Relationship Between Biological Parameters and Fish Catch Ratio of Rutilus kutum Kamensky, 1901 and Cyprinus carpio in the Southeast of the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran-Goharbaran)
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 1-13
Received: Dec. 23, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 3, 2017; Published: Jan. 19, 2017
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Authors
Mohammadali Afraei Bandpei, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Aboulghasem Roohi, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Hassan Nasrollahzadeh Saravi, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Nourbakhsh Khodaparast, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Reza Daryanabard, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Asieh Makhlogh, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Fatemeh Tahami, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Mojgan Rowshantabari, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Abdolah Hashemian, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
Alireza Keihansani, Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Sari, Iran
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Abstract
This study was conducted in the southeastern part of the Caspian Sea in Mazandaran (Goharbaran) from a project [#4-76-12-95101] during 2013 -2014. Samples were collected monthly at 8 stations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the density and biomass of biological parameters at different months and their relationships with fish catch ratio such as Cyprinus carpio and Rutilus kutum Kamensky, 1901. Overall, 157 species of phytoplankton were identified which belonged to 8 phyla among them Bacillariophyta comprised to 48% of the highest species frequency. A total of 11 species of zooplankton, and 24 species of macrobenthos were found. There was a significant differences between density and biomass of biological parameters at different stations (p <0.05). The results showed that the density of phytoplankton in winter was the highest value at all stations. In contrast, the density of zooplankton decreased at the same time. This could be due to the lack of grazing animal e.g. zooplankton which grazing on phytoplankton. Based on Principal component analysis (PCA) the maximum value of similarity coefficient for C. carpio were in November and December (0.997) and for R. kutum Kamensky, 1901 in February and April (0.998), respectively. This could be due to the data of sampling stations which located to the inshore water and the substrate feeding behavior of carp and approaching the spawning season and spend the reproductive period in the river for Kutum.
Keywords
Plankton, Macrobenthos, Carp, Kutum, Caspian Sea, Iran
To cite this article
Mohammadali Afraei Bandpei, Aboulghasem Roohi, Hassan Nasrollahzadeh Saravi, Nourbakhsh Khodaparast, Reza Daryanabard, Asieh Makhlogh, Fatemeh Tahami, Mojgan Rowshantabari, Abdolah Hashemian, Alireza Keihansani, Relationship Between Biological Parameters and Fish Catch Ratio of Rutilus kutum Kamensky, 1901 and Cyprinus carpio in the Southeast of the Caspian Sea (Mazandaran-Goharbaran), Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-13. doi: 10.11648/j.eeb.20170201.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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