Effective Factors in Causing Leakage in Water Supply Systems and Urban Water Distribution Networks
American Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2-2, March 2015, Pages: 60-63
Received: Oct. 12, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 14, 2015;
Published: Nov. 30, 2015
Views 11717 Downloads 383
Hassan Saghi, Department of Civil Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
Abbas Ansari Aval, Department of Civil Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
Water has a vital role in the country‘s economic development, since most part of it is dry and desert. Whereas, water has been cheap and easy accessing, the authorities of the urban water distribution organizations have not paid so much attention to the decreasing of the unaccounted for water (U.F.W) as a solution for saving water, the decreasing of the cost of preparing water and the increasing of their efficiency or income. In recent years, the U.F.W has been paid attention because of the shortage of resources and the cost increasing of water preparation. Therefore, along with preparing water from new resources, the water wasting in different stages of transmission, refinement and distribution of water should be prevented as a long term programing. In this article, the effective elements in causing leak have been explained. The results show that the most leakage of water deals with the parameters such as pressure, quality, diameter and age of the pipes.
Abbas Ansari Aval,
Effective Factors in Causing Leakage in Water Supply Systems and Urban Water Distribution Networks, American Journal of Civil Engineering. Special Issue: Research and Practices of Civil Engineering in Developing Countries.
Vol. 3, No. 2-2,
2015, pp. 60-63.
Tabesh, M., Karimi, K. "Determination of the leak detection and the renewal time of urban water by analyzing the accident data," No. 5, pages 597 to 610, 2006.
M. Schouten, and R. D. Halim, “Resolving strategy paradoxes of water loss reduction: A synthesis in Jakarta.” J. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 54, pp. 1322-1330, 2010.
Tabesh, M. Honari, H.r. "Analysis of accidents in the urban water distribution networks”, water and environment magazine, NO. 50, pages 17-23, 2002.
V. Chawla, P. G. Gurbuxani, and G. R. Bhagure, “Corrosion of Water Pipe: a Comprehensive Study of Deposits.” J. Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, PP. 479-492, 2012.
Danshfraz, R., Moradi, N. "Evaluation of water hammer in pumping station and water pipeline using software AFT-Impulse", accepted at the first conference on Kerman water and sanitation, 2012.
K. Jing, and Z. Zhi-Hong, “Time Prediction Model for Pipeline Leakage Based on Grey Relational Analysis.” J. Physics Procedia, vol. 25, pp. 2019-2024, 2012.
W. Li, W. Ling, S. Liu, J. Zhao, R. Liu, Q.Chen, Z. Qiang, and J. Qu, “Development of system for detection, early warning, and control of pipeline leakage in drinking water distribution: A case study.” J. Environmental Science, vol. 23(11), pp. 1816-1822, 2011.
R. Perez, V. Puig, J. Pascual, J. Quevedo, E. Landeros, and A. Peralta, “Methodology for leakage isolation using pressure sensitivity analysis in water distribution networks.” J. Control Engineering Practice, vol. 19, pp. 1157-1167, 2011.
A. Marunga, Z., Hoko, and E. Kaseke, “Pressure management as a leakage reduction and water demand management tool: The case of the City of Mutare, Zimbabwe.” J. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, vol. 31, pp. 763-770, 2006.
M. Nicolini, C. Giacomello, and K. Ded, “Calibration and Optimal Leakage Management for a Real Water Distribution Network.” J. Water Resources Planning and Management, pp. 134-142, 2011.
L. Berardi, O., Giustolisi, and F. Primativo, “Exploiting multi-objective strategies for optimal rehabilitation planning.” In Proceedings of Computer and Control in Water Industry (CCWI) - Water Management ChallengesinGlobal Changes-Ulaniki, Taylor and Francis Group, London, PP. 23-30, 2007.
L. S. Araujo, H. Ramos, S. T. Coelho, “Pressure Control for Leakage Minimization in Water Distribution Systems Management.” J. Water Resources Management, VOL. 20, pp. 133-149, 2006.