulosic Wastes. J. IPPTA 1977(July, Aug. & Sept.); 15:201-204.
Bhattacharya Prashant K., De Sirshendu, Haldar Raghunath, Thakur Rajeev. Kinetic studies on soda –anthraquinone pulpingof Indian mixed hardwoods. J. TAPPI 1992(Aug.); 123-127.
Bhardwaj N. K., GoyalSanjeev K., Gupta Ajay, Upadhyaya J. S., Ray A. K. Soda & Soda-anthraquinone pulping of rice straw. J. IPPTA 1999; 58(3):180-185.
Findley Marshall E., Nolan W. J. A kinetic Study of the Reactions. J.TAPPI 1956; 39(11):758-768.
Goldstein, I. S., Helena, P., Pittman, J. L., Strouse, B. A. and Searingelli, P., Proc. 5th symposium on Biotechnology for fuels and Chemicals, Gatlingburg, Tennessee, USA, 1983.
Goyal S. K., Ray A. K., Bhardwaj N. K., Gupta A. Pulping studies of rice straw using Soda and soda anthraquinone process. Proc. TAPPI 1998; Pulping Conference: 227-238.
Goyal S. K., Ray A. K. Optimization of bleaching parameters for bagasse pulp: An economic analysis. Proc. TAPPI 1989; Pulping Conference: 703-707.
Guha S. R. D., Singh S. V., Gopichand S. Kinetic and Mechanism of Water Prehydrolysis of Eucalyptus Hybrid. J. IPPTA Souvenir; 1977:22-27.
Herrera A, Tellez-Luis SJ, Ramirez JA, Vazquez M., Production of xylose from sorghum straw using hydrochloric acid. J. Cereal Sci 2003; 37(3):267-274.
Htut Ye, Biyani S. S., Kumar Prem, Bapuji G., Mittal K. C., Naithani N. K. High Alpha Pulp From Bagasse. J. IPPTA Souvenir 1977; 57-63.
Hurter A. M. Utilization Of Annual Plants And Agricultural Residues For the Production of Pulp And paper. TAPPI Proceedings, 1988 Pulping Conference: 139-161.
Kobayashi T, Sakai Y. Hydrolyis rate of pentosan of hardwood in dilute sulphuric acid. J. Bull. Agric. Chem. Soc.Jpn., 1956, 20(1):1.
Levenspiel O., 1999. Chemical Reaction Engineering, third ed., John Wiley & Sons, pp. 63-67.
Liu Yuxin, Liu Yanxue, Wang Zhongliang, PengJinhui. Alkaline Hydrolysis Kinetics Modeling of Bagasse Pentosan Dissolution. Bioresources 2014; 9(1):445-454.
LuoXiaolin, Ma Xiaojuan, Hu Huichao, LiCanghai, Cao Shilin, Huang Liulian, Chen Lihui. Kinetic study of pentosan solubility during heating and reacting processes of steam treatment of green bamboo. J.Bioresource Technology 2013;130:769-776.
LuoXiaolin, Hu Huichao, Ma Xiaojuan, Cao Shilin, Li Canghai, Huang Liulian, Chen Lihui. A novel model for process of pentosan digestion during steam treatment of green bamboo. J. CIESC 2013;64(5):1766-1772.
Mansilla Hector D., Baeza Jaime, Urzua Sergio, Maturana Gabriel, VillasenorJorge, Duran Nelson. Acid –Catalysed hydrolysis of rice hull: Evaluation of Furfural production. J. Bioresource Technology 1988; 66: 189-193.
Mittal K. C. Optimisation Of Prehydrolysis-Kraft Delignification Of Bagasse. Proc. TAPPI 1988;Pulping Conference 47-51.
Mittal J. P., Biswas B. Studies in the preparation of furfural from Zea mays stem pith. J. IPPTA 1977(July, Aug. & Sept.); 15(3):209-216.
Montane Daniel, Salvado Joan, Torras Carles, Farriol Xavier. High –temperature dilute-acid hydrolysis of olive stones for furfural production. J. Biomass and Bioenergy 2002;22:295-304.
Nguyen QA, Tucker MP, Keller FA, Eddy FP. Two-stage dilute-acid pretreatment of softwoods. J. Appl Biochem Biotech 2000; 84-86:561-576.
Rodriguez-Chong A, Ramirez JA, Garrote G, Vazquez M. Hydrolysis of sugar cane bagasse using nitric acid: a kinetic assessment. J. Food Eng.2004; 61(2):143-152.
Ray A. K., Kumar Vivek, Dharm Dutt, Mittal K. C.. Comparision of ECF bleaching Sequences of Bagasse Pulp, IPPTA Issue2005, 77-82.
Ray A. K., MathurAshish, Verma K. V. An attempt to analyze rice straw based mechano-chemical pulp forprocessing. 1991 Pulping Conference pg. no. 223-233.
Ray A. K., Carrasco F., Kakta B. V. Steam explosion high yield pulp from mill wet bagasse. ININ FPCC, April 6-9, 1992 PRCC (China).
Sood Y. V., Kapoor S. K. Modified soda pulping of wheat straw. J. IPPTA 1984(march); 21(1):81-86.
Sharma D. K., Das K. Mechanism of two stage acid hydrolysis of bagasse by HCl under atmospheric pressure conditions. J. Indian chemical engineer 1987; 29: 68-71.
Vazquez M, Oliva M, Tellez-Luis SJ, Ramirez JA. Hydrolysis of sorghum straw using phosphoric acid: evaluation of furfural production. J. Bioresource technology 2007; 98: 3053-3060.
Walters, W. Z., “The Effect of Elevated Temperatures on the Neutral Sulfite Pulping Process,” Doctor’s Dissertation, Appleton, Wis., The institute of Paper Chemistry, 1959;Walters, W. Z. and May, M. N., Tappi 43:11,881(1960).
Wilder Harry D., Han S. T. A comparison of the kinetics of the neutral sulfite and kraft pulping Process. J. TAPPI 1962(January); 45(1):1-9.