The Infrastructural Development and Commercialization of Smallholder Dairy Farming in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya
Urban and Regional Planning
Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016, Pages: 77-85
Received: Aug. 4, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 1, 2016; Published: Nov. 23, 2016
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Moses Ageya Kembe, School of Planning and Architecture, Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya
Charles Ochola Omondi, School of Environment and Earth Sciences, Maseno University, Maseno, Kenya
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Inadequate transportation infrastructure raises search and monitoring costs. The degree of the farmers particularly the smallholder farmers participation in the markets is usually affected by the state of infrastructure. The smallholder dairy producers in Uasin Gishu County, in the commercialization process are as follows: 70% subsistence, 20% semi-commercialized and 10% commercialized. This indicates that smallholder dairy producers are mainly subsistence-oriented with commercial orientation being uncommon. Therefore, commercialization of smallholder dairy farming is still low despite the concern given by the Government and other development partners in transforming the prevalent subsistence smallholder dairy farming to competitive, commercial and sustainable dairy industry that will lead to economic growth, poverty alleviation, wealth and employment creation. This may be influenced by infrastructural development in the study area. The objective of this paper therefore was to assess the influence of infrastructural development on commercialization of smallholder dairy farming. The paper utilized descriptive research design in which a sample size of 384 respondents was selected using stratified random sampling technique. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires, focused group discussions, and key informants. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient; Spearman's rank correlation coefficient and multiple regressions) with Household Commercialization Index (HCI) being the dependent variable. The results of the study revealed that infrastructural development have significant influence on commercialization of smallholder dairy farming. In view of the results, it is recommended that the County Government of Uasin Gishu in consultation with policy makers; planners; smallholder dairy producers and other players in dairy farming should formulate policies, strategies, projects and programs that address the influence of infrastructural development issues for increased level of dairy commercialization and hence sustainable rural development.
Infrastructural Development, Smallholder Dairy Producers, Commercialization of Smallholder Dairy Farming, Uasin Gishu County
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Moses Ageya Kembe, Charles Ochola Omondi, The Infrastructural Development and Commercialization of Smallholder Dairy Farming in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, Urban and Regional Planning. Vol. 1, No. 4, 2016, pp. 77-85. doi: 10.11648/j.urp.20160104.12
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