Invasion of Wetlands in Kumasi by Informal Economic Activities and Consequences for Urban Management
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2016, Pages: 11-16
Received: Apr. 19, 2016;
Accepted: May 3, 2016;
Published: May 13, 2016
Views 3794 Downloads 108
Richard Oduro Asamoah, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Construction Division, Kumasi, Ghana
Isaac Decard I - Nelson, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Structures, Design and Planning Division, Kumasi, Ghana
Kwadwo Twumasi - Ampofo, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Structures, Design and Planning Division, Kumasi, Ghana
Bettie Solomon - Ayeh, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Structures, Design and Planning Division, Kumasi, Ghana
Kofi Offei - Nyako, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Construction Division, Kumasi, Ghana
John Solomon Ankrah, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Building and Road Research Institute, Structures, Design and Planning Division, Kumasi, Ghana
Follow on us
Wetlands were considered as waste lands for breeding mosquitoes, home for all kinds of shanty settlements with no basic housing facilities. This study seeks to identify the effects of informal activities along wetland areas in Kumasi metropolitan specifically Sepe-Buokrom- Dichemso areas. The study was in a form of case study covering Sepe-Buokrom and Dichemso areas in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Systematic sampling technique was employed to select the various informal activities within the area. The study revealed that the main informal economic activities within the communities were washing bays, mechanical workshops, petty trading, carpentry works, and etc. Majority of businesses operating along the selected areas had permit for their works. Flooding, poor environmental conditions and poor management of waste disposal were the effects of the activities along wetland areas. Malaria and typhoid were the most prevailing diseases within the study areas. Low cost of land and access to customers were some of the reasons people were operating their businesses along wetland areas. The study concludes that, wetlands in Kumasi are undergoing negative transformation and hence losing their social, economic and environmental values due to unsustainable activities including improper waste disposal and unplanned settlement.
Wetlands, Informal Commercial Activities, Effects
To cite this article
Richard Oduro Asamoah,
Isaac Decard I - Nelson,
Kwadwo Twumasi - Ampofo,
Bettie Solomon - Ayeh,
Kofi Offei - Nyako,
John Solomon Ankrah,
Invasion of Wetlands in Kumasi by Informal Economic Activities and Consequences for Urban Management, Urban and Regional Planning.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2016, pp. 11-16.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
D. K. Attuquayefio and A. Abdulai. “Environmental and Social Management Plan (Esmp) Construction of Barekese-Afrancho Link Road, Kumasi” Draft Report November, 2013.
R. A. Acheampong and P. A. Anokye.”Understanding Households’ Residential Location Choice in Kumasi’s Peri-Urban Settlements and the Implications for Sustainable Urban Growth” Research on Humanities and Social Sciences www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1719 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2863 (Online) Vol. 3, No. 9, 2013.
M. J. Hammond, A. S. Chen, S. Djordjevic, D. Butler, and O. Mark. (2015). Urban flood impact assessment: A state-of-the-art review, Urban Water Journal, volume 12, no. 1, pages 14-29.
B. D. Grebliunas and W. L. Perry “The role of C: N: P stoichiometry in affecting denitrification in sediments from agricultural surface and tile-water wetlands” March 2016.
Ramsar Convention Secretariat “Strategic Framework and Guidelines for the Future Development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance of the Convention on Wetlands” (Rsis Edition) Nov 4, 2015.
E. Amler, M.Schmidt, and G. Menz “Definitions and Mapping of East African Wetlands: A Review” 27 April 2015.
Australian Government. “Wetlands Australia, National Wetland update” February 2016 No 28 Department of Environment.
D. P. Lettenmaier, F. Aires, and F. Papa “Toward a High-Resolution Monitoring of Continental Surface Water Extent and Dynamics, at Global Scale: from GIEMS (Global Inundation Extent from Multi-Satellites) to SWOT (Surface Water Ocean Topography)”. March 2016, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 339-355.
S. Baker, K. Eckerberg and A. Zachrisson (2014) Political science and ecological restoration, Environmental Politics, 23: 3, 509-524, DOI: 10.1080/09644016.2013.835201 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2013.835201
B. K. Nyarko, D. K. Essumang, M. J. Eghan and P. L. G. Vlek. “Use of isotopes to study floodplain wetland and river flow interaction in the White Volta River basin, Ghana” Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 46(1): 91-106. March 2010.
S. L. Kostka, M. H. Zischke, A. H. Davis “Practice Under the California Environmental Quality Act”. Oakland, California: Continuing Education of the Bar – California. Second Edition 2016 Update.
H. M. Hagy. “Wetland Classification and Assessment: The Hydrogeomorphic Approach - Advanced Wetlands Ecology” University of Tennessee – Knoxville 8 September 2011.
C. L. Arnold, Jr; and C. J Gibbons, “Impervious surface coverage: The emergence of a key environmental indicator American Planning Association”. Journal of the American Planning Association; spring; Vol. 62, No. 2; 1996.ABI/INFORM Global pg. 243.
J. Marsalek, Q. Rochfort and D. Savic. “Urban water as a part of integrated catchment management”. Chapter 2, 2001. pp. 37-83.
I. Andjeilkovic. Guidelines on Non-Structural Measures in Urban Flood Management. Paris: 2001. IRTCUD. 50.
P. Kolsky, and D. Butler, “Performance Indicators for Urban Storm Drainage in Developing Countries. Urban Water”, Vol 4: 2002. pp 137-144.
L. B. Leopald, “Water, Rivers and Creeks”. University Science Book Press, Sausalito, CA. 1997. Pp185.
W. P. Cunningham, and B. W. Saigo. 1999. “Environmental Science: A Global Concern”. 5th ed. Boston: 1999. WCB McGraw-Hill.
E. M. P. Chadwick, 1981. “Biological characteristics of the Atlantic salmon smolts in Western Arm Brook, Newfoundland. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquatic. Sci. Vol. 10 No. 24.1981 45 pages.
K. Bailey. “Methods of Social Research “4th Edition 2008.