Avifauna Diversity in Kafa Biosphere Reserve: Knowledge and Perception of Villagers in Southwest Ethiopia
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2016, Pages: 7-13
Received: Aug. 23, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 31, 2016; Published: Sep. 18, 2016
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Weldemariam Tesfahunegny, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Animal Biodiversity Directorate, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tesfu Fekensa, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Animal Biodiversity Directorate, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Getachew Mulualem, Mekelle Biodiversity Centre, Animal Biodiversity, Wildlife Studies, Tigray, Ethiopia
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This study was carried out from 2013 to 2014 in Kafa biosphere reserve, southwest Ethiopia. We investigated and documented population status of bird diversity and the existing local community knowledge, attitude and practice associated with ecological significance to conservation of avian diversity. Point observation method was used to collect data on distribution and diversity of birds. Data were analyzed using descriptive Statistics, Chi-square test and one-way ANOVA. Questionnaire surveys were also made to collect qualitative data. A total of 474 birds fit in to 10 orders and 25 families were recorded. There were 398 residents, 56 winter migratory, 15 local migratory and 5 summer migratory birds. Shannon-winner indices of bird diversity for Kafa biosphere reserve, Decha, Chena, Dadiben, Gojeb wetland and Boka were 2.41, 2.71, 2.48, 2.24 and 1.68, while its evenness indices showed that 0.85, 0.94, 0.92, 0.90 and 0.86 respectively. We concluded that species richness, abundance and diversity reach higher values in larger and structurally more heterogeneous forest. Nine (31%) of the locals perceived that, avian conservation has ecological significance, while 20 (68%) were responded, is not essential, being depredators of chickens and crop pests. conservation of birds and its habitat should be integrated with the knowledge and practice of locals to establish participatory avian conservation.
Kafa, Anthropogenic Pressure, Perception, Biosphere Reserve, Population Status
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Weldemariam Tesfahunegny, Tesfu Fekensa, Getachew Mulualem, Avifauna Diversity in Kafa Biosphere Reserve: Knowledge and Perception of Villagers in Southwest Ethiopia, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2016, pp. 7-13. doi: 10.11648/j.eeb.20160102.11
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